International Journal of Historical Archaeology

, Volume 18, Issue 3, pp 489–512 | Cite as

Becoming Modern: Hybrid Foodways in Early Modern Tornio, Northern Finland

  • Anna-Kaisa Salmi
  • Annemari Tranberg
  • Mirva Pääkkönen
  • Risto Nurmi


This paper focuses on foodways in a small town in northern Finland between 1621 and 1800 CE. Tornio was founded in 1621in northern Finland, at that time a part of the Swedish kingdom. Tornio was a dynamic town where people of different ethnic origins came together, forming a new urban community and new urban foodways. Archaeological remains of the town’s foodways—animal remains, macrofossils, and ceramics—suggest that the food culture of Tornio was a hybrid of local indigenous and rural traditions and international fashions. The foodways underwent significant changes in the 18th century. The changes were related to modernization and changing human-environmental relationships.


Foodways Hybridization Colonial contact Finland 



The writing of this paper was financially supported by the projects “Food and Identity in Medieval and Early Modern Urban Communities” and “Town, Border, and Material Culture,” funded by the Academy of Finland, and the National Graduate School in Archaeology. We also wish to thank the two anonymous referees for their comments and suggestions on the earlier version of this paper.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anna-Kaisa Salmi
    • 1
  • Annemari Tranberg
    • 1
  • Mirva Pääkkönen
    • 2
  • Risto Nurmi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department ofArchaeologyUniversity of OuluOuluFinland
  2. 2.Department of ArchaeologyUniversity of TurkuTurkuFinland

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