Systematic evaluation of the genus Alburnus (Cyprinidae) with description of a new species

Abstract

The genus Alburnus, a member of the Cyprinidae family, includes 43 species that are widely distributed in Europe and the northern part of Western Asia. To date, inter-specific relationships within the genus have not been assessed in detail. The main objective of this research was to assess phylogenetic relationships of the genus and solve taxonomic uncertainties. For this purpose, the mitochondrial gene cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) was selected and analyzed by Bayesian and maximum-likelihood approaches. Inter- and intra-specific genetic distances of the putative species were calculated. In addition, body shape was quantified by landmark-based geometric morphometrics on the available material from Turkey in order to determine whether the emerging patterns of shape are congruent with the COI phylogeny. Our data suggest multiple synonymies within the genus and the addition of a new species, Alburnus kurui sp. n., from the Dalaman River. We conclude that by including this new species and considering the synonymies, the genus Alburnus now comprises 36 species.

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Acknowledgements

This study was supported by the Hacettepe University Scientific Research Projects Coordination Unit, Sampling Project No. 011 D06 601 007, Sequence Analyses Project No. 1448, and Software Project No. 014 D01 601 015-489. This study is a part of the Ph.D. thesis of Fatih Mangıt. The authors would also like to thank Hacettepe Technology Transfer Center for proof reading service.

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Mangit, F., Yerli, S.V. Systematic evaluation of the genus Alburnus (Cyprinidae) with description of a new species. Hydrobiologia 807, 297–312 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10750-017-3405-y

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Keywords

  • Phylogeny
  • MTDNA
  • COI
  • Geometric morphometrics
  • Alburnus kurui sp. n