Advertisement

Terahertz Time-Domain Imaging to Guide a Conservation Intervention on a Stratified Easel Painting

  • Corinna L. Koch Dandolo
  • Gilda María Pasco Saldaña
  • Mirta Asunción Insaurralde Caballero
  • Monserrat Alma Gómez Sepúlveda
  • Arturo Ignacio Hernández-Serrano
  • Alejandro Mesa Orozco
  • Joselyn Alvarado Calderón
  • Melba Samara Calderón Zárate
  • Karen Luna González
  • Eunice Corazón Peralta de Dios
  • Gerardo Hernández Rosales
  • Enrique Castro-Camus
Article
  • 137 Downloads

Abstract

Very few real easel paintings have been scanned by means of terahertz time-domain imaging (THz-TDI) up to now. In this study, four different areas of an eighteenth century easel painting have been scanned by THz-TDI with the aim of proving useful information to the conservators for its imminent restoration treatment, owing to the complexity of its structure. Despite the unevenness of the layers composing the painting (lining canvas, original canvas, patching materials, and paint layers), the recorded THz dataset has been processed so that the THz images of the single layers composing the multilayered object have been clearly obtained. Relevant information about the painting structure, the presence of structural defects, overpainting, and the existence and extension of the original remains could have been determined. Infrared photography and X-ray radiography have been used for integrating the collected THz data and comparing the different outputs.

Keywords

Terahertz time-domain imaging Easel painting Terahertz X-radiography Imaging Cultural heritage 

Notes

Funding Information

This study received financial support from the Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología CONACYT (grant numbers 255114, 252939, and 280391). Corinna L. Koch Dandolo received financial support from the Swiss National Science Foundation (grant SNSF, P2SKP2_16321 / 1).

References

  1. 1.
    Y. S. Lee, Principles of terahertz science and technology. 2009.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    A. Panwar, A. Singh, A. Kumar, and H. Kim, Terahertz Imaging System for Biomedical Applications : Current Status, Int. J. Eng. Technol. IJET-IJENS, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 33–39, 2013.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    D. M. Mittleman, S. Hunsche, L. Boivin, and M. C. Nuss, T-ray tomography., Opt. Lett., vol. 22, no. 12, pp. 904–906, 1997.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    W. L. Chan, J. Deibel, and D. M. Mittleman, Imaging with terahertz radiation, Reports Prog. Phys., vol. 70, no. 8, pp. 1325–1379, Aug. 2007.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    K. Fukunaga, Y. Ogawa, S. Hayashi, and I. Hosako, Terahertz spectroscopy for art conservation, IEICE Electron. Express, vol. 4, no. 8, pp. 258–263, 2007.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    K. Fukunaga, THz Technology Applied to Cultural Heritage in Practice. Tokyo: Springer, 2016.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    J Bianca Jackson, Marie R. Mourou, John F. Whitaker, I. Irl N. Duling, Steve L. Williamson, Michel Menu, and Gerard Mourou, Terahertz Time-Domain Reflectometry Applied to the Investigation of Hidden Mural Paintings, Conf. Lasers Electro-Optics/Quantum Electron. Laser Sci. Conf. Photonic Appl. Syst. Technol., no. c, p. CThN3, 2008.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    C. L. Koch-Dandolo, T. Filtenborg, K. Fukunaga, J. Skou-Hansen, and P. U. Jepsen, Reflection terahertz time-domain imaging for analysis of an 18th century neoclassical easel painting, Appl. Opt., vol. 54, no. 16, p. 5123, 2015.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    C. L. Koch Dandolo, M. Picollo, C. Cucci, M. Ginanni, E. Prandi, M. Scudieri, and P. U. Jepsen, Insights on the Side Panels of the Franciscan Triptych by Fra Angelico Using Terahertz Time-Domain Imaging (THz-TDI), J. Infrared, Millimeter, Terahertz Waves, vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 413–424, Apr. 2017.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    K. Krügener, M. Schwerdtfeger, S. F. Busch, A. Soltani, E. Castro-Camus, M. Koch, and W. Viöl, Terahertz meets sculptural and architectural art: Evaluation and conservation of stone objects with T-ray technology, Sci. Rep., vol. 5, April, p. 14842, 2015.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    C. L. K. Dandolo, K. Fukunaga, Y. Kohzuma, K. Kiriyama, K. Matsuda, and P. U. Jepsen, Inspection of Asian Lacquer Substructures by Terahertz Time-Domain Imaging (THz-TDI), J. Infrared, Millimeter, Terahertz Waves, vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 425–434, Apr. 2017.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    A. J. L. Adam, P. C. M. Planken, S. Meloni, and J. Dik, Terahertz imaging of hidden paint layers on canvas, Opt. Express, vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 3407–3416, 2009.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    W. Köhler, M. Panzer, U. Klotzach, E. Beyer, S. Winner, M. Helm, F. Rutz, C. Jördens, M. Koch, B. Tu, and H. Leitner, Non-destructive investigation of paintings with THz-radiation, in 9th ECNDT, 2006, pp. 1–7.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    C. Seco-Martorell, V. López-Domínguez, G. Arauz-Garofalo, A. Redo-Sanchez, J. Palacios, and J. Tejada, Goya’s artwork imaging with Terahertz waves., Opt. Express, vol. 21, no. 15, pp. 17800–5, Jul. 2013.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    K. Fukunaga and M. Picollo, Terahertz time domain spectroscopy and imaging applied to cultural heritage, in 13th International Symposium on Nondestructive Characterization of Materials (NDCM-XIII) , 2013.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    K. Fukunaga, T. Ikari, and K. Iwai, THz pulsed time-domain imaging of an oil canvas painting: a case study of a painting by Pablo Picasso, Appl. Phys. A, vol. 122, no. 2, p. 106, Feb. 2016.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    A. M. Gomez-Sepulveda, A. I. Hernandez-Serrano, R. Radpour, C. L. Koch-Dandolo, S. C. Rojas-Landeros, L. F. Ascencio-Rojas, A. Zarate, G. Hernandez, R. C. Gonzalez-Tirado, M. Insaurralde-Caballero, and E. Castro-Camus, History of Mexican Easel Paintings from an Altarpiece Revealed by Non-invasive Terahertz Time-Domain Imaging, J. Infrared, Millimeter, Terahertz Waves, vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 403–412, Apr. 2017.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    J. Dong, A. Locquet, M. Melis, and D. S. Citrin, Global mapping of stratigraphy of an old-master painting using sparsity-based terahertz reflectometry, Sci. Rep., no. July, pp. 1–12, 2017.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    K. Fukunaga and M. Picollo, Characterization of works of art, in Terahertz Spectroscopy and Imaging, Springer, 2012.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    J. B. Jackson, Terahertz Time-Domain Reflectometry of Multilayered Systems, The University of Michigan, 2008.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    A. M. Sepúlveda Gómez, Aplicación de la técnica de terahertz para la obtención de imagenes y análisis espectroscópicos de pintura de caballete. Evaluacion de una técnica de análisis no invasivo, Escuela de Conservación y Restauración de Occidente (ECRO), 2015.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Corinna L. Koch Dandolo
    • 1
    • 2
  • Gilda María Pasco Saldaña
    • 3
  • Mirta Asunción Insaurralde Caballero
    • 4
  • Monserrat Alma Gómez Sepúlveda
    • 3
  • Arturo Ignacio Hernández-Serrano
    • 1
  • Alejandro Mesa Orozco
    • 4
  • Joselyn Alvarado Calderón
    • 3
  • Melba Samara Calderón Zárate
    • 3
  • Karen Luna González
    • 3
  • Eunice Corazón Peralta de Dios
    • 3
  • Gerardo Hernández Rosales
    • 3
  • Enrique Castro-Camus
    • 1
  1. 1.Centro de Investigaciones en ÓpticaLeónMexico
  2. 2.C2RMF, Palais du Louvre - Porte des Lions 14ParisFrance
  3. 3.Escuela de Conservación y Restauración de OccidenteAnalco No. 285, Barrio de AnalcoGuadalajaraMexico
  4. 4.El Colegio de Michoacán. Cerro de Nahuatzen 85, FraccLa PiedadMexico

Personalised recommendations