• Melissa L. ShirleyEmail author
  • Karen E. Irving
  • Vehbi A. Sanalan
  • Stephen J. Pape
  • Douglas T. Owens


Connected classroom technology (CCT) is a member of a broad class of interactive assessment devices that facilitate communication between students and teachers and allow for the rapid aggregation and display of student learning data. Technology innovations such as CCT have been demonstrated to positively impact student achievement when integrated into a variety of classroom contexts. However, teachers are unlikely to implement a new instructional practice unless they perceive the practical value of the reform. Practicality consists of three constructs: congruence with teacher’s values and practice; instrumentality—compatibility with the existing school structures; and cost/benefits—whether the reward is worth the effort. This study uses practicality as a framework for understanding CCT implementation in secondary classrooms. The experiences of three science teachers in their first year implementing CCT are compared with matched-pair mathematics teachers. Findings suggest that despite some differences in specific uses and purposes for CCT, the integration of CCT into regular classroom practice is quite similar in mathematics and science classrooms. These findings highlight important considerations for the implementation of educational technology.


audience response system connected classroom technology educational innovation educational technology mathematics education practicality index science education technology implementation technology integration 


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Copyright information

© National Science Council, Taiwan 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Melissa L. Shirley
    • 1
    Email author
  • Karen E. Irving
    • 2
  • Vehbi A. Sanalan
    • 3
  • Stephen J. Pape
    • 4
  • Douglas T. Owens
    • 2
  1. 1.College of Education and Human Development, Department of Teaching and LearningUniversity of LouisvilleLouisvilleUSA
  2. 2.The Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA
  3. 3.Erzincan UniversityErzincanTurkey
  4. 4.University of FloridaGainesvilleUSA

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