, Volume 794, Issue 1, pp 223–240 | Cite as

Temporal genetic population structure and interannual variation in migration behavior of Pacific Lamprey Entosphenus tridentatus

  • Benjamin J. Clemens
  • Lance Wyss
  • Rebecca McCoun
  • Ian Courter
  • Lawrence Schwabe
  • Christopher Peery
  • Carl B. Schreck
  • Erin K. Spice
  • Margaret F. Docker
Primary Research Paper


Studies using neutral loci suggest that Pacific lamprey, Entosphenus tridentatus, lack strong spatial genetic population structure. However, it is unknown whether temporal genetic population structure exists. We tested whether adult Pacific lamprey: (1) show temporal genetic population structure; and (2) migrate different distances between years. We non-lethally sampled lamprey for DNA in 2009 and 2010 and used eight microsatellite loci to test for genetic population structure. We used telemetry to record the migration behaviors of these fish. Lamprey were assignable to three moderately differentiated genetic clusters (F ST = 0.16–0.24 for all pairwise comparisons): one cluster was composed of individuals from 2009, and the other two contained individuals from 2010. The F ST value between years was 0.13 and between genetic clusters within 2010 was 0.20. A total of 372 (72.5%) fish were detected multiple times during their migrations. Most fish (69.9%) remained in the mainstem Willamette River; the remaining 30.1% migrated into tributaries. Eighty-two lamprey exhibited multiple back-and-forth movements among tributaries and the mainstem, which may indicate searching behaviors. All migration distances were significantly greater in 2010, when the amplitude of river discharge was greater. Our data suggest genetic structuring between and within years that may reflect different cohorts.


Petromyzontiformes Temporal variation Anadromous Spawning migration 



Funding was provided by the Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission through the Columbia Basin Fish Accords partnership with the Bonneville Power Administration under project 2008-524-00 (Brian McIlraith, project manager). Flight surveys were funded by the U. S. Bureau of Reclamation. The project was also funded by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Tribal Wildlife Grant and the Administration for Native Americans to the Confederated Tribes of the Grand Ronde. Shadia Duery provided significant assistance with the field research. Several individuals from the University of Idaho and Oregon State University provided technical assistance. L. Belonga, S. Starcevich, L. Schultz, and M. Falcy reviewed earlier drafts of this manuscript. Staff from Portland General Electric, Normandeau Associates, Inc., and the Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs assisted with collection and radio-tagging of lamprey. Use of equipment, supplies, or computer software does not constitute endorsement. Any use of trade, firm, or product names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.

Supplementary material

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Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 51 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Benjamin J. Clemens
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Lance Wyss
    • 1
    • 4
  • Rebecca McCoun
    • 5
    • 6
  • Ian Courter
    • 7
    • 8
  • Lawrence Schwabe
    • 5
  • Christopher Peery
    • 7
    • 9
  • Carl B. Schreck
    • 10
  • Erin K. Spice
    • 11
  • Margaret F. Docker
    • 11
  1. 1.Department of Fisheries and Wildlife104 Nash Hall Oregon State UniversityCorvallisUSA
  2. 2.Department of MicrobiologyOregon State UniversityCorvallisUSA
  3. 3.Oregon Department of Fish and WildlifeCorvallisUSA
  4. 4.The Freshwater TrustAshlandUSA
  5. 5.Natural Resources DepartmentThe Confederated Tribes of Grand RondeGrand RondeUSA
  6. 6.North Santiam Watershed CouncilStaytonUSA
  7. 7.Cramer Fish SciencesGreshamUSA
  8. 8.Mount Hood EnvironmentalBoringUSA
  9. 9.U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Idaho Fisheries Research OfficeOrofinoUSA
  10. 10.U.S. Geological Survey, Oregon Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, Department of Fisheries and Wildlife104 Nash Hall Oregon State UniversityCorvallisUSA
  11. 11.Department of Biological SciencesUniversity of ManitobaWinnipegCanada

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