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Academic Success of General Education College Students Compared to those Screened as Twice-Exceptional and Gifted


In this study, the high school and college GPAs of college students who were screened as twice-exceptional were compared to college students screened as gifted and average college students. From a sample of 32,741 college students, those screened as gifted earned significantly higher means than students screened as twice-exceptional (2e) and the general college population on both high school and college GPA (p < .05); students screened as 2e earned high school and college GPA means higher than those from the general college population (p < .05). No mean college GPA differences were found between students screened as 2e with STEM majors and those with non-STEM majors GPA (p > .05), but STEM majors had higher high school mean GPAs than those with non-STEM majors (p < .001). Additionally, 2e students screened as having a reading learning disability (LD) yielded higher mean high school and college GPAs than 2e students screened as having a math LD (p < .001). Implications for advising are discussed.

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Correspondence to Jiaju Wu.

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I, Jiaju Wu, will be serving as the corresponding author for this manuscript. All of the authors listed have agree to this listing-order and to the submission of the manuscript in its current form. I have assumed responsibility for keeping my coauthors informed of our progress through the editorial review process, the content of the reviews, and any revisions made. The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest. This study has not been published in whole or part elsewhere. There is also no financial interest to report.

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McClurg, V.M., Wu, J. & McCallum, R.S. Academic Success of General Education College Students Compared to those Screened as Twice-Exceptional and Gifted. Innov High Educ 46, 411–427 (2021).

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  • 2e
  • College success
  • STEM