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An Arctic and Subarctic ostracode database: biogeographic and paleoceanographic applications

Abstract

A new Arctic Ostracode Database-2015 (AOD-2015) provides census data for 96 species of benthic marine Ostracoda from 1340 modern surface sediments from the Arctic Ocean and subarctic seas. Ostracoda is a meiofaunal, Crustacea group that secretes a bivalved calcareous (CaCO3) shell commonly preserved in sediments. Arctic and subarctic ostracode species have ecological limits controlled by temperature, salinity, oxygen, sea ice, food, and other habitat-related factors. Unique species ecology, shell chemistry (Mg/Ca ratios, stable isotopes), and limited stratigraphic ranges make them a useful tool for paleoceanographic reconstructions and biostratigraphy. The database, described here, will facilitate the investigation of modern ostracode biogeography, regional community structure, and ecology. These data, when compared to downcore faunal data from sediment cores, will provide a better understanding of how the Arctic has been affected by climatic and oceanographic change during the Quaternary. Images of all species and biogeographic distribution maps for selected species are presented, with brief discussion of representative species’ biogeographic and ecological significance. Publication of AOD-2015 is open-sourced and will be available online at several public websites with latitude, longitude, water depth, and bottom water temperature for most samples. It includes material from Arctic abyssal plains and submarine ridges, continental slopes, and shelves of the Kara, Laptev, East Siberian, Chukchi, Beaufort Seas, and several subarctic regions.

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Notes

  1. Figures 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22,23, 24, and 25 show images of many Arctic ostracode species represented in the AOD-2015. This is provided to aid with visual identification. The images on the plates are sized to best show individual features, so note that smaller shells may appear the same size as larger ones. A scale bar in microns is shown for each specimen. Geographic location, cruise and station numbers are given for each photographed specimen. Geographic coordinates [longitude, latitude], water depth, temperature and sample source is provided in the AOD-2015 database. All samples are from surface collections, unless otherwise indicated. Few exceptions exist where a specimen photo was taken from a downcore sample, with sample depth (in cm) cited.

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Acknowledgments

We are grateful to the shipboard scientists and crews of cruises who obtained Arctic cores and samples that provided material for this database. We are also especially appreciative of the following colleagues who have freely and kindly provided material for ostracode study: P. Barnes, H. Bauch, P. Budgell, B. Caissie, L. Cooper, D. Darby, C. Didié, K. Dunton, R. Gradinger, A. Grantz, J. Grebmeier, I. Hardy, D. M. Hopkins, M. Jakobsson, A. Mackiewicz, J. Matthiessen, M. McCormick, C. H. Nelson, L. Osterman, B. Pelletier, L. Phillips, L. Polyak, R. Z. Poore, E. Reimnitz, R. Spielhagen, R. Stein, G. Vilks, F. Wagner, R. Whatley, J. Wollenburg. Special thanks to L. DeNinno for help with SEM photography, K. Lehnigk and J. Seidenstein for assistance with ArcGIS maps. Any use of trade, firm, or product names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.

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Correspondence to Laura Gemery.

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Guest editors: Alison J. Smith, Emi Ito, B. Brandon Curry & Patrick De Deckker / Multidisciplinary aspects of aquatic science: the legacy of Rick Forester

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Gemery, L., Cronin, T.M., Briggs, W.M. et al. An Arctic and Subarctic ostracode database: biogeographic and paleoceanographic applications. Hydrobiologia 786, 59–95 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10750-015-2587-4

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Keywords

  • Arctic
  • Benthic
  • Biogeography
  • Crustacea
  • Ecology
  • Ostracoda