Attayde, J. L. & J. Ripa, 2008. The coupling between grazing and detritus food chains and the strength of trophic cascades across a gradient of nutrient enrichment. Ecosystems 11: 980–990.
Beklioglu, M., M. Meerfhoff, M. Søndergaard & E. Jeppesen, 2011. Eutrophication and restoration of shallow lakes from a cold temperate to a warm mediterranean and a (sub)tropical climate. In Ansari, A. A., S. Singh Gill, G. R. Lanza & W. Rast (eds), Eutrophication: Causes, Consequences and Control. Springer, Berlin: 91–108.
Brett, M. T. & C. R. Goldman, 1996. A meta-analysis of the freshwater trophic cascade. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences United States of America 93: 7723–7726.
Bruton, M. N., 1985. The effects of suspensoids on fish. Hydrobiologia 125: 221–241.
Carpenter, S. R., J. F. Kitchell & J. R. Hodgson, 1985. Cascading trophic interactions and lake productivity. BioScience 35: 634–639.
Carpenter, S. R., J. F. Kitchell, J. R. Hodgson, P. A. Cochran, J. R. Elser, M. M. Elser, D. M. Lodge, D. Kretchmer & X. He, 1987. Regulation of lake primary productivity by food web structure. Ecology 68: 1863–1876.
Carpenter, S. R., J. J. Cole, J. R. Hodgson, J. F. Kitchell, M. L. Pace, D. Bade, K. L. Cottingham, T. E. Essington, J. N. Houser & D. E. Schindler, 2001. Trophic cascades, nutrients, and lake productivity: whole-lake experiments. Ecological Monographs 71: 163–186.
Crivelli, A. J., 1983. The destruction of aquatic vegetation by carp. Hydrobiologia 106: 37–41.
Culver, D. A., M. M. Boucherle, D. J. Bean & J. W. Fletcher, 1985. Biomass of freshwater crustacean zooplankton from length-weight regressions. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 42: 1380–1390.
DeMelo, R., R. France & D. J. McQueen, 1992. Biomanipulation: hit or myth? Limnology and Oceanography 37: 192–207.
DeVries, D. R. & R. A. Stein, 1991. Comparison of three zooplankton samplers: a taxonomic assessment. Journal of Plankton Research 13: 53–59.
Drenner, R. W., K. L. Gallo, C. M. Edwards, K. E. Reiger & E. D. Dibble, 1997. Common carp affect turbidity and angler catch rates of largemouth bass in ponds. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 17: 1010–1013.
Dumont, H. J., I. Ven de Veld & S. Dumont, 1975. The dry weight estimate of biomass in a selection of Cladocera, Copepoda, and rotifera from the plankton, periphyton, and benthos of continental waters. Oecologia 19: 75–97.
Einfalt, L. M. & D. H. Wahl, 1997. Prey selection by juvenile walleye as influenced by prey morphology and behavior. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 54: 2618–2626.
Gregory, R. S., 1993. Effect of turbidity on the predator avoidance behavior of juvenile chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 50: 241–246.
Hanson, M. A. & M. G. Butler, 1994. Responses of plankton, turbidity, and macrophytes to biomanipulation in a shallow prairie lake. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 51: 1180–1188.
Hill, K. R., 1998. Study 7010: evaluation of the impact of common carp on an intensively managed largemouth bass, channel catfish, and panfish fishery. Iowa Department of Natural Resources.
Hill, A. M. & D. M. Lodge, 1995. Multi-trophic-level impact of sublethal interactions between bass and omnivorous crayfish. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 14: 306–314.
Howick, G. L. & W. J. O’Brien, 1983. Piscivorous feeding behavior of largemouth bass: an experimental analysis. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 112: 508–516.
Jeppesen, E., J. Jensen, M. Søndergaard, T. Lauridsen, L. Pedersen & L. Jensen, 1997. Top-down control in freshwater lakes: the role of nutrient state, submerged macrophytes and water depth. Hydrobiologia 342: 151–164.
Jeppesen, E., J. P. Jensen, M. Sondergaard, T. Lauridsen & F. Landkildehus, 2000. Trophic structure, species richness and biodiversity in Danish lakes: changes along a phosphorus gradient. Freshwater Biology 45: 201–218.
Jeppesen, E., J. P. Jensen, C. Jensen, B. Faafeng, D. O. Hessen, M. Sondergaard, T. Lauridsen, P. Brettum & K. Christoffersen, 2003. The impact of nutrient state and lake depth on top-down control in the pelagic zone of lakes: a study of 466 lakes from the temperate zone to the arctic. Ecosystems 6: 313–325.
Johnson, D. D. & P. H. Crowley, 1980. Odonate “hide and seek”: habitat-specific rules? In Kerfoot, W. (ed.), Evolution and Ecology of Zooplankton Communities. University Press of New England, Hanover, NH.
Khan, T. A., M. E. Wilson & M. T. Khan, 2003. Evidence for invasive carp mediated trophic cascade in shallow lakes of western Victoria, Australia. Hydrobiologia 506: 465–472.
King, D. R. & G. S. Hunt, 1967. Effect of carp on vegetation in a Lake Erie marsh. The Journal of Wildlife Management 31: 181–188.
Kirk, K. L. & J. J. Gilbert, 1990. Suspended clay and the population dynamics of planktonic rotifers and cladocerans. Ecology 71: 1741–1755.
Lammens, E. H. R. R., 1999. The central role of fish in lake restoration and management. Hydrobiologia 395: 191–198.
Lawrence, J. M., 1957. Estimated sizes of various forage fishes largemouth bass can swallow. Proceedings of the Annual Conference Southeastern Association of Game and Fish Commissioners: 220–225.
Lougheed, V. L., B. Crosbie & P. Chow-Fraser, 1998. Predictions on the effect of common carp (Cyprinus carpio) exclusion on water quality, zooplankton, and submergent macrophytes in a Great Lakes wetland. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 55: 1189–1197.
Maezono, Y. & T. Miyashita, 2003. Community-level impacts induced by introduced largemouth bass and bluegill in farm ponds in Japan. Biological Conservation 109: 111–121.
Matsuzaki, S. S., N. Usio, N. Takamura & I. Washitani, 2008. Contrasting impacts of invasive engineers on freshwater ecosystems: an experiment and meta-analysis. Oecologia 158: 673–686.
Mazzeo, N., C. Iglesias, F. Teixeira-de Mello, A. Borthagaray, C. Fosalba, R. Ballabio, D. Larrea, J. Vilches, S. García, J. P. Pacheco & E. Jeppesen, 2010. Trophic cascade effects of Hoplias malabaricus (Characiformes, Erythrinidae) in subtropical lakes food webs: a mesocosm approach. Hydrobiologia 644: 325–335.
McPeek, M. A., 1990. Determination of species composition in the Enallagma damselfly assemblages of permanent lakes. Ecology 71: 83–98.
McQueen, D. J., 1990. OPINION manipulating lake community structure: where do we go from here? Freshwater Biology 23: 613–620.
McQueen, D. J., J. R. Post & E. L. Mills, 1986. Trophic relationships in freshwater pelagic ecosystems. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 43: 1571–1581.
Meijer, M. L., M. W. De Haan, A. W. Breukelaar & H. Buiteveld, 1990a. Is reduction of the benthivorous fish an important cause of high transparency following biomanipulation in shallow lakes? Hydrobiologia 200: 303–315.
Meijer, M. L., E. Lammens, A. J. P. Raat, M. P. Grimm & S. H. Hosper, 1990b. Impact of cyprinids on zooplankton and algae in ten drainable ponds. Hydrobiologia 191: 275–284.
Meijer, M. L., E. H. Nes, E. Lammens, R. D. Gulati, M. P. Grimm, J. Backx, P. Hollebeek, E. M. Blaauw & A. W. Breukelaar, 1994. The consequences of a drastic fish stock reduction in the large and shallow Lake Wolderwijd, The Netherlands. Can we understand what happened? Hydrobiologia 275: 31–42.
Miller, S. A. & T. A. Crowl, 2006. Effects of common carp (Cyprinus carpio) on macrophytes and invertebrate communities in a shallow lake. Freshwater Biology 51: 85–94.
Miller, S. A. & F. D. Provenza, 2007. Mechanisms of resistance of freshwater macrophytes to herbivory by invasive juvenile common carp. Freshwater Biology 52: 39–49.
Miner, J. G. & R. A. Stein, 1993. Interactive influence of turbidity and light on larval bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus) foraging. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 50: 781–788.
Miner, J. G. & R. A. Stein, 1996. Detection of predators and habitat choice by small bluegills: effects of turbidity and alternative prey. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 125: 97–103.
Mittelbach, G. G., 1981. Foraging efficiency and body size: a study of optimal diet and habitat use by bluegills. Ecology 62: 1370–1386.
Mittelbach, G. G., 1984. Predation and resource partitioning in two sunfishes (Centrarchidae). Ecology 65: 499–513.
Newcombe, C. P. & J. O. T. Jensen, 1996. Channel suspended sediments and fisheries: a synthesis for quantitative assessment of risk and impact. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 16: 693–727.
Nowlin, W. & R. Drenner, 2000. Context-dependent effects of bluegill in experimental mesocosm communities. Oecologia 122: 421–426.
Nowlin, W. H., R. W. Drenner, K. R. Guckenberger, M. A. Lauden, G. T. Alonso, J. E. Fennell & J. L. Smith, 2006. Gape limitation, prey size refuges and the top–down impacts of piscivorous largemouth bass in shallow pond ecosystems. Hydrobiologia 563: 357–369.
Panek, F. M., 1987. Biology and ecology of carp. In Cooper, E. L. (ed.), Carp in North America. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, MD: 1–15.
Parkos, J. J. & D. H. Wahl, 2010. Influence of body size and prey type on the willingness of age-0 fish to forage under predation risk. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 139: 969–975.
Parkos, J. J., V. J. Santucci Jr. & D. H. Wahl, 2003. Effects of adult common carp (Cyprinus carpio) on multiple trophic levels in shallow mesocosms. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 60: 182–192.
Peckarsky, B. L., P. A. Abrams, D. I. Bolnick, L. M. Dill, J. H. Grabowski, B. Luttbeg, J. L. Orrock, S. D. Peacor, E. L. Preisser & O. J. Schmitz, 2008. Revisiting the classics: considering nonconsumptive effects in textbook examples of predator-prey interactions. Ecology 89: 2416–2425.
Potvin, C., M. J. Lechowicz & S. Tardif, 1990. The statistical analysis of ecophysiological response curves obtained from experiments involving repeated measures. Ecology 71: 1389–1400.
Power, M. E., D. Tilman, J. A. Estes, B. A. Menge, W. J. Bond, L. S. Mills, G. Daily, J. C. Castilla, J. Lubchenco & R. T. Paine, 1996. Challenges in the quest for keystones. Bioscience 46: 609–620.
Qin, J. & S. T. Threlkeld, 1990. Experimental comparison of the effects of benthivorous fish and planktivorous fish on plankton community structure. Archiv fur Hydrobiologie 119: 121–141.
Reid, S. M., M. G. Fox & T. H. Whillans, 1999. Influence of turbidity on piscivory in largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 56: 1362–1369.
Richardson, W. B., S. A. Wickham & S. T. Threlkeld, 1990. Foodweb response to the experimental manipulation of a benthivore (Cyprinus carpio), zooplanktivore (Menidia beryllina) and benthic insects. Archiv fur Hydrobiologie 119: 143–165.
Santucci, V. J. Jr. & D. H. Wahl, 2003. The effects of growth, predation, and first-winter mortality on recruitment of bluegill cohorts. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 132: 346–360.
SAS Institute, 2001. SAS/STAT User’s Guide, Release 8.1 Edition. SAS Institute, Inc., Carey, NC.
Savino, J. F. & R. A. Stein, 1982. Predator–prey interaction between largemouth bass and bluegills as influenced by simulated, submersed vegetation. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 111: 255–266.
Schindler, D. W., 1974. Eutrophication and recovery in experimental lakes: implications for lake management. Science 184: 897–899.
Schindler, D. W., 2006. Recent advances in the understanding and management of eutrophication. Limnology and Oceanography 51: 356–363.
Shapiro, J., 1990. Biomanipulation: the next phase—making it stable. Hydrobiologia 200–201: 13–27.
Shapiro, J. & D. I. Wright, 1984. Lake restoration by biomanipulation: Round Lake, Minnesota, the first two years. Freshwater Biology 14: 371–383.
Shoup, D. E. & D. H. Wahl, 2009. The effects of turbidity on prey selection by piscivorous largemouth bass. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 138: 1018–1027.
Smock, L. A., 1980. Relationships between body size and biomass of aquatic insects. Freshwater Biology 10: 375–383.
Sondergaard, M., L. Liboriussen, A. R. Pedersen & E. Jeppesen, 2008. Lake restoration by fish removal: short- and long-term effects in 36 Danish lakes. Ecosystems 11: 1291–1305.
Stein, R. A., D. R. DeVries & J. M. Dettmers, 1995. Food-web regulation by a planktivore: exploring the generality of the trophic cascade hypothesis. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 52: 2518–2526.
Tronstad, L. M., R. O. Hall Jr., T. M. Koel & K. G. Gerow, 2010. Introduced lake trout produced a four-level trophic cascade in Yellowstone Lake. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 139: 1536–1550.
U. S. Environmental Protection Agency, 1994. Methods for Chemical Analysis of Water and Wastes. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, National Environmental Research Center, Cincinnati, OH.
Vander Zanden, M. J., J. M. Casselman & J. B. Rasmussen, 1999. Stable isotope evidence for the food web consequences of species invasions in lakes. Nature 401: 464–467.
Vanni, M., C. Layne & S. Arnott, 1997. Top-down trophic interactions in lakes: effects of fish on nutrient dynamics. Ecology 78: 1–20.
Wahl, D. H. & R. A. Stein, 1988. Selective predation by three esocids: the role of prey behavior and morphology. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 117: 142–151.
Welker, M. T., C. L. Pierce & D. H. Wahl, 1994. Growth and survival of larval fishes: roles of competition and zooplankton abundance. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 123: 703–717.
Welschmeyer, N. A. & S. L. Naughton, 1994. Improved chlorophyll a analysis: single fluorometric measurement with no acidification. Lake and Reservoir Management 9: 123.
Werner, E. E., J. F. Gilliam, D. J. Hall & G. G. Mittelbach, 1983. An experimental test of the effects of predation risk on habitat use in fish. Ecology 64: 1540–1548.
Wolfe, M. D., V. J. Santucci Jr., L. M. Einfalt & D. H. Wahl, 2009. Effects of common carp on reproduction, growth, and survival of largemouth bass and bluegills. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 138: 975–983.
Zambrano, L., M. Scheffer & M. Martínez Ramos, 2001. Catastrophic response of lakes to benthivorous fish introduction. Oikos 94: 344–350.
Zambrano, L., E. Valiente & M. J. Vander Zanden, 2010. Food web overlap among native axolotl (Ambystoma mexicanum) and two exotic fishes: carp (Cyprinus carpio) and tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) in Xochimilco, Mexico City. Biological Invasions 12: 3061–3069.