International Journal of Historical Archaeology

, Volume 18, Issue 4, pp 612–628 | Cite as

Schooling on the Missionary Frontier: The Hohi Mission Station, New Zealand

  • Ian W. G. Smith


Schooling was integral to the process of missionization in many of the places where it occurred throughout the world, yet it has scarcely been explored through the archaeological record. Excavations at Hohi, New Zealand, located a school founded by CMS missionaries in 1816, providing a material record that, in conjunction with documentary sources, enables reconstruction of schooling during the earliest stages of cultural engagement in this part of the Pacific. The motivations of both missionaries and indigenous Maori in the establishment and erratic progress of this school are examined, highlighting the role of indigenous agency in the cultural engagements that played out there.


Schooling Missionization Agency New Zealand 



I am grateful to Hugh Rihari of Ngati Torehina for insights into his ancestors who attended the Hohi school, Jessie Garland and Naomi Woods who undertook the artifact analysis, and Angela Middleton and two anonymous referees for comments on the text. The research was funded by a University of Otago Research Grant and the New Zealand Department of Conservation.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Anthropology and ArchaeologyUniversity of OtagoDunedinNew Zealand

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