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Hydrobiologia

, Volume 816, Issue 1, pp 165–178 | Cite as

Effects of environmental and anthropogenic drivers on the spatial distribution of deep-sea shrimps in the Ligurian and Tyrrhenian Seas (NW Mediterranean)

  • Francesco Masnadi
  • Alessandro Criscoli
  • Luca Lanteri
  • Alessandro Mannini
  • Giacomo C. Osio
  • Paolo Sartor
  • Mario Sbrana
  • Alessandro Ligas
Primary Research Paper

Abstract

In the Mediterranean Sea, Aristaeomorpha foliacea and Aristeus antennatus are the most important target species of deep-sea trawl fisheries. Previous studies performed in several areas of the Mediterranean highlighted the key role played by both environmental factors, such as temperature, and anthropogenic activities, such as fishing, in affecting the abundance and distribution of the two species. The present study is aimed at investigating the effects of environmental and anthropogenic drivers on the abundance and spatial distribution of A. foliacea and A. antennatus in the Ligurian and northern and central Tyrrhenian Seas (NW Mediterranean). To this end, the time series of MEDITS trawl survey data (1994–2015) were analyzed together with environmental variables, namely sea surface temperature, current speed, and fishing effort by means of GAM. The results show that fishing plays an important role in shaping the spatial distribution of the two species. A. antennatus is prevalent where fishing effort is higher; this can be related to the higher resilience of blue and red shrimp to fishery impact. In contrast, high temperatures are associated to the prevalence of A. foliacea. Therefore, the abundance and spatial distribution of this species is mainly driven by temperature.

Keywords

Mediterranean sea Deep sea Trawl survey Red shrimps GAMs 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to the Editor and two anonymous reviewers for their comments and suggestions, which contributed to improvement at the manuscript stage.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centro Interuniversitario di Biologia Marina ed Ecologia ApplicataLeghornItaly
  2. 2.Dipartimento di Biologia AmbientaleUniversity “La Sapienza” RomeRomeItaly
  3. 3.Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra dell’Ambiente e della VitaUniversity of GenoaGenoaItaly
  4. 4.Unit D.02 Water and Marine Resources, Directorate D – Sustainable ResourcesEC Joint Research Centre (JRC)IspraItaly

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