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Trait-based responses of caddisfly assemblages to the partial channelization of a High-Andean stream

Abstract

The importance of channel complexity in maintaining biological integrity and ecosystem functioning has been addressed by several researchers. In spite of this, High-Andean streams are being channelized without regard to the effect that channelization might have on stream communities. To attempt to determine these effects, the present study evaluated how caddisfly assemblages respond to channelization in a High-Andean stream. A trait-based approach was used to compare trait-based responses, and the degree of functional homogenization caused by channelization. A total of seven traits are described: (i) ‘Food,’ (ii) ‘Feeding habits,’ (iii) ‘Maximum body size,’ (iv) ‘Adaptation to flow constrains,’ (v) ‘Body flexibility,’ (vi) ‘Case-material,’ and (vii) ‘Case-shape.’ Both the functional structure of the assemblages and the channel complexity of the channelized site were characterized and compared to those of two undisturbed sites. The results suggest that certain genera become dominant as a result of the environmental changes caused by partial channelization. Specifically, assemblages underwent significant specialization in ‘Food,’ ‘Feeding habits,’ and ‘Case-shape,’ and this was linked to the homogenization in mesohabitat type and in hydraulic variability. The trends evident in the trait-based responses may serve as a basis for proposing and assessing strategies to restore the hydromorphological integrity of High-Andean streams.

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Acknowledgments

The author would like to thank J. Ch. Donato-Rondon and two anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments on the manuscript, and Neil Hunt for correcting the English text. Special thanks to L. Alonso-Moreno, M. González Oviedo, E. C. González Trujillo, J. P. Álvarez-Silva, G. Giraldo, O. Combita, and R. Ospina for their help in the field and the laboratory, and to Nevardo and Carlos Bello (‘Acueducto de Bogotá – E.A.B.’) who provided access to ‘La Vieja’ stream.

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Correspondence to Juan David González-Trujillo.

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González-Trujillo, J.D. Trait-based responses of caddisfly assemblages to the partial channelization of a High-Andean stream. Hydrobiologia 766, 381–392 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10750-015-2474-z

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Keywords

  • Channelization
  • High-Andean stream
  • Channel complexity
  • Trait-based approach
  • Trichoptera
  • Caddisfly assemblages