Novel Treatment of Experimental Autoimmune Prostatitis by Nanoparticle-Conjugated Autoantigen Peptide T2

Abstract

The exact etiology and pathogenesis of chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) are still unknown, as a result, available therapeutic options for patients are far from satisfactory. Therefore, there is a need to develop a valid therapeutic approach that can ameliorate the manifestations of CP/CPPS. Fifty male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into five groups of ten mice each. All groups except naïve were subcutaneously injected with 0.2 ml of T2 plus complete Freund adjuvant (CFA) on day 0 and 14 to generate valid CP/CPPS model. After successful CP/CPPS induction, model group was injected with 0.2 ml of normal saline while PLGA, PLGA-OVA, and PLGA-T2 groups were administered intravenously with 0.2 ml mixture of PLGA, PLGA-OVA, and PLGA-T2, respectively. Voiding behavior, pain threshold, and hematoxylin and eosin staining were used to assess micturition habits, pain intensity as well as prostate inflammation. Additionally, TNF-α, CRP, and IL-10 levels in plasma were measured by using ELISA kits. Mice administered with PLGA-T2 showed higher pain threshold, lower urine frequencies, mild edema, and inflammation in prostate tissue in comparison to other groups. Moreover, the expression of TNF-α and CRP levels was markedly decreased while IL-10 expression was increased in the PLGA-T2 treatment group as compared to the other groups. Our results showed that nanoparticles conjugated with autoantigen novel peptide T2 could successfully alleviate or even heal CP/CPPS to some extent in mice. This study provides an easy, useful, and economic tool for ameliorating the manifestations of CP/CPPS that will improve the therapeutic approaches.

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Funding

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (grant numbers 30973003; 30901993); and the Administration of TCM of Jiangsu Province (grant number LZ11093).

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Correspondence to Xiaohui Zhou.

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Cheng, Y., Cao, Y., Ihsan, A.U. et al. Novel Treatment of Experimental Autoimmune Prostatitis by Nanoparticle-Conjugated Autoantigen Peptide T2. Inflammation 42, 1071–1081 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10753-019-00968-5

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Key Words

  • Chronic prostatitis
  • Autoimmune disease
  • Nanoparticle
  • T2 peptide