, Volume 831, Issue 1, pp 119–132 | Cite as

Phytoplankton, periphyton, and zooplankton patterns in the pelagic and littoral regions of a large subtropical shallow lake

  • Luciana de Souza CardosoEmail author
  • Denise Matias de Faria
  • Luciane Oliveira Crossetti
  • David da Motta Marques


This study aimed at understanding the patterns among size structure of the phytoplankton, periphyton, and zooplankton considering the spatial variability (pelagic and littoral zones) in a subtropical large shallow polymictic lake (Lake Mangueira, southern Brazil). Water samples were gathered at intervals of 3, 5, and 15 days, for 60 days during summer 2012, for physical, chemical, and biological analyses (abundance and maximum linear dimension of subsurface zooplankton, phytoplankton, and glass slide-colonized periphyton) in both lake zones. A summer storm on the 20th day disturbed the periphyton succession in the littoral and pelagic zones. Phytoplankton size classes varied similarly to the smaller size of zooplankton in the pelagic zone, whereas most of periphyton size classes coincided with the larger zooplankton in the littoral zone, evidencing that zooplankton in Lake Mangueira may exploit both communities and both compartments (littoral and pelagic zones). The study demonstrated that the patterns of those communities are dynamic and closely related to the environmental variability in Lake Mangueira.


Succession rate Disturbance Size structure Maximum linear dimension 



We thank the CAPES (Coordination of Improvement of Higher Education Personnel) for a doctoral grant awarded to the second author. We are grateful to CNPq and Dr. Lucia H.R. Rodrigues for logistical support; Dr. Lacina Maria de Freitas-Teixeira for providing algal raw data; the IPH (Hydraulic Research Institute, at UFRGS) technicians for sampling support; and Gustavo F. Hartmann for zooplankton counting. The English language review was done by Cary Collett.

Supplementary material

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Supplementary material 1 (PDF 77 kb)
10750_2018_3729_MOESM2_ESM.pdf (76 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (PDF 76 kb)
10750_2018_3729_MOESM3_ESM.pdf (76 kb)
Supplementary material 3 (PDF 76 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Luciana de Souza Cardoso
    • 1
    Email author
  • Denise Matias de Faria
    • 2
  • Luciane Oliveira Crossetti
    • 1
  • David da Motta Marques
    • 3
  1. 1.Instituto de BiociênciasUniversidade Federal do Rio Grande do SulPorto AlegreBrazil
  2. 2.Programa de Pós-Graduação em Botânica, Instituto de BiociênciasUniversidade Federal do Rio Grande do SulPorto AlegreBrazil
  3. 3.Instituto de Pesquisas HidráulicasUniversidade Federal do Rio Grande do SulPorto AlegreBrazil

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