, Volume 761, Issue 1, pp 235–248 | Cite as

Diversity gradients of rotifer species richness in Antarctica

  • Diego FontanetoEmail author
  • Nataliia Iakovenko
  • Willem H. De Smet


We gathered taxonomic information regarding the occurrence of rotifers in Antarctica and Subantarctica, producing a database of more than 1100 records from all 93 papers published on the region since the start of research expeditions in the far South. From this literature review, we outline a history of rotifer research in Antarctica. Then, using the database, we address specific questions on biogeographic patterns in species richness in rotifers in Antarctica and Subantarctica. We highlight a complex scenario of differences between areas and latitudinal gradients, differentially affected by problems in sampling bias. The number of species of monogonont rotifers seems to decrease with increasing absolute latitudes, whereas the number of species of bdelloid rotifers generally increases with increasing absolute latitudes.


Bdelloidea Biodiversity Biogeography Latitudinal gradients Monogononta 



DF worked for this project as a co-PI under the Grant 2013-AZ1.13 from the Programma Nazionale Ricerche in Antartide (PNRA) of the Italian government. NI was supported by the Grant Agency of the Czech Academy of Sciences grant number KJB600450903.

Supplementary material

10750_2015_2258_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (397 kb)
Supplementary Fig. S1. Number of species, records and published papers for bdelloids and monogononts in Continental Antarctica, Maritime Antarctica, and Subantarctica (PDF 396 kb)
10750_2015_2258_MOESM2_ESM.pdf (409 kb)
Supplementary Fig. S2. Number of species, records and published papers for bdelloids and monogononts in the five biogeographic areas where records are known: Enderby, Maud, Peninsula, Scott, and Wilkes (PDF 409 kb)
10750_2015_2258_MOESM3_ESM.txt (297 kb)
Supplementary File S1. The database (TXT 296 kb)
10750_2015_2258_MOESM4_ESM.docx (127 kb)
Supplementary File S2. Results of the analyses when sampling bias was assessed as the number of records instead of as the number of papers (DOCX 127 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Diego Fontaneto
    • 1
    Email author
  • Nataliia Iakovenko
    • 2
    • 3
  • Willem H. De Smet
    • 4
  1. 1.Institute of Ecosystem Study (ISE)National Research Council (CNR)Verbania PallanzaItaly
  2. 2.Department of Biology and EcologyUniversity of OstravaOstravaCzech Republic
  3. 3.Department of Invertebrate Fauna and SystematicsSchmalhausen Institute of Zoology NAS of UkraineKievUkraine
  4. 4.Ecosystem Management Research Group (ECOBE), Department of BiologyUniversity of AntwerpWilrijkBelgium

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