Differentials in Mathematics Achievement among Eighth-Grade Students in Malaysia
- 326 Downloads
This paper examines differences in mathematics achievement among eighth-grade students using a secondary analysis of the data. The students, who are from Malaysia, had participated in the Trend International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) 1999. A series of school, home, demographic and socio-economic variables were used to investigate the differences in the mean student mathematics scores. Evidence from the data shows that gender, the language spoken at home, expected educational level, family background, and home educational resources and aids have a significant influence on the students’ level of mathematics achievement.
Key wordscorrelation analysis mathematics achievement mean scores student background TIMSS
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Cleary, T.A. (1992). Gender Difference in Aptitude and Achievement Test Scores. Paper presented at the 1991 ETS Invitational Conference on Sex Equity in Educational Opportunity, Achievement and Testing, Princeton, New Jersey.Google Scholar
- Gallagher, A.M. & Kaufman, J.C. (2005). Integrative Conclusion in Gender Differences. In: Gallagher and Kaufman (Eds.), Mathematics: An Integrative Psychological Approach. Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- Geary, D.C. & Hamson, C.O. (2000). Improving the Mathematics and Science Achievement of American Children: Psychology’s Role. Education Directorate, American Psychological Association, http://www.apa.org/ed/geary.html
- Ghazali, M. & Lim, C.S. (1996). Primary mathematics. In: Lee Molly, Yoong Suan, Loo Seng Peng, Khadijah Khalid, Munirah Ghazali, and Lim Chap Sam (1996), Students’ orientation towards science and mathematics: Why are enrolments falling?, Monograph series number 1/96, Science University Malaysia.Google Scholar
- Kiamanesh, A.R. (2004). Factors Affecting Iranian Students’ Achievement in Mathematics, Paper presented in the First IEA International Research Conference, Cyprus.Google Scholar
- Ma, X. & Klinger, D.A. (2000). Hierarchical Linear Modeling of Student and School Effects on Academic Achievement. Canadian Journal of Education, 25, 41–55.Google Scholar
- Mullis, I.V.S., Martin, M.O., Beaton, A.E., Gonzales, E.J., Gregory, K.D., Garden, R.A., O’Connor, K.M., Chrostowski, S.J., & Smith, T.A. (2000). TIMSS 1999: International mathematics report, finding from IEA’s report of the third international mathematics and science study at the eight grade. TIMSS International Study Center: Boston College.Google Scholar
- Yates, S.M. (1999). Students’ Explanatory style, Goal Orientation and Achievement in Mathematics: A Longitudinal Study. Paper presented at the Australian Association for Research in Education Annual Conference, Melbourne. http://www.aare.edu.au/99pap/yat99484.htm.