, Volume 579, Issue 1, pp 379–391 | Cite as

Grossuana codreanui (Grossu, 1946) and the phylogenetic relationships of the East Balkan genus Grossuana (Radoman, 1973) (Gastropoda: Rissooidea)

  • Magdalena SzarowskaEmail author
  • Paweł Grzmil
  • Andrzej Falniowski
  • Ioan Sirbu
Primary Research Paper


The rich rissooidean fauna of Balkan Peninsula, the history of which began at the time of Paratethys, is not sufficiently studied yet. It includes, among others, many taxa of minute gastropods with a moderately high-spired shell, a penis with a double lobe on its left edge and female reproductive organs with a loop of coiled oviduct and two receptacles, the morphology of which does not allow for a certain determination. In the article we deal with five such populations. We describe the shell, radula, soft part morphology and anatomy of the reproductive organs of Grossuana codreanui (Grossu, 1946) from its type locality at the Techirghiol Lake, Dobrogea, Romania. The species is compared molecularly (fragments of two genes: mitochondrial CO1 and ribosomal 18 S) with G. codreanui from Bulgaria, G. serbica (Radoman, 1973) from its type locality, Belgrandiella haesitans (Westerlund, 1881) from the spring of the Louros River, and Orientalina delphica (Radoman, 1973) from the spring Kastalia at Delphi. All the five populations were found to belong to the genus Grossuana: G. codreanui, G. serbica, G. vurliana (Radoman, 1966), and G. dephica (Radoman, 1973), respectively. We applied 12 morphological characters of Grossuana and 17 other rissooidean genera (mostly of the Hydrobiidae s. stricto) to infer phylogeny, which has shown the position of the genus within the Hydrobiidae s. stricto, most close to Orientalina. All the molecular data confirm that Grossuana is a distinct genus belonging to the Hydrobiidae, Horatiinae, whose closest relatives are Belgrandia, Orientalina and Horatia.


Hydrobiidae Balkan Peninsula Morphology DNA Phylogeny Taxonomy 



The study was supported by a grant of the Polish Committee of Scientific Research (PB 0393/PO4/2003/24). The SEM facilities were provided by the Scanning Microscopy Department of Jagiellonian University; the photographs done by Zuzanna Banach. The SEM is a gift from the SUBIN 94 program of the Polish Science Foundation. The histological work was done by Ewa Witkowska-Pelc. Michal Horsak kindly provided a sample of his collection. We thank two anonymous reviewers for their useful comments to a previous version of the MS.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Magdalena Szarowska
    • 1
    Email author
  • Paweł Grzmil
    • 2
  • Andrzej Falniowski
    • 1
  • Ioan Sirbu
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Malacology, Institute of ZoologyJagiellonian UniversityKrakowPoland
  2. 2.Department of Genetics and Evolution, Institute of ZoologyJagiellonian UniversityKrakowPoland
  3. 3.Department of Ecology and Environmental ProtectionLucian Blaga UniversitySibiuRomania

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