, Volume 802, Issue 1, pp 141–154 | Cite as

Mitochondrial and nuclear intraspecific variation in the rusty blenny (Parablennius sanguinolentus, Blenniidae)

  • A. M. Pappalardo
  • S. M. Francisco
  • C. Fruciano
  • C. S Lima
  • V. Pulvirenti
  • C. Tigano
  • J. I. Robalo
  • V. FerritoEmail author
Primary Research Paper


The genetic structure of Parablennius sanguinolentus from the northeastern Atlantic and Mediterranean was assessed using sequences from the mitochondrial control region (CR) and the first intron of the nuclear S7 ribosomal protein gene (S7). Our data show high genetic diversity for the central Mediterranean populations, contrasting with very low diversity in the Atlantic populations and in the westernmost Mediterranean population of Cabo de Gata. Both CR mismatch analysis and neutrality tests provide evidence of demographic and spatial expansion for the Atlantic and central Mediterranean populations. The significant correlation between genetic and geographic distances supported isolation-by-distance for the S7, but not for the CR, suggesting a complex scenario for the history of the rusty blenny in the Mediterranean Sea. The pattern of genetic structure displayed by P. sanguinolentus could be explained as the result of a post-glacial colonization of the Atlantic coast of Europe from the Mediterranean Sea.


Parablennius sanguinolentus Atlantic Mediterranean Mitochondrial control region S7 gene intron Genetic structure 



This study was funded by the Eco-Ethology Research Unit’ Strategic Plan (PEst-OE/MAR/UI0331/2011)—Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia—FCT (partially FEDER funded), now included in the MARE (UID/MAR/04292/2013). SMF was supported by an FCT grant (SFRH/BPD/84923/2012). Funding was also provided by the University of Catania (PRA/2011/020204001104/VF), including part of the results of the doctoral thesis by Valentina Pulvirenti entitled “Struttura genetica del Blenniidae Parablennius sanguinolentus (Pallas, 1814), un valido bioindicatore dell’inquinamento delle acque costiere” ( We dedicate this paper to the loving memory of Professor Vítor Almada, wonderful mentor and dear friend.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. M. Pappalardo
    • 1
  • S. M. Francisco
    • 2
  • C. Fruciano
    • 1
    • 3
  • C. S Lima
    • 2
  • V. Pulvirenti
    • 1
  • C. Tigano
    • 1
  • J. I. Robalo
    • 2
  • V. Ferrito
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Biological, Geological and Environmental Sciences, Section of Animal Biology “Marcello La Greca”University of CataniaCataniaItaly
  2. 2.MARE – Marine and Environmental Sciences CentreISPA – Instituto UniversitárioLisbonPortugal
  3. 3.School of Earth, Environmental & Biological SciencesQueensland University of TechnologyBrisbaneAustralia

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