Effective Professional Development in Science and Mathematics Education: Teachers' and Facilitators' Views

  • Meredith Park RogersEmail author
  • Sandra Abell
  • John Lannin
  • Chia-Yu Wang
  • Kusalin Musikul
  • David Barker
  • Shannon Dingman


This study compares the views of teachers and professional development facilitators about effective professional development (PD). We analyzed interviews with 72 teacher participants and 23 PD facilitators involved in nine science and mathematics PD projects. The teachers' themes for characterizing effective PD included classroom application, teacher as learner, and teacher networking. Similarly, the PD facilitators discussed effective PD as having classroom application and experiences for teachers as learners. In addition, PD facilitators shared the need to develop collegial relationships with teachers and improve teacher knowledge. These views correspond to some of the standards and recommendations described in policy and research documents on effective PD. Criteria of effective PD in these documents that the participants did not mention included: (1) challenging teachers' content and pedagogical content knowledge with transformative learning experiences, (2) encouraging teacher leadership for sustained support, and (3) focusing on student learning by instructing teachers on how to use student data to inform their teaching practice. Our findings have implications for designing PD that reflects the criteria of standards-based reform.

Key words

effective professional development mathematics education professional development science education standards 


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Copyright information

© National Science Council, Taiwan 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Meredith Park Rogers
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sandra Abell
    • 2
  • John Lannin
    • 2
  • Chia-Yu Wang
    • 2
  • Kusalin Musikul
    • 2
  • David Barker
    • 2
  • Shannon Dingman
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Curriculum and InstructionIndiana University – BloomingtonBloomingtonUSA
  2. 2.University of MissouriColumbiaUSA

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