Size related changes of phytoplankton biovolume and species composition have been analysed for forward and reverse regime shifts in a shallow, urban, seepage lake. As a consequence of changes in the hydrology, the pelagic switched from a clear water, macrophyte dominated state to a turbid stable phase with an abundant cyanobacterial population. Experimental nutrient reduction forced the system into a recovery phase. Each state change was associated with significant changes in total biovolume, species composition and size structure affecting surface to volume ratios (S/V). Chlorophyll-a content and S/V drastically increased during the early recovering phase due to small cell sized species developing. As expected, state transitions were associated with significant alterations in size structure and composition.
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Dokulil, M.T., Donabaum, K. & Teubner, K. Modifications in phytoplankton size structure by environmental constraints induced by regime shifts in an urban lake. Hydrobiologia 578, 59–63 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10750-006-0433-4