Teaching Deductive Reasoning to Pre-service Teachers: Promises and Constraints
- 197 Downloads
This paper broadly addresses the question of whether university students whose major does not require expertise in logic can improve their ability in deductive reasoning by taking an introductory course in logic. In particular, our study aims to evaluate a course in deductive logic offered by one of the authors in a department of elementary education. Two experiments were conducted by using a pretest-posttest design with an experimental and a control group as well as a follow-up test after 6 months on the experimental group. The results of the analyses showed that the course mainly succeeded in strengthening students’ general logical ability in the experimental group and these gains were retained 6 months later in the follow-up test. Promises and constraints of the study are discussed in the educational context.
Key wordsarguments deductive reasoning logical thinking pre-service teachers tableau method truth tables Venn diagrams
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Braine, M.D.S. & Rumain, B. (1983). Logical reasoning. In J.H. Flavell & E.M. Markman (Eds.), Handbook of child psychology: Vol. 3. Cognitive development (pp. 263–340). New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
- Braine, M.D.S., O’Brien, D.P., Noveck, I.A., Samuels, M.C., Lea, R.B., Fisch, S.M. & Yang, Y. (1995). Predicting intermediate and multiple conclusions in propositional logic inference problems: Further evidence for mental logic. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 124, 263–292.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Clement, C.A. & Falmagne, R.J. (1986). Logical reasoning, world knowledge, and mental imagery: Interconnections in cognitive processes. Memory & Cognition, 14, 299–307.Google Scholar
- Ekstrom, R.B., French, J.W., Harman, H.H. & Derman, D. (1976). Manual for kit of factor-referenced cognitive tests. Princeton, NJ: Educational Testing Service.Google Scholar
- Ferrari, P.L. & Marchini, C. (1996). Teaching and Learning Logic. In N.A. Malara, M. Menghini, & M. Reggiani (Eds.), Italian Research in Mathematics Education 1988 –1995. Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche. Roma. (In http://ued.uniandes.edu.co/servidor/em/recinf/libros/italian/indice.html).
- Garnham, A. & Oakhill, J. (1994). Thinking and reasoning. Oxford, UK: Blackwell.Google Scholar
- Green, S.B. Salkind, N.J. & Akey, T.M. (2000). Using SPSS for Windows: Analyzing and understanding data (2nd ed.). Upper Saddle River: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
- Hodges, W. (2001). Logic. Penguin Books.Google Scholar
- Kolodner, J. (1993). Case-based reasoning. San Mateo, CA: Morgan Kaufman.Google Scholar
- Manktelow, K.I. (1999). Reasoning and thinking. Hove, England: Psychology Press.Google Scholar
- Milne, P. (2004). Notes on teaching logic. Discourse: Learning and Teaching Philosophical and Religious Studies, 4(1), 137–158.Google Scholar
- Seibert, C. & Hedges, S. (1999). Do students learn in my logic class: What are the facts? Teaching Philosophy, 22, 141–159.Google Scholar
- Stanovich, K.E. (1999). Who is rational? Studies of individual differences in reasoning. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.Google Scholar