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Aligning Institutional and National Contexts with Internationalization Efforts


In this article we report on our study that explored internationalization in higher education institutions as it relates to two levels of “culture” -- institutional culture and national higher education culture. We examined two leading research-intensive universities, “Coastal University” (Australia) and “Prairie University” (U.S.A.), which have similar institutional cultures (as theorized by Bergquist & Pawlak, 2008) yet reside in different national higher education contexts. Through cross-case analysis, we examined internationalization strategies as they relate to institutional culture and sought to draw inferences about the influence of national higher education cultures on these strategies. We propose the need to examine these cultures when developing internationalization strategies within institutions.

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Fig. 1


  1. Refers to a specific initiative and set of documents which include the institution’s name.

  2. The name of this office has been changed for the sake of anonymity.


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The authors wish to thank the Endeavour Awards (Government of Australia) as well as Mr. Tim Brabazon for the personal and institutional connections necessary for this study.

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Correspondence to Christopher Johnstone.

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Both institutional names have been changed so as to provide anonymity.

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Johnstone, C., Proctor, D. Aligning Institutional and National Contexts with Internationalization Efforts. Innov High Educ 43, 5–16 (2018).

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  • Internationalization
  • Higher Education
  • Institutional Culture
  • Case Study