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Caddisflies growth and size along an elevation/temperature gradient

  • Gláucia B. CogoEmail author
  • Jesús Martínez
  • Sandro Santos
  • Manuel A. S. Graça
Primary Research Paper

Abstract

Temperature influences biological systems ranging from biochemical reactions to ecosystem processes. Some traits such as growth, development, and body size are related to temperature. Here, we ask the question whether the size of trichopteran changes along a ~ 1200 elevation gradient, as a predictor of temperature. Additionally, we measured in laboratory growth rates of the caddisfly Schizopelex festiva under three temperature regimes. Specimens of Hydropsyche ambigua, Hydropsyche siltalai, and Rhyacophila adjuncta were smaller at low than at high elevations. For each increase in 2 °C (downwards 400 m in the mountain), there was a 6.6 ± 2.3% decrease in size. Under laboratory conditions, specimens of Schizopelex festiva grew faster at 20 °C (34.7 ± 6.5 µg mg−1 day−1) than at 15 and 10 °C (18.9 ± 4.1 and 16.7 ± 2.3 µg mg−1 day−1, respectively). We conclude that caddisflies are sensitive to temperature along elevation gradients; we predict that ongoing global warming may affect aquatic insects body size and other related parameters such as survival and fitness.

Keywords

Body size Hydropsyche Rhyacophila Schizopelex Temperature 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We are thankful to Olímpia Sobral for field work support.

Funding

This study was funded by the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT) through the strategic project UID/MAR/04292/2013 granted to MARE and by the Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES) through a scholarship granted to Gláucia Bolzan Cogo (PDSE Process no.: 88881.132244/2016-01).

Complaince with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

10750_2019_4082_MOESM1_ESM.docx (462 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 461 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ecology and Evolution Department, Center of Natural and Exact SciencesUniversidade Federal de Santa MariaRio Grande do SulBrazil
  2. 2.Departamento de Zooloxía, Xenética e Antropoloxía FísicaUniversidade de Santiago de CompostelaSantiago de CompostelaSpain
  3. 3.MARE-Marine and Environmental Sciences Centre, Department of Life SciencesUniversity of CoimbraCoimbraPortugal

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