Mobile microlearning targets a new audience of learners: employees and workers outside of offices, using smartphones for flexible, anywhere, anytime training. The term ‘mobile’ emphasizes that the content is made for small screens of smartphones. According to literature and industry reports, micro-lessons are generally between 30 s and 5 min. While research shows that mobile microlearning is a promising approach, it remains unclear how the current systems have been ‘built’: What are the underlying principles of such platforms? The goal of this study was to explore mobile-microlearning platforms and to unpack their inherent design principles. We applied different methods: First, we reviewed literature in both academic publications and industry reports in two iterative rounds. Second, we conducted interviews with industry professionals, e.g., directors and entrepreneurs of mobile- and micro-learning systems. Results show a set of 15 principles regarding technical issues, pedagogical usability of micro-content interaction and sequenced instructional flow. They can be used to detect issues and challenges in existing mobile platforms and may inform meaningful design principles for future development. The results expose that a more critical eye on the learning design implied in the small-screen platforms is needed e.g., future systems may include learning designs for higher order thinking skills.
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Appendix 1: Industry Reports (n = 30)
Appendix 1: Industry Reports (n = 30)
2017, Reap Big with Small—5 Ways Microlearning Gives Better ROI http://blog.commlabindia.com/elearning-development/micro-learning-roi.
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2017, Microlearning gets you the skills https://www.businessmanagementdaily.com/49929/microlearning-gets-you-the-skills.
2017, Micro learning—the big wave of mobile education http://www.elearninglearning.com/2017/micro-learning/mobile-learning/?open-article-id=6379633&article-title=micro-learning—the-big-wave-of-mobile-education&blog-domain=matrixlms.com&blog-title=matrix.
2017, Maximizing microlearning https://swissvbs.com/resource/maximizing-microlearning-guide/.
2017, Learning with Mobile Technologies http://proxy.mul.missouri.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=ip,cookie,url,uid&db=buh&AN=121487776&site=ehost-live&scope=site.
2017, Increase in Digitization to Boost the Corporate E-learning Market | Technavio http://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20171017006271/en/.
2017, How To Use Microlearning To Make Your Corporate Training More Effective https://www.eidesign.net/use-microlearning-to-make-your-corporate-training-more-effective-10-ways/?utm_campaign=elearningindustry.com&utm_source=%2Fcan-use-mobile-learning-apps-microlearning-based-training&utm_medium=link.
2017, Effective learning can’t be a one-size-fits-all approach https://www.hrzone.com/talent/development/effective-learning-cant-be-a-one-size-fits-all-approach.
2017, Coursera focuses on corporate training programmes for future growth http://www.livemint.com/Education/tSGQPwXcSn2eBhz6ZQFI2I/Coursera-focuses-on-corporate-training-programmes-for-future.html.
2017, 5 Rules for Successful Microlearning https://www.td.org/Publications/Blogs/Learning-Technologies-Blog/2017/09/5-Rules-for-Successful-Microlearning.
2017, 12 Microlearning apps that are the perfect fit for your classroom https://www.bookwidgets.com/blog/2017/02/12-microlearning-apps-that-are-the-perfect-fit-for-your-classroom.
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2016, Udemy Thinks It’s Cracked the Future of Online Education http://time.com/4215787/udemy-dennis-yang/.
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2016, Investing at the Intersection of Content and Technology. http://proxy.mul.missouri.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=ip,cookie,url,uid&db=buh&AN=112382187&site=ehost-live&scope=site.
2016, How You Can Use Mobile Learning Apps For Microlearning-Based Training https://elearningindustry.com/can-use-mobile-learning-apps-microlearning-based-training.
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2016, 7 Tips To Apply Microlearning In Online Training http://obsidianlearning.com/blog/7-tips-to-apply-microlearning-in-online-training/.
2015, Why Udemy is One of the Most Transformational Companies of Our Generation https://www.nvp.com/blog/why-udemy-is-one-of-the-most-transformational-companies-of-our-generation/.
2015, Global Mobile Learning Market Report 2015-2020 - Solution, Applications, User Type & Regional Forecasts for the $37 Billion Market Research and Markets; PR Newswire https://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/nh5fhx/mobile_learning.
2015, Coursera’s latest funding shows that (online) classes are still in session http://fortune.com/2015/08/25/coursera-funding-online-education/.
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Jahnke, I., Lee, YM., Pham, M. et al. Unpacking the Inherent Design Principles of Mobile Microlearning. Tech Know Learn 25, 585–619 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10758-019-09413-w
- Mobile-microlearning systems
- Learning outdoors
- Workplace learning
- Mobile devices
- Design principles