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Hydrobiologia

, Volume 549, Issue 1, pp 251–257 | Cite as

Food and Feeding Habits of Flounder Paralichthys Orbignyanus (Jenyns, 1842) in Bahía Blanca Estuary, Argentina

  • A. Lopez CazorlaEmail author
  • S. Forte
Primary Research Paper

Abstract

Specimens of flounder Paralichthys orbignyanus (Jenyns, 1842) were collected in Bahía Blanca estuary between February 1997 and January 1998, and their feeding habits were examined in relation to season and size class. The stomach contents of 823 specimens, ranging from 70 to 875 mm total length, were analysed. Their diet included organisms from 17 taxa. The highest vacuity index values were found during autumn and winter. The stomach fullness index indicated that flounders increased their feeding activity between October and March, reaching a highest point in February and decreasing after February. Fish were the primary prey item in frequency, number and weight, followed by crustaceans, such as shrimps and crabs. A seasonal and size class variation was detected in the diet. During summer all-size flounders consumed mainly fish. In autumn, for all-size classes the main food were fish and crustaceans even though fish were dominant in terms of biomass. In spring, crustaceans (mysids Arthromysis magellanica (Cunningham), shrimps Artemesia longinaris Bate, and prawns Pleoticus muelleri (Bate)) were the dominant prey in terms of number and biomass for flounders ≤ 450 mm TL. Size classes larger than 451 mm TL fed on crustaceans and fish though the most important prey item in terms of biomass was fish. In Bahía Blanca estuary,P. orbignyanus evidenced mainly an ichthyophagou – carcinophagous diet. The results collected from the present study lead to conclude that P. orbignyanus shows, in this region, a clear preference for fish.

Keywords

flounder Paralichthys orbignyanus feeding habits AR Buenos Aires Bahía Blanca estuary 

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Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departamento de BiologíaBioquímica y Farmacia – Universidad Nacional del SurArgentina

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