Advertisement

Hydrobiologia

, Volume 718, Issue 1, pp 221–235 | Cite as

Patterns of assemblage change in prairie stream fishes in relation to urban stormwater impoundments

  • Loren W. Stearman
  • Dustin T. Lynch
Primary Research Paper

Abstract

The effects of stream urbanization on fishes have been well studied in general. Yet despite the wealth of knowledge available for streams in many different ecoregions, relatively little is known of the effects of urbanization on prairie stream fishes. Management of urban stormwater through impoundment has the potential to fragment streams, and habitat fragmentation on nonurban streams has been documented to relate to declines in small-bodied mobile minnow species. We asked whether urban habitat fragmentation through stormwater impoundment would relate to a similar decline in small-bodied fishes in Cottonwood Creek, a stream system partially managed by stormwater impoundment in central Oklahoma. Analyses with basic metrics of ecological tolerance, richness, community structure, and multivariate ordination found negative relationships between cyprinid richness and abundance and a metric of urban habitat fragmentation, as well as between Lepomis humilis, a small-bodied sunfish, and the metric of urban habitat fragmentation. We review potential hypotheses for these biological patterns in fragmented urban streams, including predation, lack of successful reproduction, and lack of ability to recolonize above barriers.

Keywords

Urbanization Stream fragmentation Dams Anthropogenic disturbance 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Without a number of people, this research would not have occurred. K. McBee and K. Hays reviewed initial grant drafts and provided commentary on what would later become this manuscript. A. Echelle selflessly donated time in the field, laboratory space, and ideas on analyses. G. Adams and R. Adams provided recommendations on analyses as well. M. Stearman and C. L. Hammer donated considerable time and effort in the field. Finally, R. Walker, J. Christian, and numerous anonymous reviewers provided commentary which greatly improved the quality of this manuscript. We extend the deepest gratitude to these people for their assistance in all aspects of this project. This research was conducted at Oklahoma State University and funded by a grant from the Lew Wentz Foundation.

References

  1. Baxter, R. M., 1977. Environmental effects of dams and impoundments. Annual Reviews of Ecology and Systematics 8: 255–283.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bouska, W. W. & C. P. Paukert, 2009. Road crossing designs and their impact on fish assemblages of Great Plains streams. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 139: 214–222.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Brosse, S., G. Renouillet, M. Gevery, K. Khazraie & L. Tudesque, 2011. Small-scale gold mining erodes fish assemblage structure in small neotropical streams. Biodiversity and Conservation 2011: 1013–1026.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Burkhead, N. M. & H. L. Jelks, 2001. Effects of suspended sediment on the reproductive success of the tricolor shiner, a crevice-spawning species. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 130: 959–968.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Clarke, K. R., 1993. Non-parametric multivariate analysis of changes in community structure. Australian Journal of Ecology 18: 117–143.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cross, F. B., 1967. Handbook of Fishes in Kansas. University of Kansas Museum of Natural History Miscellaneous Publication 45, Lawrence: 1–357.Google Scholar
  7. Dodds, W. K., K. Gido, M. R. Whiles, K. M. Fritz & W. J. Matthews, 2004. Life on the edge: the ecology of great plains prairie streams. Bioscience 54: 205–216.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Flickinger, S. A., F. J. Bulow, & D. W. Willis, 1999. Small Impoundments. In Kohler, C. C. & W. A. Hulbert (eds), Inland Fisheries Management in North America, 2nd edn. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, MD.Google Scholar
  9. Fry, J., G. Xian, S. Jin, J. Dewitz, C. Homer, L. Yang, C. Barnes, N. Herold & J. Wickham, 2011. Completion of the 2006 national land cover database for the conterminous United States. Photogrammetric Engineering & Remote Sensing 77: 858–864.Google Scholar
  10. Gafny, S., M. Goren & A. Gasith, 2000. Habitat condition and fish assemblage structure in a coastal Mediterranean stream (Yarqon, Israel) receiving domestic effluent. Hydrobiologia 422: 319–330.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Grimm, N. B., M. J. Grove, S. T. A. Pickett & C. L. Redman, 2000. Integrated approaches to long-term studies of urban ecological systems. Bioscience 50: 571–584.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Jester, D. B., A. A. Echelle, W. J. Matthews, J. Pigg, C. M. Scott & K. D. Collins, 1992. The fishes of Oklahoma, their gross habitats, and their tolerance of degradation in water quality and habitat. Proceedings of the Oklahoma Academy of Science 72: 7–19.Google Scholar
  13. Kang, R. S. & R. A. Marston, 2006. Geomorphic effects of rural-to-urban land use conversion on three streams in the central Redbed plains in Oklahoma. Geomorphology 78: 488–506.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Konrad, C. P. & D. B. Booth, 2005. Hydrologic changes in urban streams and their ecological significance. American Fisheries Society Symposium 47: 157–177.Google Scholar
  15. Kubach, K. M., M. C. Scott & J. S. Bulak, 2011. Recovery of a temperate riverine fish assemblage from a major diesel oil spill. Freshwater Biology 56: 503–518.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Lemly, A. D., 1985. Suppression of native fish populations by green sunfish in first-order streams of Piedmont, North Carolina. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 114: 705–712.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Lessard, J. L. & D. B. Hayes, 2003. Effects of elevated water temperature on fish and macroinvertebrate communities below small dams. River Research and Applications 19: 721–732.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Ligon, F. K., W. E. Dietrich & W. J. Thrush, 1995. Downstream ecological effects of dams. Bioscience 45: 183–192.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Limburg, K. E. & R. E. Schmidt, 1990. Patterns of fish spawning in Hudson River tributaries: response to an urban gradient? Ecology 71: 1238–1245.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Luttrell, G. R., 1996. The fishes of Council Creek, Payne County, Oklahoma. Proceedings of the Oklahoma Academy of Sciences 76: 39–42.Google Scholar
  21. Mammoliti, C. S., 2002. The effects of small watershed impoundments on native stream fishes: a focus on the Topeka shiner and hornyhead chub. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science 105: 219–231.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Margraf, F. J. & D. W. Plitt, 1982. The aquatic macrofauna and water quality of cottonwood creek, Oklahoma. Proceedings of the Oklahoma Academy of Science 62: 1–6.Google Scholar
  23. Matthews, W. J., 1988. North American prairie streams as systems for ecological study. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 7: 387–409.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Matthews, W. J., 1998. Patterns in Freshwater Fish Ecology. Kluwer, Norwell, MA.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Matthews, W. J. & F. P. Gelwick, 1989. Fishes of Crutcho Creek and the North Canadian River in central Oklahoma: effects of urbanization. The Southwestern Naturalists 35: 403–410.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Matthews, W. J. & E. Marsh-Matthews, 2007. Extirpation of red shiner in direct tributaries of Lake Texhoma (Oklahoma-Texas): a cautionary case history from a fragmented river-reservoir system. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 136: 1041–1062.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. McCune, B. & J. B. Grace, 2002. Analysis of Ecological Communities. MjM Software Design, Gleneden Beach, OR.Google Scholar
  28. Modde, T., 1980. State stocking policies for small warmwater impoundments. Fisheries 5: 13–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Ostrand, K. G. & G. R. Wilde, 2002. Seasonal and spatial variation in a prairie stream-fish assemblage. Ecology of Freshwater Fish 11: 137–149.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Ostrand, K. G. & G. R. Wilde, 2004. Changes in prairie stream fish assemblages restricted to isolated streambed pools. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 133: 1329–1338.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Paul, M. J. & J. L. Meyer, 2001. Streams in the urban landscape. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 32: 333–365.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Perkin, J. S. & K. B. Gido, 2012. Fragmentation alters stream fish community structure in dendritic ecological networks. Ecological Applications 22: 2176–2187.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Ricketts, T. & M. Imhoff, 2003. Biodiversity, urban areas, and agriculture: locating priority ecoregions for conservation. Conservation Ecology 8: 1–14.Google Scholar
  34. Ross, S. T., W. M. Brenneman, W. T. Slack, M. T. O’Connell & T. L. Peterson, 2001. The Inland Fishes of Mississippi. University Press of Mississippi, Jackson, MS.Google Scholar
  35. Roy, A. H., S. J. Wenger, T. D. Fletcher, C. J. Walsh, A. R. Ladson, W. D. Shuster, H. W. Thurston & R. Brown, 2008. Impediments and solutions to sustainable, watershed-scale urban stormwater management: lessons from Australia and the United States. Environmental Management 42: 344–359.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Schrank, S. J., C. S. Guy, M. R. Whiles & B. L. Brock, 2001. Influence of instream and landscape-level factors on the distribution of Topeka shiners Notropis Topeka in Kansas streams. Copeia 2001: 413–421.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Scott, M. C., 2006. Winners and losers among stream fishes in relation to land use legacies and urban development in the southeastern US. Biological Conservation 127: 301–309.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Scott, M. C. & G. S. Helfman, 2001. Native invasions, homogenization, and the mismeasure of integrity of fish assemblages. Fisheries 26: 6–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Steedman, R. J., 1988. Modification and assessment of an index of biotic integrity to quantify stream quality in southern Ontario. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 45: 492–501.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Sutherland, A. B. & J. L. Meyer, 2007. Effects of increased suspended sediment on growth rate and gill condition of two southern Appalachian minnows. Environmental Biology of Fishes 80: 389–403.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. United States Environmental Protection Agency, 2000. The quality of our nation’s waters. EPA 841-S-00-001.Google Scholar
  42. United States Geological Survey, 1892. Kingfisher, Oklahoma [map]. 1:125,000. Washington D.C.Google Scholar
  43. United States Geological Survey, 1956. Oklahoma City, Oklahoma [map]. 1:24,000. Washington D.C.Google Scholar
  44. Wade, W. F. & R. E. Craven, 1966. Changes in fish fauna of Stillwater Creek, Payne and Noble counties, Oklahoma from 1938 to 1965. Proceedings of the Oklahoma Academy of Science 46: 60–66.Google Scholar
  45. Waits, E. R., M. J. Bagley, M. J. Blum, F. H. McCormick & J. M. Lazorchak, 2008. Source–sink dynamics sustain central stonerollers (Campostoma anomalum) in a heavily urbanized catchment. Freshwater Biology 53: 2061–2075.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Walsh, C. J., A. H. Roy, J. W. Feminella, P. D. Cottingham, P. M. Groffman & R. P. Morgan II, 2005. The urban stream syndrome: current knowledge and the search for a cure. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 24: 706–723.Google Scholar
  47. Wang, L., J. Lyons, P. Kanehl & R. Bannerman, 2001. Impacts of urbanization on stream habitat and fish across multiple scales. Environmental Management 28: 255–266.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Ward, J. V., & J. A. Stanford, 1983. The serial discontinuity concept of lotic ecosystems. In Fontaine, T. D. III & S. M. Bartell (eds), Dynamics of Lotic Ecosystems. Ann Arbor Science, Ann Arbor, MI.Google Scholar
  49. Weber, D. N. & R. Bannerman, 2004. Relationships between impervious surfaces within a watershed and measures of reproduction in fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas). Hydrobiologia 525: 215–228.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Winemiller, K. O., 2005. Life history strategies, population regulation, and implications for fisheries management. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 62: 872–885.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Winston, M. R., C. M. Taylor & J. Pigg, 1991. Upstream extirpation of four minnow species due to damming of a prairie stream. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 120: 98–105.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Zar, J. H., 1999. Biostatistical Analysis. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Pacific States Marine Fisheries CommissionMarysvilleUSA
  2. 2.Arkansas Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, Department of Biological SciencesUniversity of ArkansasFayettevilleUSA

Personalised recommendations