Fish-AMAZBOL: a database on freshwater fishes of the Bolivian Amazon

Abstract

The Bolivian part of the Amazon Basin contains a mega diverse and well-preserved fish fauna. Since the last decade, this fish fauna has received an increasing attention from scientists and the national authorities as fishes represent one of the most important sources of proteins for local human communities. However, this fish fauna still remains poorly documented. Here, we present a database for fishes from the Bolivian Amazon. To build the database, we conducted an extensive literature survey of native and non-native (exotic) fishes inhabiting all major sub-drainages of the Bolivian Amazon. The database, named Fish-AMAZBOL, contains species lists for 13 Amazonian hydrological units, covering 100% of the Bolivian Amazon and approximately 65% (722,137 km2) of the all territory. Fish-AMAZBOL includes 802 valid species, 12 of them being non-native, that have been checked for systematic reliability and consistency. To put this number in perspective, this represents around 14% of the all Neotropical ichthyofauna and around 6% of all strictly freshwater fishes inhabiting the planet. This database is currently the most comprehensive database of native and non-native fish species richness available so far for the Bolivian Amazon.

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Acknowledgements

Special acknowledgments to Adalid Argote (FAUNAGUA), Federico Machicao (FAUNAGUA), Daniel Barrozo (FAUNAGUA, ULRA), Jimena Camacho (FAUNAGUA), Tamara Pérez (FAUNAGUA), Alfredo Arteaga (FAUNAGUA), Guido Miranda (Wildlife Conservation Society), and to the members of the ULRA for giving access to fish collections and other technical assistances. We thank Carolina Doria (UNIR, Brazil), William Ohara (UNIR, Brazil), Gislene Torrente Vilara (UFAM, Brazil), and Ariana Ribeiro (UNIR, Brazil) for providing data on the trans-boundary region (Bolivia-Brazil) of the Upper Madera basin. We thank Fabien Leprieur for statistical advises. This work was funded by IRD through the European Project BioFresh—Contract No. 226874 (http://www2.freshwaterbiodiversity.eu/). Data are also available through the BioFresh portal. http://data.freshwaterbiodiversity.eu/.

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Correspondence to Fernando M. Carvajal-Vallejos.

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Handling editor: David Dudgeon

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Appendix 1 Fish-AMAZBOL bibliographic list. List of references used to compile the Fish-AMAZBOL database (DOC 60 KB)

10750_2014_1841_MOESM2_ESM.xlsx

Appendix 2 Fish-AMAZBOL database. List of fish species present in each of the 13 hydrological units of the Bolivian Amazon. Fish species taxonomic classification (orders and families) was elaborated following the criteria proposed by Reis et al. (2003); genera and species within families are listed in alphabetic order. Continental origin of introduced species, SA: South America; NA: North America; AF: Africa; AS: Asia. Type material (valid species-145, and synonyms) from the Bolivian Amazon are indicated. The list of type material (160) includes species described by Heckel (1840) from the Iténez River (Guaporé River in Brazil). Also include are the altitude maximum (Max [m.a.s.l.]); minimum (Min [m.a.s.l.]) and mean (Mean [m.a.s.l.]) of occurrence of each species listed in the Fish-AMAZBOL database. Missing entries = data not available (XLS 107 KB)

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Carvajal-Vallejos, F.M., Bigorne, R., Zeballos Fernández, A.J. et al. Fish-AMAZBOL: a database on freshwater fishes of the Bolivian Amazon. Hydrobiologia 732, 19–27 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10750-014-1841-5

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Keywords

  • Freshwater fishes
  • Checklist
  • South America
  • Amazon River basin
  • Madera River
  • Bolivia