A Federal Higher Education iPad Mobile Learning Initiative: Triangulation of Data to Determine Early Effectiveness

Abstract

This article presents faculty perceptions of the first month of iPad deployment in a national college system and a case study describing the integration of mobile learning devices in one college, interpreted within the framework of a SWOT analysis. We include a brief history of the implementation; description of the three-tier structure of infrastructure, pedagogy, and content; faculty perceptions; and pedagogy interview findings. We collected data using 1) case study interviews, 2) a faculty dispositional survey, and 3) iPad lead faculty. Overall, the large-scale deployment of iPad mobile learning devices was associated with high faculty engagement in formal and informal professional development activities and adoption of an active student-centered pedagogy. In addition, the program stimulated innovative approaches to technical challenges; and it spurred development and evaluation of new digital content.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1

References

  1. Benton, B. K. (2012). The iPad as an instructional tool: An examination of teacher implementation experiences. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR.

  2. Cavanaugh, C., Dawson, K., & Ritzhaupt, A. D. (2011). An evaluation of the conditions, processes and consequences of laptop computing in K-12 classrooms. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 45, 359–378.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Cavanaugh, C., & Hargis, J. (in press). iPads as cognitive toolboxes in higher education, 12 manuscript pages. In S. Dowling (Ed.) Redefining learning, book 2 of the HCT Educational Technology Series. Abu Dhabi, UAE: HCT Press.

  4. Christensen, R. (1997). Effect of technology integration education on the attitudes of teachers and their students. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). University of North Texas, Denton, TX.

  5. Dawson, K., Cavanaugh, C., & Ritzhaupt, A. (2008). Florida’s Leveraging Laptops initiative and its impact on 480 teaching practices. Journal of Research on Technology in Education, 41, 43–159.

    Google Scholar 

  6. Garcia, E. R. (2011). There’s an app for that: A study of using Apple iPads in a United States History Classroom. Winston-Salem, NC: Wake Forest University, Department of Education.

    Google Scholar 

  7. Heinrich, P. (2012). The iPad as a tool for education: Study of Longfield Academy, Kent. Winchester, UK: NAACE.

    Google Scholar 

  8. Higher Colleges of Technology (2012). 1st Annual Global Mobile Learning Congress 2012 Explores Educations Exciting Future. Retrieved from http://news.hct.ac.ae/2012/09/1st-annual-global-mobile-learning-congress-2012-explores-educations-exciting-future/

  9. Jordan, D. (2010). Faculty attitudes toward online and blended learning (FABOL). Stockton, CA: Unpublished survey. University of the Pacific.

    Google Scholar 

  10. Knezek, G., Christensen, R., Gilmore, E. L., Kim, H., Magoun, A. D., Owens, C., et al. (1999). Teacher and student attitudes toward information technology in four nations. Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference, 1, 916–918.

    Google Scholar 

  11. Koehler, M., & Mishra, P. (2009). What is technological pedagogical content knowledge (TPACK)? Contemporary Issues in Technology and Teacher Education, 9, 60–70.

    Google Scholar 

  12. Maynard, S. (2010). The impact of e-books on young children's reading habits. Publishing Research Quarterly, 26, 236–248.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Ritzhaupt, A. D., Dawson, K., & Cavanaugh, C. (2012). An investigation of factors influencing student use of technology in K-12 classrooms using path analysis. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 46, 229–254.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Swan, K., van ‘t Hooft, M., Kratcoski, A., & Schenker, J. (2007). Ubiquitous computing and changing pedagogical possibilities: Representations, conceptualizations, and uses of knowledge. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 36, 481–515.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. Thornton, P., & Houser, C. (2004). Using mobile phones in education. In Wireless and Mobile Technologies in Education, 2004. Proceedings. The 2nd IEEE International Workshop on Digital Object Identifier (pp. 3–10). IEEE. Available at http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/mostRecentIssue.jsp?reload=true&punumber=9017

  16. Tinnerman, L. (2007). University faculty expressions of computer self-efficacy and personal attitudes regarding the viability of distance learning. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Indiana University of Pennsylvania, Indiana, PA.

  17. Warschauer, M. (2009). Learning to write in the laptop classroom. Writing and Pedagogy, 1, 101–112.

    Google Scholar 

  18. Watson, B. (2009). A comparison of TPRS and traditional foreign language instruction at the high school level. International Journal of Foreign Language Teaching, 5(1), 21–24.

    Google Scholar 

  19. Weiss, R. D. (1994). Modified weekly self-help questionnaire. Unpublished measure, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA.

  20. Windschitl, M., & Sahl, K. (2002). Tracing teachers' use of technology in a laptop computer school: The interplay of teacher beliefs, social dynamics, and institutional culture. American Educational Research Journal, 39, 165–205.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  21. Zurita, G., & Nussbaum, M. (2004). Computer supported collaborative learning using wirelessly interconnected handheld computers. Computers in Education, 42, 289–314.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Jace Hargis.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Hargis, J., Cavanaugh, C., Kamali, T. et al. A Federal Higher Education iPad Mobile Learning Initiative: Triangulation of Data to Determine Early Effectiveness. Innov High Educ 39, 45–57 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10755-013-9259-y

Download citation

Keywords

  • Mobile Learning
  • Active Pedagogy
  • Faculty Development
  • E-learning