Advertisement

Hydrobiologia

, Volume 792, Issue 1, pp 17–35 | Cite as

Are there species flocks in freshwater diatoms? A review of past reports and a look to the future

  • J. Patrick KociolekEmail author
  • Sarah E. Hamsher
  • Maxim Kulikovskiy
  • Andrew J. Bramburger
Review Paper

Abstract

We review the literature on species flocks in diatoms. Past descriptions of species flocks in diatoms are of few species and do not demonstrate monophyly of the taxa explicitly. The genus Tetralunata, with 19 taxa described from Lake Toba, Indonesia, may be the best example to date of species flocks in freshwater diatoms. Other examples for this group are evaluated, from ancient lakes, river drainages and islands, to more geologically short-lived areas and habitats. Other examples may reside in the Rift Valley lakes of East Africa, Amazonia, lakes Baikal, and Ohrid, and some islands such as New Caledonia, Sulawesi, and Madagascar. It would appear that the phenomenon is not expressed in Hawaii, which has endemic, but very few, species. It is interesting to note that nearly all of the examples of species flocks of extant diatoms are of those groups that possess a raphe system. The role of molecular studies to study species flocks is discussed. Other features not traditionally examined to recognize species-level distinctions (physiology, ecology) which may be useful in the future to help identify species flocks in freshwater diatoms.

Keywords

Amazonia Species flocks Baikal Gomphoneis Tetralunata Gomphonema Gomphocymbella Hawaii Indonesia Lake Toba East Africa 

Notes

Acknowledgements

JPK was supported in part for this work by a Fulbright Scholarship. Partial support for this work came from National Science Foundation grant DEB-0841774 to JPK. Support for MK came from by Russian Science Foundation (14-14-00555). The helpful reviews and comment of three anonymous reviewers is greatly appreciated.

References

  1. Akiba, F. & Y. Yanagisawa, 1986. Taxonomy, morphology and phylogeny of the Neogene diatom zonal marker species in the middle-to-high latitudes of the North Pacific. In Kagami, H., D. E. Karig, W. T. Coulbourn, et al. (eds), Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington: 483–554.Google Scholar
  2. Albrecht, C., S. Trajanovski, K. Kuhn, B. Streit & T. Wilke, 2006. Rapid evolution of an ancient lake species flock: freshwater limpets (Gastropoda: Ancylidae) in the Balkan Lake Ohrid. Organisms, Diversity & Evolution 6: 294–307.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Allcock, A. L. & J. M. Strugnell, 2012. Southern Ocean diversity: new paradigms from molecular ecology. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 27: 520–528.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Amato, A., W. H. C. F. Kooistra, J. H. L. Ghiron, D. G. Mann, T. Pröschoid & M. Montresor, 2007. Reproductive isolation among sympatric cryptic species in marine diatoms. Protist 158: 193–207.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Annenkova, N. V., G. Hansen, Ø. Moestrup & K. Rengefors, 2015. Recent radiation in a marine and freshwater dinoflagellate species flock. ISME Journal 2015: 1–14.Google Scholar
  6. Avise, J. C., 2000. Phylogeography. The history and formation of species. Harvard University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  7. Bahls, L. L., 2015. Kurtkrammeria, a new genus of freshwater diatoms (Bacillariophyta, Cymbellaceae) separated from Encyonopsis. Nova Hedwigia 101: 165–190.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Baldwin, B. G. & M. J. Sanderson, 1998. Age and rate of diversification of the hawaiian silversword alliance (compositae). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 95: 9402–9406.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Barlow, G. W., 1990. The panoply of Lake Tanganyika cichlids. Environmental Biology of Fishes 27: 235–239.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Benson, M. E., J. P. Kociolek, S. A. Spaulding & D. M. Smith, 2012. Pre-neogene (>23.8 MA) biochronology of non-marine diatoms, with an account of the late Eocene flora of the Florissant Formation, central Colorado, USA. Stratigraphy 9: 131–152.Google Scholar
  11. Benzing, D. H., 2000. Bromeliaceae: profile of an adaptive radiation. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Beszteri, B., É. Acs & L. K. Medlin, 2005. Ribosomal DNA sequences variation among sympatric strains of the Cyclotella meneghiniana complex (Bacillariophyceae) reveals cryptic diversity. Protist 156: 317–333.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Bramburger, A. J., G. D. Haffner, P. B. Hamilton, F. Hinz & P. E. Hehanussa, 2006. An examination of species within the genus Surirella from the Malili Lakes, Sulawesi Island, Indonesia, with descriptions of 11 new taxa. Diatom Research 21: 1–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Bramburger, A. J., P. B. Hamilton, P. E. Hehanussa & G. D. Haffner, 2008. Processes regulating the community composition and relative abundance of taxa in the diatom communities of the Malili Lakes, Sulawesi Island, Indonesia. Hydrobiologia 615: 215–224.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Brawand, D., et al., 2014. The genomic substrate for adaptive radiation in African cichlid fish. Nature 513: 375–381.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Bukhtiyarova, L. N. & G. V. Pomazkina, 2013. Bacillariophyta of Lake Baikal. Genera Baikalia, Slavia, Navigeia, Placogeia, Grachevia, Goldfishia, Nadiya, Cymbelgeia, Vol. 1. Lviv Lega-Press, New York.Google Scholar
  17. Burliga, A. L., J. P. Kociolek, S. E. Salomoni & D. Figueiredo, 2013. A new genus and species in the diatom Family Eunotioiaceae Kützing (Bacillariophyceae) from the Amazonian hydrographic region, Brazil. Phytotaxa 79: 47–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Cantonati, M., H. Lange-Bertalot & N. Angeli, 2010. Neidiomorpha gen. nov. (Bacillariophyta): A new freshwater diatom genus separated from Neidium Pfitzer. Botanical Studies 51: 195–202.Google Scholar
  19. Chown, S. L., A. Clarke, C. I. Fraser, S. G. Cary, K. L. Moon & M. A. McGeoch, 2015. The changing form of Antarctic biodiversity. Nature 522: 431–438.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Clark, A. & I. A. Johnston, 1996. Evolution and adaptive radiation of Antarctica fishes. Tree 11: 1–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Cleve, P. T., 1894. Synopsis of the naviculoid diatoms, Part I. Kongliga Svenska–Vetenskaps Akademiens Handlingar 26: 1–194.Google Scholar
  22. Cocquyt, C., 1998. Diatoms from the northern basin of Lake Tanganyika. Bibliotheca Diatomologica 39: 1–274.Google Scholar
  23. Cocquyt, C., 2000. Biogeography and species diversity of diatoms in the Northern Basin of Lake Tanganyika. Advances in Ecological Research 31: 125–150.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Cocquyt, C. & R. Jahn, 2005. Rare Surirella taxa (Bacillariophyta) from East Africa described by Otto Müller: typifications, recombinations, new names, annotations and distributions. Willdenowia 35: 359–371.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Cocquyt, C. & R. Jahn, 2007a. Surirella nyassae O. Müller, S. malombae O. Mülller, S. chepurnovii Cocquyt & R. Jahn sp. nov. (Bacillariophyta) – typification and variability of three closely related East African diatoms. Nova Hedwigia 84: 529–548.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Cocquyt, C. & R. Jahn, 2007b. Surirella engleri O. Müller – a study of its types, infraspecific variability and distribution. Diatom Research 22: 1–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Cocquyt, C. & R. Jahn, 2007c. Taxa related to Surirella ovalis from Tanzania, East Africa: typification of O. Müller’s taxa and description of a new species. Cryptogamie Algologie 28: 107–116.Google Scholar
  28. Cocquyt, C. & R. Jahn, 2007d. Surirella fuellebornii (Bacillariophyta) and related taxa: lectotypification and distribution. Systematics and Geography of Plants 77: 213–228.Google Scholar
  29. Cocquyt, C. & W. Ryken, 2016. Afrocymbella barkeri sp. nov. (Bacillariophyta), a common phytoplankton component of Lake Challa, a deep crater lake in East Africa. European Journal of Phycology 51: 217–225.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Cocquyt, C., W.-H. Kusber & R. Jahn, 2008. Otto Müller’s Surirella taxa (Bacillariophyta) from East Africa, based on a historical collection kept at the Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin-Dahlem. Afrika Focus 21: 65–75.Google Scholar
  31. Convey, P., 2010. Terrestrial biodiversity in Antarctica – recent advances and future challenges. Polar Science 4: 135–147.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Day, J., R. Bills & J. Friel, 2009. Lacustrine radiations in African Synodontis catfish. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22: 805–817.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Degerlund, M., S. Huseby, A. Zingone, D. Sarno & B. Landfald, 2012. Functional diversity in cryptic species of Chaetoceros socialis Lauder (Bacillariophyceae). Journal of Plankton Research 34: 416–431.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Douglas, M. R., P. C. Brunner & L. Bernatchez, 1999. Do assemblages of Coregonus (Teleostei: Salmoniformes) in the central alpine region of Europe represent species flocks? Molecular Ecology 8: 589–603.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Duda Jr., T. F. & E. Rolán, 2004. Explosive radiation of Cape Verde Conus, a marine species flock. Molecular Ecology 14: 267–272.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Dybowsky, W., 1912. Mollusken aus Uferregion des Baikalsees. Proceedings of Zoological Museum of AS 8: 123–143.Google Scholar
  37. Eastman, J. T. & A. R. McCune, 2000. Fishes on the Antarctic continental shelf: evolution of a marine species flock? Journal of Fisheries Biology 57: 84–102.Google Scholar
  38. Edlund, M. B. & N. Soninkhishig, 2009. The Navicula reinhardtii species flock (Bacillariophyceae) in ancient Lake Hovsgol, Mongolia: description of four taxa. Nova Hedwigia, Beiheft 135: 239–256.Google Scholar
  39. Ehrenberg, C. G., 1832. Über die Entwicklung und Lebensdauer der Infusionsthiere; nebst ferneren Beiträgen zu einer Vergleichung ihrer organischen Systeme. Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1831: 1–154.Google Scholar
  40. Esquer-Garrigos, Y. S., 2013. Multi-scale evolutionary analysis of a high altitude freshwater species flock: diversification of the agassizii complex (Orestias, Cyprinodontidae, Teleostei) across the Andean Altiplano. Doctoral Thesis, Museum national D’Histoire Naturella, Paris.Google Scholar
  41. Falkowski, P., R. J. Scholes, E. Boyle, J. Canadell, D. Cranfeld, J. Elser, N. Gruber, K. Hibbard, P. Högberg, S. Linder, F. T. Mackenzie, B. Moore, T. Pedersen, Y. Rosenthal, S. Seitzinger, V. Smetacek & W. Steffen, 2000. The global carbon cycle: a test of our knowledge of earth as a system. Science 290: 291–296.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Faustová, M., V. Sacherová, H. D. Sheets, J.-E. Svensson & D. J. Taylor, 2010. Coexisting cyclic parthenogens comprise a holocene species flock in Eubosmina. PLoS ONE 5: e11623. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0011623.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Fenchel, T. & B. J. Finlay, 2004. The ubiquity of small species: patterns of local and global diversity. Bioscience 54: 777–784.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Finlay, B. J., 2002. Global dispersal of free-living microbial eukaryote species. Science 296: 1061–1063.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Finlay, B. J. & K. J. Clarke, 1999. Ubiquitous dispersal of microbial species. Nature 400: 828.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Finlay, B. J., E. B. Monaghan & S. C. Maberly, 2002. Hypothesis: the rate and scale of dispersal of freshwater diatom species is a function of their global abundance. Protist 153: 261–273.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Flower R. J., G. V. Pomazkina, E. Rodionova & D. M. Williams, 2004. Local and meso-scale diversity patterns of benthic diatoms in Lake Baikal. Proceedings of 17th International Diatom Symposium: 69–92.Google Scholar
  48. Foged, N., 1971. Diatoms in Thailand. Nova Hedwigia 22: 267–369.Google Scholar
  49. Foged, N., 1981. Diatoms in Alaska. Bibliotheca Diatomologica 53: 1–317.Google Scholar
  50. Fourtanier, E. & J. P. Kociolek, 2011. Catalogue of Diatom Names. http://research.calacademy.org/research/diatoms/names/index.asp.
  51. Frenguelli, J., 1941. Diatomeas del Río de la Plata. Revista del Museo de la Plata, Nueva Serie, Sección Botánica 3: 213–334.Google Scholar
  52. Fry, B. & S. C. Wainright, 1991. Diatom sources of 13C-rich carbon in marine food webs. Marine Ecology Progress Series 76: 149–157.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Geitler, L., 1977. Zur Entwicklungsgeschichte der Epithemiaceen Epithemia, Rhopalodia und Denticula (Diatomophyceae) und ihre vermutlich symbiotischen Sphäroidkörper. Plant Systematics and Evolution 128: 259–275.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Goodman, S. M. & J. P. Benstead, 2004. The Natural History of Madagascar. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.Google Scholar
  55. Grant, P., 1999. Ecology and Evolution of Darwin’s Finches. Princeton University Press, Princeton.Google Scholar
  56. Greenwood, P. H., 1974. The Cichlid Fishes of Lake Victoria, East Africa: the Biology and Evolution of a Species Flock. British Museum (Natural History), London.Google Scholar
  57. Greenwood, P. H., 1984. What is a species flock? In Echelle, A. A. & I. Kornfield (eds), Evolution of Fish Species Flocks. University of Maine at Orono Press, Orono: 13–19.Google Scholar
  58. Grunow, A., 1878. Algen und Diatomaceen aus dem Kaspischen Meere. In Schneider, O. (ed.), Naturwissenschafte Beiträge zur Kenntniss der Kaukasusländer, auf Grund seiner Sammelbeute. Burdach, Dresden: 98–132.Google Scholar
  59. Haffner, G. D., P. E. Hehanussa & D. Hartoto, 2001. The biology and physical processes of large lakes of Indonesia: Lakes Matano and Towuti. In Munawar, M. & R. E. Hecky (eds), The Great Lakes of the World. Food-web, Health and Integrity. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden: 183–192.Google Scholar
  60. Hamsher, S. E., C. L. Graeff, J. G. Stepanek & J. P. Kociolek, 2014. Variation in valve and girdle band morphology in freshwater Denticula (Bacillariophyceae) species: Implications for the systematic position of the genus including the description of Tetralunata gen. nov. (Epithemiaceae, Rhopalodiales). Plant Ecology and Evolution 147: 346–365.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Hamsher, S. E. & G. W. Saunders, 2014. A floristic survey of marine tube-forming diatoms reveals unexpected diversity and extensive co-habitation among genetic lines of the Berkeleya rutilans complex (Bacillariophyceae). European Journal of Phycology 49: 47–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Harwood, D. M., 1999. Diatomite. In Stoermer, E. F. & J. P. Smol (eds), The Diatoms: Applications for the Environmental and Earth Sciences. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  63. Herder, F., A. W. Nolte, J. Pfaender, J. Schwarzer, R. K. Hadiaty & U. K. Schliewen, 2006. Adaptive radiation and hybridization in Wallace’s dreamponds: evidence from sailfin silversides in the Malili lakes of Sulawesi. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 273: 2209–2217.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Herder, F., J. Pfaender & U. K. Schliewen, 2008. Adaptive sympatric speciation of polychromatic “roundfin” sailfin silverside fish in Lake Matano (Sulawesi). Evolution 62: 2178–2195.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Hodges, S. A. & M. L. Arnold, 1994. Columbines: A geographically widespread species flock. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 91: 5129–5132.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Hoffmann, N., K. Reicherter, T. Fernández-Steeger & C. Grützner, 2010. Evolution of ancient Lake Ohrid: a tectonic perspective. Biogeosciences 7: 3377–3386.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Hustedt, F., 1927. Bacillariales aus dem Aokikosee in Japan. Archiv Für Hydrobiologie 18: 155–172.Google Scholar
  68. Hustedt, F., 1928. Die Kieselalgen Deutschlands, Österreichs und der Schweiz unter Berücksichtigung der übrigen Länder Europas sowie der angrenzenden Meeresgebiete. In Rabenhorst, L. (ed.), Kryptogamenflora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz, Vol. 1. Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft, Leipzig: 273–464.Google Scholar
  69. Hustedt, F., 1930. Bacillariophyta (Diatomeae). In Pascher, A. (ed.), Die Süsswasser-Flora Mitteleuropas, Zweite Auflage, Zweite ed. Gustav Fischer, Jena.Google Scholar
  70. Hustedt, F., 1937–1938. Systematische und ökologie Untersuchungen über die Diatomeen-Flora von Java, Bali und Sumatra nach dem Material der Deutsche Limnologischen Sunda-Expedition. Archiv für Hydrobiologie, Supplement 15: 131–506.Google Scholar
  71. Hustedt, F., 1942. Susswasser-Diatomeen des indomalayischen Archipels und der Hawaii-Inseln. Internationale Revue der gesamten Hydrobiologie und Hydrographie 42: 1–252.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Hustedt, F., 1964. Die Kieselalgen Deutschlands, Österreichs und der Schweiz unter Berücksichtigung der übrigen Länder Europas sowie der angrenzenden Meeresgebiete. In Rabenhorst, L. (ed.), Kryptogamen Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz. Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft m.b.h, Leipzig: 557–816.Google Scholar
  73. Hustedt, F., 1965. Neue und wenig bekannte diatomeen. IX. Süßwasserdiatomeen aus Brasilien, insbesondere des Amazonasgebietes. Internationale Revue der gesamten Hydrobiologie 50: 391–410.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Johns, G. C. & J. C. Avise, 1998. Test for ancient species flocks based on molecular phylogenetic appraisals of Sebastes rockfishes and other marine fishes. Evolution 52: 1135–1146.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Jüttner, I., K. Krammer, B. Van de Vijver, A. Tuji, B. Simkhada, S. Gurung & E. J. Cox, 2010. Oricymba (Cymbellales, Bacillariophyceae), a new cymbelloid genus and three new species from the Nepalese Himalaya. Phycologia 49: 407–423.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Karthick, B., P. B. Hamilton & J. P. Kociolek, 2012. Taxonomy and biogeography of some Surirella Turpin (Bacillariophyceae) taxa from peninsular India. Nova Hedwigia, Beihefte 141: 81–116.Google Scholar
  77. Karthick, B. & J. P. Kociolek, submitted. The earliest freshwater gomphonemoid diatoms (Bacillariophyceae: Cymbellales, Gomhonemataceae): a new freshwater gomphoenmoid diatom genus from India, with the description of a new species from the Eastern Ghats. Systematic Botany.Google Scholar
  78. Katsev, S., S. A. Crowe, A. Mucci, B. Sundby, S. Nomosatryo, G. D. Haffner & D. A. Fowle, 2010. Mixing and its effects on biogeochemistry in the persistently stratified, deep, tropical Lake Matano, Indonesia. Limnology and Oceanography 55: 763–776.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Kavulic, K. J. & J. P. Kociolek, 2014. A morphological investigation of Neidium temperei Reimer (Bacillariophyta), and a consideration of its systematic placement. Diatom Research 29: 175–181.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Kelly J. R., C. S. Davis & S. J. Cibik, 1998. Conceptual food web model for Cape Cod Bay, with associated environmental interactions. Boston: Massachusetts Water Resources Authority. Report ENQUAD 98–04.Google Scholar
  81. Kermarrec, L., L. Ector, A. Bouchez, F. Rimet & L. Hoffmann, 2011. A preliminary phylogenetic analysis of the Cymbellales based on 18S rDNA gene sequencing. Diatom Research 26: 305–315.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Khursevich, G. K. & G. P. Chernyaeva, 1989. Ectodictyonaceae – new family of the class Centrophyceae. Botanischki Zhurnal 74: 1034–1035.Google Scholar
  83. Khursevich, G. K. & G. L. Chernyaeva, 1994. A new species of the genus Concentrodiscus (Bacillariophyta) from the Miocene deposits of the Transbaikal region. Botanicheskii Zhurnal 79: 107–109.Google Scholar
  84. Khursevich, G. K. & S. L. VanLandingham, 1995. Morphology and stratigraphy of some Mesodictyon species (Bacillariophyta) from upper Miocene freshwater deposits of Idaho and Nevada, USA. Nova Hedwigia 60: 467–478.Google Scholar
  85. Khursevich, G. K. & S. A. Fedenya, 2006. Morphology of new freshwater species of Actinocyclus (Bacillariophyta) from the upper Miocene sediments of Lake Baikal, Siberia. Algologia 16: 384–394.Google Scholar
  86. Khursevich, G. K. & J. P. Kociolek, 2012. A preliminary, worldwide inventory of the extinct, freshwater fossil diatoms from the orders Thalassiosirales, Stephanodiscales, Paraliales, Aulacoseirales, Melosirales, Coscindiscales, and Biddulphiales. Nova Hedwigia Beihefte 141: 315–364.Google Scholar
  87. Khursevich, G. K., S. A. Fedenya, E. B. Karabanov, D. F. Williams & M. I. Kuzmin, 2000. Stephanopsis Khursevich et Fedenya – new genus of class Centrophyceae (Bacillariophyta) from the Pliocene deposits of Lake Baikal (Russia). Algologia 10: 106–109.Google Scholar
  88. Khursevich, G. K., J. P. Kociolek, T. Iwashita, S. A. Fedenya, M. I. Kuzmin, T. Kawai, D. F. Williams, E. B. Karabanov, A. A. Prokopenko & K. Minoura, 2004. Mesodictyopsis Khursevich, Iwashita, Kociolek & Fedenya – new genus of class Centrophyceae (Bacillariophyta) from Upper Miocene sediments of Lake Baikal, Siberia. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 55: 336–355.Google Scholar
  89. Kociolek, J. P. & S. E. Hamsher, 2016. Diatoms: by, with and as endosymbionts. In Grube, M., J. Seckbach & L. Muggia (eds), Algae and Cyanobacteria Symbiosis. McGraw-Hill, New York.Google Scholar
  90. Kociolek, J. P. & J. C. Kingston, 1999. Taxonomy, ultrastructure and distribution of gomphonemoid diatoms (Bacillariophyceae: Gomphonemataceae) from rivers of the United States. Canadian Journal of Botany 77: 686–705.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. Kociolek, J. P. & K. Rhode, 1998. Raphe vestiges in “Asterionella” species from Madagascar: Evidence for a polyphyletic origin of the araphid diatoms? Cryptogamie Algologie 19: 57–74.Google Scholar
  92. Kociolek, J. P. & B. H. Rosen, 1984. Observations on North American Gomphoneis (Bacillariophyceae). I. Valve ultrastructure of G. mammilla with comment on the taxonomic status of the genus. Journal of Phycology 20: 361–368.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. Kociolek, J. P. & E. F. Stoermer, 1986. Observations on North American Gomphoneis (Bacillariophyceae). II. Descriptions and ultrastructure of two new species. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 105: 141–151.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. Kociolek, J. P. & E. F. Stoermer, 1987. Ultrastructure of Cymbella sinuata (Bacillariophyceae) and its allies, and their transfer to Reimeria, gen. nov. Systematic Botany 12: 451–459.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. Kociolek, J. P. & E. F. Stoermer, 1988a. A preliminary investigation of the phylogenetic relationships of the freshwater, apical pore field-bearing cymbelloid and gomphonemoid diatoms (Bacillariophyceae). Journal of Phycology 24: 377–385.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. Kociolek, J. P. & E. F. Stoermer, 1988b. Taxonomy, ultrastructure, and distribution of Gomphoneis herculeana, G. eriense and closely related species. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 140: 24–97.Google Scholar
  97. Kociolek, J. P. & E. F. Stoermer, 1988c. Observations on North American Gomphoneis (Bacillariophyceae). IV. Ultrastructure and distribution of Gomphoneis elegans. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 107: 386–396.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. Kociolek, J. P. & E. F. Stoermer, 1989. Phylogenetic relationships and evolutionary history of the diatom genus Gomphoneis. Phycologia 28: 438–454.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. Kociolek, J. P. & E. F. Stoermer, 1990. Diatoms from the Upper Miocene Hot Springs Limestone, SnakeRiver Plain, Idaho (U.S.A.). Micropaleontology 26: 331–352.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. Kociolek, J. P. & E. F. Stoermer, 1993a. Freshwater gomphonemoid diatom phylogeny: Preliminary results. Hydrobiologia 269(270): 31–38.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. Kociolek, J. P. & E. F. Stoermer, 1993b. The diatom genus Gomphocymbella O. Müller: Taxonomy, ultrastructure and phylogenetic relationships. Nova Hedwigia, Beihefte 106: 71–91.Google Scholar
  102. Kociolek, J. P., D. Lyon & S. A. Spaulding, 2001. Revision of the South American species of Actinella Lewis. In Jahn, R., J. P. Kociolek, A. Witkowski & P. Compere (eds), Lange-Bertalot Festschrift. Studies on Diatoms. Dedicated to Prof. Dr. h.c. Horst Lange-Bertalot on the Occasion of his 65th Birthday. Gantner, Ruggell: 131–166.Google Scholar
  103. Kociolek, J. P., S. A. Spaulding, K. Sabbe & W. Vyverman, 2004. New Gomphonema Ehrenberg (Bacillariophyta) species from Tasmania. Phycologia 43: 427–444.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. Kociolek, J. P., M. S. Kulikovskiy & C. N. Solak, 2013. The diatom genus Gomphoneis Cleve (Bacillariophyceae) from Lake Baikal, Russia. Phytotaxa 154: 1–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. Kociolek, J. P., E. C. Theriot, D. M. Williams, M. Julius, E. F. Stoermer & J. C. Kingston, 2015. Centric and araphid diatoms. In: Wehr, J., R. Sheath & J.P. Kociolek (eds), Freshwater Algae of North America, Chap. 15, 2nd Edn. New York: Academic Press: 651–706.Google Scholar
  106. Kociolek, J. P., J. C. Woodward & C. Graeff, 2016. New and endemic Gomphonema C.G. Ehrenberg (Bacillariophyceae) species from Hawaii. Nova Hedwigia 102: 141–171.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. Kociolek, J. P., K. Kopalova, S. E. Hamsher, T. Kohler, B. Van de Vijver, P. Convey & D. McKnight, 2016. An extreme case of endemism in Antarctica: the freshwater diatom genus Luticola. Polar Biology.Google Scholar
  108. Kontula, T., S. V. Kirilchik & R. Väinölö, 2003. Endemic diversification of the monophyletic cottoid fish species flock in Lake Baikal explored with mtDNA sequencing. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 27: 143–155.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. Kottelat, M., 1991. Sailfin silversides (Pisces: Telmatherinidae) of Lake Matano, Sulawesi, Indonesia, with descriptions of six new species. Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters 1: 321–344.Google Scholar
  110. Krammer, K., 1997a. Die cymbelloiden Diatomeen – Eine Monographie der weltweit bekannten Taxa. Teil 1. Allgemeines und Encyonema Part. Bibliotheca Diatomologica 36: 1–382.Google Scholar
  111. Krammer, K., 1997b. Die cymbelloiden Diatomeen. Ein Monographie der weltweit bekannten Taxa. Teil 2. Encyonema part, Encyonopsis and Cymbellopsis. Bibliotheca Diatomologica 36: 1–463.Google Scholar
  112. Krammer, K., 2002. Cymbella. Diatoms of Europe 3: 1–584.Google Scholar
  113. Krammer, K., 2003. Cymbopleura, Delicata, Navicymbula, Gomphocymbellopsis, Afrocymbella. Diatoms of Europe 4: 1–529.Google Scholar
  114. Krammer, K. & H. Lange-Bertalot, 1985. Naviculaceae Neue und wenig bekannte Taxa, neue Kombinationen und Synonyme sowie Bemerkungen zu einigen Gattungen. Bibliotheca Diatomologica 9: 5–230.Google Scholar
  115. Krammer, K. & H. Lange-Bertalot, 1986. Bacillariophyceae 2. Teil: Bacillariophyceae, Naviculaceae. In Ettl H, J. Gerloff, H. Heynig, D. Mollenhauer (eds), Süsswasserflora von Mitteleuropa, Band 2/1. G. Fischer Verlag, Jena.Google Scholar
  116. Krammer, K. & H. Lange-Bertalot, 1987. Morphology and taxonomy of Surirella ovalis and related taxa. Diatom Research 2: 77–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  117. Krammer K. & H. Lange-Bertalot, 1988. Bacillariophyceae 2. Teil: Bacillariophyceae, Epithemiaceae, Surirellaceae. In Ettl H, J. Gerloff, H. Heynig, D. Mollenhauer (eds), Süsswasserflora von Mitteleuropa, Band 2/2. G. Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart & New York.Google Scholar
  118. Kulikovskiy, M. S., H. Lange-Bertalot, D. Metzeltin & A. Witkowski, 2012. Lake Baikal: hotspot of endemic diatoms. Iconographia Diatomologica 23: 1–686.Google Scholar
  119. Kulikovskiy, M., E. Gusev, S. Andreeva & N. Annenkova, 2014. Phylogenetic position of the diatom genus Geissleria Lange-Bertalot & Metzeltin and description of two new species from Siberian mountain lakes. Phytotaxa 177: 249–260.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  120. Kulikovskiy, M. S., A. Glushchenko & J. P. Kociolek, 2015a. The diatom genus Oricymba in Vietnam and Laos with description of one new species and a consideration of its systematic position. Phytotaxa 227: 120–134.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  121. Kulikovskiy, M. S., H. Lang-Bertalot & I. V. Kuznetsova, 2015b. Lake Baikal: hotspot of endemic diatoms: II. Iconographia Diatomologica 26: 1–656.Google Scholar
  122. Kulikovskiy, M. S. H., A. Lange-Bertalot, G. K. Witkowski, J. P. Khursevich & P. Kociolek, 2015c. Eunotia species (Bacillariophyta) new to science from Lake Baikal with comments on morphology and biogeography of the genus. Phycologia 54: 248–260.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. Lange-Bertatlot, H. & D. Metzeltin, 1996. Indicators of oligotrophy – 800 taxa representative of three ecologically distinct lake types, Carbonate buffered – Oligodystrophic – Weakly buffered soft water. Iconographia Diatomologica 2: 1–390.Google Scholar
  124. Lange-Bertalot, H. & G. Moser, 1994. Brachysira. Monographie der Gattung. Bibliotheca Diatomologica 29: 1–212.Google Scholar
  125. Lange-Bertalot, H. & R. Simonsen, 1978. A taxonomic revision of the Nitzschia lanceolatae Grunow. Bacillaria 1: 11–112.Google Scholar
  126. Lange-Bertalot, H., P. Cavacini, N. Tagliaventi & S. Alfinito, 2003. Diatoms of Sardinia. Rare and 76 new species in rock pools and other ephemeral waters. Iconographia Diatomologica 12: 1–438.Google Scholar
  127. Lecointre, G., N. Améziane, M-C. Boisselier, C. Bonillo, F. Busson, R. Causse, A. Chenuil, A. Couloux, J-P. Coutaneau, C. Cruaud, C. d’Udekem d’Acoz, C. De Ridder, G. Denys, A. Dettaï, G. Duhamel, M. Eléaume, J-P. Féeral, C. Gallut, C. Havermans, C. Held, L. Hemery, A-C. Lautredou, P. Martin, C. Ozouf-Costaz, B. Pierrat, P. Pruvost, N. Puillandre, S. Samadi, T. Saucede, C. Schubart & B. David, 2013. Is the species flock concept operational. The Antarctic shelf case. PLoS ONE 8: e68787.Google Scholar
  128. Lefebvre, K. A. & A. Robertson, 2010. Domoic acid and human exposure risks: a review. Toxicon 56: 218–230.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  129. Levkov, Z. & D. M. Williams, 2011. Fifteen new diatom (Bacillariophyta) species from Lake Ohrid, Macedonia. Phytotaxa 30: 1–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  130. Levkov, Z., S. Krstic, D. Metzeltin & T. Nakov, 2007. Diatoms of Lakes Prespa and Ohrid. About 500 taxa from ancient lake system. Iconographia Diatomologica 16: 1–613.Google Scholar
  131. Levkov, Z., D. Metzeltin & A. Pavlov, 2013. Luticola and Luticolopsis. Diatoms of Europe 7: 1–698.Google Scholar
  132. Levkov, Z., D. Mitić-Kopanja & E. Reichardt, 2016. The diatom genus Gomphonema from the Republic of Macedonia. Diatoms of Europe 8: 1–552.Google Scholar
  133. Liem, K., 1974. Evolutionary strategies and morphological innovations: cichlid pharyngeal jaws. Systematic Zoology 22: 425–441.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  134. Liu, Q., J. P. Kociolek, B. Li, Q. You, & Q. Wang, in press. The diatom genus Neidium Pfitzer (Bacillariophyceae) from Zoige Wetland, China. Bibliotheca Diatomologica.Google Scholar
  135. Lowe, R. L., A. R. Sherwood & J. R. Ress, 2009. Freshwater species of Achnanthes Bory from Hawaii. Diatom Research 24: 327–340.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  136. Lowe, R. L., J. P. Kociolek & B. Van de Vijver, 2013. Two new Orthoseira species (Bacillariophyceae) from lava tubes. Phytotaxa 111: 39–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  137. Lowe, R. L., J. P. Kociolek, J. R. Johansen, B. Van de Vijver, H. Lange-Bertalot & K. Kopalova, 2014. Humidophila gen. nov., a new genus for a group of diatoms (Bacillariophyta) formerly within the genus Diadesmis: species from Hawai’i, including one new species. Diatom Research 29: 351–360.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  138. Main, S. P., 2003. Diprora haenaensis gen. et sp. nov., a filamentous, pseudoaerial, araphid diatom from Kaua’i (Hawaiian Islands). Diatom Research 18: 259–272.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  139. Maillard, R., 1978. Contribution a la connaissance de la diatomées d’eau douce da la Nouvelle-Calédonie. ORSTOM, Series Hydrobiologie 12: 143–172.Google Scholar
  140. Mann, D. G., 1999. The species concept in diatoms. Phycologia 38: 437–495.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  141. Martens, K. & I. Schön, 1999. Crustacean biodiversity in ancient lakes: a review. Crustaceana 72: 899–910.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  142. McCartney, M. A., J. Acevedo, C. Heredia, C. Rico, B. Quenoville, E. Bermingham & W. O. McMilland, 2003. Genetic mosaic in a marine species flock. Molecular Ecology 12: 2963–2973.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  143. McCune, A. R., 1987. Toward the phylogeny of a fossil species flock: Seminotid fishes from a lake deposit in the Early Jurassic Towaco Formation, Newark Basi. Bulletin of the Peabody Museum of Natural History 43: 1–108.Google Scholar
  144. Mereschkowsky, C., 1903. Le types de l’endochrome chez les diatomées. Botanicheskiia Zapiski 21: 1–193.Google Scholar
  145. Metzeltin, D. & H. Lange-Bertalot, 1998. Tropical diatoms of South America I: about 700 predominantly rarely known or new taxa representative of the neotropical flora. Iconographia Diatomologica 5: 1–695.Google Scholar
  146. Metzeltin, D. & H. Lange-Bertalot, 2002. Diatoms from the “island continent” Madagascar. Iconographia Diatomologica 11: 1–286.Google Scholar
  147. Metzeltin, D. & H. Lange-Bertalot, 2007. Tropical diatoms of South America II. Special remarks on biogeography disjunction. Iconographia Diatomologica 18: 1–877.Google Scholar
  148. Metzeltin, D., H. Lange-Bertalot & N. Soninkhisig, 2009. Diatoms in Mongolia. Iconographia Diatomologica. 20: 1–702.Google Scholar
  149. Meyer, A., 1993. Phylogenetic relationships and evolutionary processes in East African cichlid fishes. Tree 8: 279–284.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  150. Moisseeva, A. I. & T. L. Nevretdinova, 1990. Novye semeistvo i rod presnovodnykh vodoroslei (Bacillariophyta). Botanicheskii Zhurnal 75: 539–544.Google Scholar
  151. Moser, G., A. Steindorf & H. Lange-Bertalot, 1995. Neukaledonien. Diatomeenflora einer Tropeninsel. Revision der Collection Maillard und Untersuchung neuen Materials. Bibliotheca Diatomologica 32: 1–340.Google Scholar
  152. Müller, O., 1903. Bacillariaceen aus dem Nyassalande und einigen benachbarten Gebieten. I. Botanische Jahrbücher 34: 9–38.Google Scholar
  153. Müller, O., 1904. Bacillariaceen aus dem Nyassalande und einigen benachbarten Gebieten. II. Botanische Jahrbücher 34: 256–301.Google Scholar
  154. Müller, O., 1905a. Bacillariaceen aus dem Nyassaland und einigen benachbarten Gebieten. III Folge, Naviculoideae-Naviculeae-Gomphoneminae-Gomphocymbellinae-Cymbellinae. Nitzschioideae-Nitzschieae. Botanische Jahrbucher fur Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte, und Pflanzengeographie. Leipzig 36: 137–206.Google Scholar
  155. Müller, O., 1905b. Bacillariaceen aus dem Nyassalande und einigen benachbarten Gebieten. III. Botanische Jahrbücher 36: 137–205.Google Scholar
  156. Müller, O., 1912. Bacillariaceen aus dem Nyassalande und einigen benachbarten Gebieten. IV. Botanische Jahrbücher 34: 69–122.Google Scholar
  157. Nakov, T., E. C. Ruck, Y. Galachyants, S. A. Spaulding & E. C. Theriot, 2014. Molecular phylogeny of the Cymbellales (Bacillariophyceae, Heterokontophyta) with a comparison of models for accommodating rate variation across sites. Phycologia 53: 359–373.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  158. Okuno, H., 1974. Diatomeenshalen im elektronenmikroskopischen Bild, Teil IX. In Helmcke, J.-G., W. Krieger & J. Gerloff (eds), Freshwater Diatoms. J. Cramer, Vaduz.Google Scholar
  159. Otte, D., 1994. The Crickets of Hawaii: Origin, Systematics and Evolution. Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia.Google Scholar
  160. Paddock, T. B. B., 1978. Observations on the valve structures of diatoms of the genus Plagiodiscus and on some associated species of Surirella. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 76(1): 1–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  161. Paddock, T. B. B., 1985. Observations and comments on the diatoms Surirella fastuosa and Campylodiscus fastuosus and on other species of similar appearance. Nova Hedwigia 41: 417–444.Google Scholar
  162. Parham, J. E., G. R. Higashi, E. K. Lapp, D. G. K. Kuamo’o, R. T. Nishimoto, S. Hau, J. M. Fitzsimmons, D. A. Polhemus & W. S. Devick, 2008. Atlas of Hawaiian Watersheds and Their Aquatic Resources. http://www.hawaiiwatershedatlas.com/index.html. Accessed 8 July 2014.
  163. Park, J. S. & J. H. Lee, 2014. Description of the pseudocryptic species Conticribra weissflogiopsis sp. nov. (Thalassiosirales, Bacillariophyta) isolated from brackish waters in Korea, based on its cingulum structure and molecular analysis. Phytotaxa 191: 172–176.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  164. Patrick, R. M., 1968. The structure of diatom communities in similar ecological conditions. American Naturalist 102: 175–183.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  165. Patrick, R., & C. W. Reimer, 1966. The diatoms of the United States, Exclusive of Alaska and Hawaii, Vol. 1. Monographs of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, Philadelphia: 13.Google Scholar
  166. Patrick R. & C. W. Reimer, 1975. The diatoms of the United States, Exclusive of Alaska and Hawaii, Vol. 2, part 1. Monographs of The Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, Philadelphia: 13.Google Scholar
  167. Pfaender, J., U. K. Schliewen & F. Herder, 2010. Phenotypic traits meet patterns of resource use in the radiation of “sharpfin” sailfin silverside fish in Lake Matano. Evolutionary Ecology 24: 957–974.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  168. Poulickova, A., J. Vesela, J. Neustupa & P. Skaloud, 2010. Pseudocryptic diversity versus cosmopolitanism in diatoms: a case study on Navicula cryptocephala Kütz. (Bacillariophyceae) and morphologically similar taxa. Protist 161: 353–369.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  169. Pratt, H. D., 2003. The Hawaiian Honeycreepers: Drepanidinae. Oxford University Press, Oxford.Google Scholar
  170. Raupach, M., M. Malyutina, A. Brandt & J. Wägele, 2007. Molecular data reveal a highly diverse species flock within the munnopsoid deep-sea isopod Betamorpha fusiformis (Barnard, 1920) (Crustacea: Isopoda: Asellota) in the Southern Ocean. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography 54: 1820–1830.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  171. Reichardt, E., 1999. Zur Revision der Gattung Gomphonema. Die Arten um G. affine/insigne, G. angustatum/micropus, G. acuminatum sowie gomphonemoide Diatomeen aus dem Oberoligozän in Böhmen. Iconographia Diatomologica 8: 1–203.Google Scholar
  172. Reichardt, E., 2005. Die Identität von Gomphonema entolejum Østrup (Bacillariophyceae) sowie Revision ähnlicher Arten mit weiter Axialarea. Nova Hedwigia 81: 115–144.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  173. Reichardt, E., 2007. Neue und wenig bekannte Gomphonema-Arten (Bacillariophyeae) mit Areolen in Doppelreihen. Nova Hedwigia 35: 103–137.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  174. Ribbink, A. J., 1984. Is the species flock concept tenable? In Echelle, A. A. & I. Kornfield (eds), Evolution of Fish Species Flocks. University of Maine at Orono Press, Orono: 21–25.Google Scholar
  175. Ripple, H. & J. P. Kociolek, 2013. The diatom (Bacillariophyceae) genus Actinella Lewis from Hawai’i. Pacific Science 67: 609–621.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  176. Roberts, R. G., M. Storey & M. Haslam, 2013. Toba supereruption: Age and impact on East African ecosystems. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 110: E3047.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  177. Round, F. E., R. M. Crawford & D. G. Mann, 1990. The Diatoms. Biology and Morphology of the Genera. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  178. Roy, D., M. F. Docker, P. E. Hehanussa, D. D. Heath & G. D. Haffner, 2004. Genetic and morphological data supporting the hypothesis of adaptive radiation in the endemic fish of Lake Matano. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 17: 1268–1276.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  179. Roy, D., G. Paterson, P. B. Hamilton, D. D. Heath & G. D. Haffner, 2007. Resource-based adaptive divergence in the freshwater fish Telmatherina from Lake Matano, Indonesia. Molecular Ecology 16: 35–48.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  180. Ruck, E. C. & J. P. Kociolek, 2004. A preliminary phylogeny of the family Surirellaceae. Bibliotheca Diatomologica 50: 1–236.Google Scholar
  181. Ruck, E. C. & E. C. Theriot, 2011. Origin and evolution of the canal raphe system in diatoms. Protist 162: 723–737.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  182. Rushforth, S. R., I. Kaczmarska & J. R. Johansen, 1984. The sub-aerial diatom flora of Thurston Lava Tube, Hawaii. Bacillaria 7: 135–157.Google Scholar
  183. Sabbe, K., F. Vanhoutte, R. L. Lowe, E. A. Bergey, B. J. F. Biggs, S. Francoeur, D. Hodgson & W. Vymerman, 2001. Six new Actinella (Bacillariophyta) species from Papua New Guinea, Australia and New Zealand: further evidence for widespread endemism in the Australasian region. European Journal of Phycology 36: 321–340.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  184. Salzburger, W. & A. Meyer, 2004. The species flocks of East African cichlid fishes: recent advances in molecular phylogenetics and population genetics. Naturwissenshaften 91: 277–290.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  185. Salzburger, W., A. Meyer, S. Baric, E. Verheyen & C. Sturmbauer, 2002. Phylogeny of the Lake Tanganyika cichlid species flock and its relationship to the Central and East African haplochromine cichlid fish faunas. Systematic Biology 51: 113–135.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  186. Schelske, C. L., 1999. Diatoms as mediators of biogeochemical silica depletion in the Laurentian Great Lakes. In Stoermer, E. F. & J. P. Smol (eds), The Diatoms: applications for the Environmental and Earth Sciences. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge: 73–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  187. Schluter, D., 1995. Adaptive radiation in sticklebacks: trade-offs in feeding performance and growth. Ecology 76: 82–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  188. Schluter, D., 1996. Ecological causes of adaptive radiation. American Naturalist 148: s40–s64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  189. Schmidt, A., 1904. Atlas der Diatomaceen-kunde. Leipzig. O.R. Reisland. Series VI (Heft 62–63), plates 245–252. [F. Fricke: pl. 247–248].Google Scholar
  190. Schön, I. & K. Martens, 2012. Molecular analyses of ostracod flocks from Lake Baikal and Lake Tanganyika. Hydrobiologia 682: 91–110.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  191. Schütt F., 1896. Peridiniales (Peridineae, Dinoflagellata, Cilioflagellata, arthrodele Flagellaten). Bacillariaceae. In Engler A. & K. Prantl (eds) Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien nebst ihren Gattungen und wichtigeren Arten, insbesondere den Nutzflanzen, unter Mitwirkung zahlreicher hervorragender Fachgelehrten I. Teil. Abt. 1b. Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig: 31–153.Google Scholar
  192. Seddon, A. W. R., C. A. Froyd & A. Witkowski, 2011. Diatoms (Bacillariophyta) of isolated islands: new taxa in the genus Navicula sensu stricto from the Galapagos Islands. Journal of Phycology 47: 861–879.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  193. Skvortzow, B. W., 1937. Bottom diatoms from Olhon Gate of Baikal Lake, Siberia. Philippine Journal of Science 62: 293–377.Google Scholar
  194. Sogin, M. & D. J. Patterson, 2005. Stramenopiles. Version 03 June 2005. http://www.tolweb.org/Stramenopiles. In The Tree of Life Project, http://www.tolweb.org.
  195. Sorhannus, U., E. J. Fenster, L. H. Burckle & A. Hoffman, 1998. Cladogenetic and anagenetic changes in the morphology of Rhizosolenia praebergonii Mukhina. Historical Biology 13: 185–205.Google Scholar
  196. Spaulding, S. A. & J. P. Kociolek, 1998. New Gomphonema (Bacillariophyceae) species from Madagascar. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, 4th Series 50: 361–379.Google Scholar
  197. Stauffer, J. R., K. R. Mckaye & A. F. Konings, 2002. Behaviour: an important diagnostic tool for Lake Malawi cichlids. Fish and Fisheries 3: 213–224.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  198. Stelbrink, B., I. Stöger, R. K. Hadiaty, U. K. Schliewen & F. Herder, 2014. Ag estimates for an adaptive lake fish radiation, its mitochondrial introgression, and an unexpected sister group: Sailfin silversides of the Malili lakes system in Sulawesi. BMC Evolutionary Biology 14: 94.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  199. Stepanek, J. & J. P. Kociolek, 2014. Molecular phylogeny of Amphora sensu stricto (Bacillariophyta): an investigation into the monophyly and classification of the amphoroid diatoms. Protist 165: 177–195.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  200. Stevenson, R. J., M. L. Bothwell & R. L. Lowe, 1996. Algal ecology. Freshwater Benthic Ecosystem. Academic press, San Diego.Google Scholar
  201. Stoermer, E. F., 1964. Notes on Iowa diatoms. VII. Rare and little known diatoms from Iowa. Proceedings ofthe Iowa Academy of Sciences 71: 55–66.Google Scholar
  202. Storey, M., R. G. Roberts & M. Saidin, 2012. Astronomically calibrated 40Ar/39Ar for the Toba supreruption and global synchronization of late Quaternary records. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 109: 18684–18688.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  203. Sturmbauer, C., 1998. Explosive speciation in cichlid fishes of the African Great Lakes: a dynamic model of adaptive radiation. Journal of Fish Biology 53: 18–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  204. Sullivan, J. P., S. Lavoué & C. D. Hopkins, 2002. Discovery and phylogenetic analysis of a riverine species flock of African electric fishes (Mormyridae: Teleostei). Evolution 56: 597–616.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  205. Takahashi, T. & S. Koblmüller, 2011. The adaptive radiation of cichlid fish in Lake Tanganyika: a morphological perspective. International Journal of Evolutionary Biology 2011: 620754.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  206. Tanaka, H. & T. Nagumo, 2009. Two new Mesodictyopsis species, M. akitaensis sp. nov. and M. miyatanus sp. nov., from a late Miocene to Pliocene freshwater sediment, Japan. Acta Botanica Croatica 68: 221–230.Google Scholar
  207. Theriot, E., 1990. New species of Mesodictyon (Bacillariophyta: Thalassiosiraceae) in late Miocenelacustrine deposits of the Snake River Basin Idaho USA. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 142: 1–20.Google Scholar
  208. Theriot, E. C., 1992. Clusters, species concepts and morphological evolution of diatoms. Systematic Biology 41: 141–157.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  209. Thomas, E., J. Stepanek & J. P. Kociolek, 2016. Historical and Current Perspectives on the Systematics of the ‘Enigmatic’ Diatom Genus Rhoicosphenia (Bacillariophyta), with Single and Multi-Molecular Marker and Morphological Analyses and Discussion on the Monophyly of ‘Monoraphid’ Diatoms. PLoS ONE 11: e0152797.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  210. Usoltseva, M., J. P. Kociolek & G. Khursevich, 2013. Three new species of Alveolophora (Aulacoseiraceae, Bacillariophyceae) from Miocene deposits in western North America. Phycologia 52: 109–117.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  211. Vaillant, J. J., G. D. Haffner & M. E. Cristescu, 2011. The ancient lakes of Indonesia: towards integrated research on speciation. Integrative and Comparative Biology 51: 634–643.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  212. Van Bemmelen, R. W., 1970. The geology of Indonesia. Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague.Google Scholar
  213. Van Damme, D. & A. Gautier, 2013. Lacustrine mollusk radiations in the Lake Malawi Basin: experiments in a natural laboratory for evolution. Biogeosciences 10: 5767–5778.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  214. Vanelslander, B., V. Créach, P. Vanormelingen, A. Ernst, V. A. Chepurnov, E. Sahan, G. Muyzer, L. J. Stal, W. Vyverman & K. Sabbe, 2009. Ecological differentiation between sympatric pseudocryptic species in the estuarine benthic diatom Navicula phyllepta (Bacillariophyceae). Journal of Phycology 45: 1278–1289.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  215. Van de Vijver, B., R. Zidarova, M. Sterken, E. Verleyen, M. de Haan, W. Vyverman, F. Hinz & K. Sabbe, 2011. Revision of the genus Navicula s.s. (Bacillariophyceae) in inland waters of the Sub-Antarctic and Antarctic with the description of five new species. Phycologia 50: 281–297.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  216. Van de Vijver, B., R. Zidarova & K. Kopalova, 2014. New species in the genus Muelleria (Bacillariophyta) from the Maritime Antarctic region. Fottea 14: 77–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  217. VanLandingham, S.L., 1978. Catalogue of the Fossil and Recent Genera and Species of Diatoms and Their Synonyms, Part VII Rhoicosphenia Through Zygoceros. Vol 1. J. Cramer, Lehre & Vaduz: 3606–4241.Google Scholar
  218. Vanormelingen, P., K. M. Evans, V. A. Chepurnov, W. Vyverman & D. G. Mann, 2013. Molecular species discovery in the diatom Sellaphora and its congruence with mating trials. Fottea 13: 133–148.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  219. Veselá, J., P. Urbanková, K. Cerná & J. Neustupa, 2012. Ecological variation within traditional diatom morphospecies: diversity of Frustulia rhomboides sensu lato (Bacillariophyceae) in European freshwater habitats. Phycologia 51: 552–561.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  220. Vishnyakov, V. S., M. S. Kulikovskiy, N. I. Dorofeyuk & S. I. Genkal, 2015. Morphology, taxonomy and geographical distribution of species of the Neidium kozlowii complex (Bacillariophyceae). Botanical Journal 100: 787–798.Google Scholar
  221. von Rintelen, T., A. B. Wilson, A. Meyer & M. Glaubrecht, 2004. Escalation and trophic specialization drive adaptive radiation of freshwater gastropods in ancient lakes on Sulawesi, Indonesia. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences 271: 2541–2549.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  222. von Rintelen, T., K. von Rintelen, & M. Glaubrecht, 2010. The species flocks of the viiparous fresh watergastropod Tylomelania (Mollusca: Cerithioidea: Pachychilidae) in the ancient lakes of Sulawesi, Indonesia: the role of geography, trophic morphology and color as driving forces in adpative radiation. In: M. Glaubrecht (ed.), Evolution in Action, Springer, Berlin: 485.Google Scholar
  223. von Rintelen, T., K. von Rintelen, M. Glaubrecht, C. D. Schubart & F. Herder, 2012. Aquatic biodiversity hotspots in Wallacea: the species flock in the ancient lakes of Sulawesi, Indonesia. In Gower, J. et al. (eds), Biotic Evolution and Environmental Change in Southeast Asia. Systematics Association, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge: 290–315.Google Scholar
  224. Vongsombath, C., A. D. Pham, T. M. L. Nguyen, T. Kunpradid, S. P. Davison, Y. Peerapornpisal & M. Meng, 2009. Report on the 2006 biomonitoring survey of the lower Mekong River and selected tributaries. MRC Technical Paper 22: 1–124.Google Scholar
  225. Vyverman, W., 1991. Diatoms from Papua New Guinea. Bibliotheca Diatomologica 22: 1–224.Google Scholar
  226. Wagner, B. & T. Wilke, 2011. Evolutionary and geological history of the Balkan lakes Ohrid and Prespa. Biogeosciences 8: 995–998.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  227. Wallace, A. R., 1860. On the zoological geography of the Malay Archipelago. Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London Zoology 4: 172–184.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  228. Watanabe, T., T. Ohtsuka, A. Tuji & A. Houki, 2005. Picture book and ecology of the freshwater diatoms. Uchida Rokakuho Publishing, Tokyo.Google Scholar
  229. Wetzel, C., H. Lange-Bertalot, E. A. Morales, D. C. Bicudo, L. Hoffmann & L. Ector, 2012. Bicudoa amazonica gen. nov. et sp. nov. (Bacillariophyta)- a new freshwater diatom from the Amazong basin with a complete raphe loss in the eunotioid lineage. Phytotaxa 75: 1–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  230. Wilke, T., R. Väinölä & F. Riedel, 2008. Patterns and Processes of Speciation in Ancient Lakes. Springer, Berlin.Google Scholar
  231. Wilson, N. G., J. A. Maschek & B. J. Baker, 2013. A species flock driven by predation? Secondary metabolites support diversification of slugs in Antarctica. PLoS ONE 8(11): e80277.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  232. Wolf, A. P. & P. A. Siver, 2009. Three extant genera of freshwater thalassiosiroid diatoms from Middle Eocene sediments in northern Canada. American Journal of Botany 96: 487–497.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  233. Yool, A. & T. Tyrrell, 2003. Role of diatoms in regulating the ocean’s silicon cycle. Global Biogeochemical Cycles. doi: 10.1029/2002GB002018.Google Scholar
  234. Zhang, W., Y. L. Li, J. P. Kociolek, R. L. Zhang & L. Q. Wang, 2015. Oricymba tianmuensis sp. nov., a new cymbelloid species (Bacillariophyceae) from Tianmu Mountain in Zhejiang Province, China. Phytotaxa 236: 257–265.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Patrick Kociolek
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sarah E. Hamsher
    • 1
  • Maxim Kulikovskiy
    • 2
  • Andrew J. Bramburger
    • 3
  1. 1.Museum of Natural History and Department of Ecology and Evolutionary BiologyUniversity of ColoradoBoulderUSA
  2. 2.Papanin’s Institute for Biology of Inland Waters, Russian Academy of Sciences RussiaYaroslavlRussia
  3. 3.Natural Resources Research Institute, University of Minnesota DuluthHermantownUSA

Personalised recommendations