A Model of High-Frequency Self-Mixing in Double-Barrier Rectifier

  • Fabrizio Palma
  • R. Rao


In this paper, a new model of the frequency dependence of the double-barrier THz rectifier is presented. The new structure is of interest because it can be realized by CMOS image sensor technology. Its application in a complex field such as that of THz receivers requires the availability of an analytical model, which is reliable and able to highlight the dependence on the parameters of the physical structure. The model is based on the hydrodynamic semiconductor equations, solved in the small signal approximation. The model depicts the mechanisms of the THz modulation of the charge in the depleted regions of the double-barrier device and explains the self-mixing process, the frequency dependence, and the detection capability of the structure. The model thus substantially improves the analytical models of the THz rectification available in literature, mainly based on lamped equivalent circuits.


THz sensor Double-barrier rectifier Pinned photodiode CMOS 



The authors would like to thank Aptina for allowing the realization of the test structure in the state-of-art CMOS IS technology.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Rome Università La SapienzaRomeItaly

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