The Emanuel Point II (EP II) shipwreck was part of a 1559 Spanish colonizing expedition along the coast of Florida, under Tristán de Luna y Arellano. Initially discovered by University of West Florida archaeologists in 2006, over the last decade EP II has provided several generations of undergraduates and graduate students a platform for learning practical underwater techniques. Recent funding has allowed year-around work that included uncovering articulated hull structure in the amidships area. Archaeologists recorded the mainmast step and its associated pump well construction. Results from this analysis suggest that EP II was a relatively new ship with unique features, when compared to other known sixteenth-century vessels.
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The author would like to thank the UWF Archaeology Institute and Florida Division of Historical Resources for their financial and equipment contributions to the project. We are extremely grateful to Dr. John Bratten and Dr. Gregory Cook for allowing us the opportunity to conduct this research. We also wish to thank the many graduate and undergraduate students who came out throughout the year to work on the site. Finally, we would like to acknowledge the support by Dr. John Worth, Dr. Filipe Castro, Marijo Gauthier-Bérubé, Meghan Mumford, and our two anonymous reviewers for providing important feedback to improve the quality of this article.
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Bendig, C.D. Amidships Assembly of the Sixteenth-Century Emanuel Point II Shipwreck. Int J Histor Archaeol 23, 513–541 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10761-018-0477-y
- Mainmast step
- Pump well
- Luna expedition
- Sixteenth century