, Volume 761, Issue 1, pp 373–396 | Cite as

Cytogenetic diversity of notothenioid fish from the Ross sea: historical overview and updates

  • Laura Ghigliotti
  • Christina C.-H. Cheng
  • Catherine Ozouf-Costaz
  • Marino Vacchi
  • Eva Pisano


Cytogenetics provides a unique platform to study in situ structural, functional, and evolutionary aspects of the genome. As such it holds powerful promise in decoding mechanisms and processes of genome architectural changes and their role in organism’s diversification and evolution. Since the early 80s, such an approach has been applied to the study of the Antarctic notothenioid fishes. In almost three decades, the cytogenetic information has expanded to cover half of the known species inhabiting the high Antarctic waters. Although started 10 years later, cytogenetic studies of species from the Ross sea region have provided valuable contributions to this bulk of knowledge. Here, we synthesize the currently available cytogenetic information on Antarctic notothenioid fishes from the Ross Sea Region, inclusive of both conventional karyotyping and gene mapping. In addition, new karyotypic data on four species (Lepidonotothen squamifrons, Trematomus scotti, T. loennbergii, and T. lepidorhinus) are provided. In discussing these data, specific focus is made on the patterns and subtleties of cytogenetic diversity at inter- and intra-specific levels aiming at contributing to the refinement of the knowledge of fish diversity in a region, the Ross Sea area, whose primary ecological value is widely recognized.


Antarctic fish Chromosomes gene mapping Karyotype 



The study was supported by the Italian National Programme for Antarctic Research (PNRA) project 2013.AZ 1.11 and contributes to the SCAR Scientific Research Program AnT-ERA (Antarctic Thresholds—Ecosystem Resilience and Adaptation). We thank the Italian National Research Program (PNRA) for funding and logistic support during the italian scientific expeditions, the New Zealand Ministry of Fisheries and the National Institute of Water & Atmospheric Research (NIWA) for covering the logistic costs of the RV Tangaroa Cruise 2004, and the US NSF Office of Polar Programs (OPP 0231006 to C.-H.C.C.) for support to C.-H.C.C. and LG in the sampling at McMurdo Station in 2004.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Laura Ghigliotti
    • 1
  • Christina C.-H. Cheng
    • 2
  • Catherine Ozouf-Costaz
    • 3
  • Marino Vacchi
    • 4
  • Eva Pisano
    • 5
  1. 1.Institute of Marine Sciences (ISMAR), CNRGenoaItaly
  2. 2.Department of Animal BiologyUniversity of IllinoisUrbana-ChampaignUSA
  3. 3.IBPS, CNRS, UMR 7138 « Evolution »Université Pierre et Marie CurieParisFrance
  4. 4.Institute of Marine Sciences (ISMAR), CNRGenoaItaly
  5. 5.Department of Earth, Environmental and Life Sciences (DISTAV)University of GenoaGenoaItaly

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