Skip to main content

Advertisement

Log in

Global diversity of cladocerans (Cladocera; Crustacea) in freshwater

  • Freshwater Animal Diversity Assessment
  • Published:
Hydrobiologia Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

Cladocera is a primarily-freshwater monophyletic group, an important component of the microcrustacean zooplankton. They inhabit most types of continental fresh and saline water habitats, occurring more abundantly in both temporary and permanent stagnant waters. Cladocera is an ancient group of Palaeozoic origin. About 620 species are currently known, but we estimate that the real number of species is 2–4 times higher. A number of currently-recognised widespread species can be expected to harbour extensive cryptic diversity.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  • Adamowicz, S. J., P. D. N. Hebert & M. C. Marinone, 2004. Species diversity and endemism in the Daphnia of Argentina: a genetic investigation. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 140: 171–205.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Adamowicz, S. J. & A. Purvis, 2005. How many branchiopod crustacean species are there? Quantifying the components of underestimation. Global Ecology and Biogeography 14: 455–468.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Anderson, L. I., W. R. B. Crighton & H. Hass, 2004. A new univalve crustacean from the Early Devonian Rhynie chert hot-spring complex. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences 94: 355–369.

    Google Scholar 

  • Benzie, J. A. H., 2005. The genus Daphnia (including Daphniopsis) (Anomopoda: Daphniidae). In: Dumont H. J. (ed.), Guides to the Identification of the Microinvertebrates of the Continental Waters of the World 21. Kenobi Productions, Ghent & Backhuys Publishers, Leiden.

    Google Scholar 

  • Colbourne, J. K. & P. D. N. Hebert, 1996. The systematics of North American Daphnia (Crustacea: Anomopoda): a molecular phylogenetic approach. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series B 351: 349–360.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Cox, A. J. & P. D. N. Hebert, 2001. Colonization, extinction, and phylogeographic patterning in a freshwater crustacean. Molecular Ecology 10: 371–386.

    Article  PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • DeWaard, J., V. Sacherová, M. E. A. Cristescu, E. A. Remigio, T. J. Crease & P. D. N. Hebert, 2006. Probing the relationships of the branchiopod crustaceans. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 39: 491–502.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Dumont, H. J. & S. V. Negrea, 2002. Introduction to the class Branchiopoda. In: Dumont H. J. (ed.), Guides to the Identification of the Microinvertebrates of the Continental Waters of the World 19. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden.

    Google Scholar 

  • Figuerola, J. & A. J. Green, 2002. Dispersal of aquatic organisms by waterbirds: a review of past research and priorities for future studies. Freshwater Biology 47: 483–494.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Frey, D. G., 1959. The taxonomic and phylogenetic significance of the head pores of the Chydoridae (Cladocera). Internationale Revue der gesamten Hydrobiologie 44: 27–50.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Frey, D. G., 1982. Questions concerning cosmopolitanism in Cladocera. Archiv für Hydrobiologie 93: 484–502.

    Google Scholar 

  • Frey, D. G., 1987. The taxonomy and biogeography of the Cladocera. Hydrobiologia 145: 5–17.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Fryer, G., 1987. Morphology and the classification of the so-called Cladocera. Hydrobiologia 145: 19–28.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Havel, J. E., W. R. Mabee & J. R. Jones, 1995. Invasion of the exotic cladoceran Daphnia lumholtzi into North American reservoirs. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 52: 151–160.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Hebert, P. D. N. & D. J. Taylor, 1997. The future of cladoceran genetics: methodologies and targets. Hydrobiologia 360: 295–299.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Korovchinsky, N. M., 1996. How many species of Cladocera are there? Hydrobiologia 321: 191–204.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Korovchinsky, N. M., 1997. On the history of studies on cladoceran taxonomy and morphology, with emphasis on early work and causes of insufficient knowledge of the diversity of the group. Hydrobiologia 360: 1–11.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Korovchinsky, N. M., 2004. Cladocerans of the Order Ctenopoda of the World Fauna (Morphology, Systematics, Ecology, Biogeography). KMK Publishers, Moscow [In Russian].

    Google Scholar 

  • Korovchinsky, N. M., 2006. The Cladocera (Crustacea: Branchiopoda) as a relict group. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 147: 109–124.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Kotov, A. A. & N. M. Korovchinsky, 2006. First record of fossil Mesozoic Ctenopoda (Crustacea, Cladocera). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 146: 269–274.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Kotov, A. A. & P. Štifter, 2006. Ilyocryptidae of the World. In: Dumont H. J. (ed.), Guides to the Identification of the Microinvertebrates of the Continental Waters of the World 22. Kenobi Productions, Ghent & Backhuys Publishers, Leiden.

    Google Scholar 

  • Lynch, M., 1985. Speciation in the Cladocera. Verhandlungen der internationalen Vereinigung für theoretische und angewandte Limnologie 22: 3116–3123.

    Google Scholar 

  • Mergeay, J., D. Verschuren & L. De Meester, 2005. Cryptic invasion and dispersal of an American Daphnia in East Africa. Limnology & Oceanography 50: 1278–1283.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Negrea, S., N. Botnariuc & H. J. Dumont, 1999. Phylogeny, evolution and classification of the Branchiopoda (Crustacea). Hydrobiologia 412: 191–212.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Orlova-Bienkowskaja, M. Y., 2001. Daphniidae: genus Simocephalus. In: Dumont H. J. (ed.), Guides to the Identification of the Microinvertebrates of the Continental Waters of the World 17. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden.

    Google Scholar 

  • Petrusek, A., M. Černý & E. Audenaert, 2004. Large intercontinental differentiation of Moina micrura (Crustacea: Anomopoda): one less cosmopolitan cladoceran?. Hydrobiologia 526: 73–81.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Sacherová, V. & P. D. N. Hebert, 2003. The evolutionary history of the Chydoridae (Crustacea: Cladocera). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 79: 629–643.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Santos-Flores, C. J. & S. I. Dodson, 2003. Dumontia oregonensis n. fam., n. gen., n. sp., a cladoceran representing a new family of ‘water-fleas’ (Crustacea, Anomopoda) from U.S.A., with notes on the classification of the Order Anomopoda. Hydrobiologia 500: 145–155.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Schwenk, K. & P. Spaak, 1995. Evolutionary and ecological consequences of interspecific hybridization in cladocerans. Experientia 51: 465–481.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Schwenk, K., D. Posada & P. D. N. Hebert, 2000. Molecular systematics of European Hyalodaphnia: the role of contemporary hybridization in ancient species. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B 267: 1833–1842.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Smirnov, N. N., 1971. New species of the genus Archedaphnia from the Jurassic deposits of Transbaikalia. Paleontologicheskij Zhurnal 3: 119–121 [In Russian].

    Google Scholar 

  • Smirnov, N. N., 1992a. The Macrothricidae of the World. Guides to the Identification of the Microinvertebrates of the Continental Waters of the World 1. SPB Academic Publishers, The Hague.

    Google Scholar 

  • Smirnov, N. N., 1992b. Mesozoic Anomopoda (Crustacea) from Mongolia. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 104: 97–116.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Smirnov, N. N., 1996. Cladocera: the Chydorinae and Sayciinae (Chydoridae) of the world. In: Dumont H. J. (ed.), Guides to the Identification of the Microinvertebrates of the Continental Waters of the World 11. SPB Academic Publishers, Amsterdam.

    Google Scholar 

  • Swain, T. D. & D. J. Taylor, 2003. Structural rRNA characters support monophyly of raptorial limbs and paraphyly of limb specialization in water fleas. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B 270: 887–896.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Taylor, D. J., C. R. Ishikane & R. A. Haney, 2002. The systematics of Holarctic bosminids and a revision that reconciles molecular and morphological evolution. Limnology and Oceanography 47: 1486–1495.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Yan, N. D., R. Girard & S. Boudreau, 2002. An introduced invertebrate predator (Bythotrephes) reduces zooplankton species richness. Ecology Letters 5: 481–485.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

The following funding sources partially supported our research: “Biodiversity” Program of Russian Academy of Sciences (grant 1.1.5) and Russian Foundation for Basic Research (grant 06–04-48624 for AAK and NMK), Czech Ministry for Education (MSM0021620828 supporting AP) and the Hungarian National R&D Programme (contract No: 3B023-04 supporting LF). We would like to thank Nikolai N. Smirnov, Vladimír Kořínek, Dorothy Berner, and Joachim Mergeay for sharing of unpublished data and/or valuable comments on the manuscript and David Hardekopf for language corrections. We are also grateful to an anonymous referee for reading an earlier version of the paper and Sarah Adamowicz for her review.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to L. Forró.

Additional information

Guest editors: E. V. Balian, C. Lévêque, H. Segers & K. Martens

Freshwater Animal Diversity Assessment

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Forró, L., Korovchinsky, N.M., Kotov, A.A. et al. Global diversity of cladocerans (Cladocera; Crustacea) in freshwater. Hydrobiologia 595, 177–184 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10750-007-9013-5

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10750-007-9013-5

Keywords

Navigation