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Hydrobiologia

, Volume 721, Issue 1, pp 285–295 | Cite as

Living planktonic foraminifera in the Fram Strait (Arctic): absence of diel vertical migration during the midnight sun

  • C. MannoEmail author
  • A. K. Pavlov
Primary Research Paper

Abstract

The timing of vertical migration in planktonic foraminifera (ex. ontogenetic, diel) is still an open debate. This work aims to investigate the diel vertical migration (DVM) of Neogloboquadrina pachyderma (N. pachyderma) and Turborotalita quinqueloba (T. quinqueloba) in the Arctic during the midnight sun. N. pachyderma and T. quinqueloba dominate the total assemblage in the cold Polar Water and warmer North Atlantic Water masses, respectively. Foraminifera were collected at several depths along the Fram Strait. Afterwards sampling was performed at the same station for 24 h at continuous and discrete time intervals. Results show no evidence of planktonic foraminifera DVM since there was no significant variability in the abundance and size distribution during the 24-h collection period. This finding provides information to improve the interpretation of foraminifera in paleoclimatic works. This is especially relevant in the Fram Strait as paleoclimatic studies in this region are fundamental to investigating the history of the Atlantic water inflow into the Arctic Ocean.

Keywords

Planktonic foraminifera Arctic Fram Strait Multinet Diel vertical migration N. pachyderma T. quinqueloba 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Special thanks go to the crew members of the R/V Jan Mayen and R/V G.O Sars, who helped to overcome every practical problem during the sampling collection. We kindly acknowledge H. Hop and A. Wold (Norwegian Polar institute) for providing the multinet facility and K.A. Mork (Institute of Marine Research, Norway) for providing the CTD data. We are very grateful to M. Cioch for his support during the laboratory activity. Finally, thanks to S. Retailleau and an anonymous reviewer for the critical comments. This study was funded by the Research Council of Norway through the project MERCLIM “Marine Ecosystem Response to a Changing Climate,” no. 184860/S30, and is a contribution to the ARCTOS network.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.British Antarctic Survey, Natural Environment Research CouncilCambridgeUK
  2. 2.Faculty of Biosciences, Fisheries and EconomicsUniversity of TromsøTromsøNorway
  3. 3.Arctic and Antarctic Research InstituteSt. PetersburgRussia
  4. 4.Norwegian Polar Institute, Fram CentreTromsøNorway

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