Colonialism and Domestic Life: Identities and Foodways in Huarochirí During the Inka Empire

Abstract

Before the arrival of the Spanish, Andean populations were in the process of redefining their own community and ethnic identities following incorporation into the Inka Empire. During the Inka period (1450–1532 CE), new domestic spaces were built in the highland region of Huarochirí. However, this change did not imply a substantial transformation of domestic life or consumption practices. Through archaeological excavations, architectural, ceramic, and zooarchaeological spatial analysis, we argue that everyday domestic life in Ampugasa was not strongly impacted by the Inka presence. Rather, architectural changes and domestic consumption patterns were built upon local practices already existing in Huarochirí.

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Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank the guest editors of this issue, Scotti Norman and Sarah Kennedy, for organizing the session at the Society for American Anthropology 82nd Annual Meeting in Vancouver, B.C., in 2017 where the preliminary version of this paper was presented. This paper was greatly improved by incisive and detailed comments of Tamara Bray, Kylie Quave, and Parker VanValkenburgh. Scotti Norman read previous versions of this paper and was instrumental in the final copy editing and style revisions. Hernández would also like to thank Tom D. Dillehay and Steven A. Wernke, who have read draft versions of this paper and whose comments have increasingly improved its quality. Osores would like to thank the director of the Museo Nacional de Sicán, Carlos Elera, for allowing the comparative use of the museum’s faunal collection. Research in Ampugasa was completed by two grants awarded to Hernández: Wenner-Gren Foundation Dissertation Fieldwork Grant, and National Science Foundation Doctoral Dissertation Improvement Award (BCS-1540467). Initial spatial analysis was conducted under a Mellon Graduate Fellowship at the Center for the Digital Humanities at Vanderbilt University. Last minute additions and bibliographic updates were possible with support from Junior Fellowship of Pre-Columbian Studies at the Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection awarded to Hernández for the 2018–2019 year.

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Hernández Garavito, C., Osores Mendives, C. Colonialism and Domestic Life: Identities and Foodways in Huarochirí During the Inka Empire. Int J Histor Archaeol 23, 832–867 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10761-018-0490-1

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Keywords

  • Identity
  • Spatial analysis
  • Inka colonialism
  • Huarochirí
  • Domestic life