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Bringing Abstract Academic Integrity and Ethical Concepts into Real-Life Situations


This paper reports the learning analytics on the initial stages of a large-scale, government-funded project which inducts university students in Hong Kong into consideration of academic integrity and ethics through mobile Augmented Reality (AR) learning trails—Trails of Integrity and Ethics (TIEs)—accessed on smart devices. The trails immerse students in collaborative problem solving tasks centred on ethical dilemmas, addressed in real, actual locations where such dilemmas might arise, with contextually appropriate digital advice and information available on hand. Students play out the consequences of their decisions which help reinforce the links between the theoretical concept of academic integrity and ethics and the practical application in everyday contexts. To evaluate the effectiveness of the TIEs, triangulation of different sets of data is adopted and these datasets include user experience surveys, qualitative feedback, clickstream data, and text mining of pre-/post-trail discussion. Thousands of students’ responses and related data gathered are analysed to ascertain the effectiveness of these mobile learning trails in enhancing students’ awareness of AIE issues. The positive learning outcome of the TIEs suggests that this approach can be adopted and applied to a wider scope of the academic curriculum and co-curriculum.

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The authors would like to thank the University Grants Committee of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Hong Kong Baptist University for funding this project. We would also like to express our gratitude and appreciation to our project collaborators in the three partner institutions, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, The Education University of Hong Kong, and The Hong Kong Polytechnic University. A special vote of thanks should be registered for Ms Grace Ng, Dr. Isaac Chan, Miss Erica Zhong and Mr Rex Chiu of the Centre for Holistic Teaching and Learning at HKBU for their support in this project and in the preparation of this manuscript.

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Correspondence to Theresa Kwong.

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Kwong, T., Wong, E. & Yue, K. Bringing Abstract Academic Integrity and Ethical Concepts into Real-Life Situations. Tech Know Learn 22, 353–368 (2017).

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  • Academic integrity
  • Augmented reality
  • Ethics
  • Learning analytics
  • Learning trail
  • Mobile learning