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Hydrobiologia

, Volume 549, Issue 1, pp 131–143 | Cite as

Distribution of Chironomidae (Insecta: Diptera) Head Capsules in Recent Sediments of Canadian Arctic Lakes

  • K. GajewskiEmail author
  • G. Bouchard
  • S.E. Wilson
  • J. Kurek
  • L.C. Cwynar
Primary Research Paper

Abstract

Thirty-two taxa of chironomid larvae were collected from the sediments of 50 lakes from across the Canadian Arctic Islands. Most chironomid taxa living in the Arctic have wide distributions, with only one taxon, Abiskomyia, showing a clear geographic limitation in this region. Many of these taxa have habitat preferences, among which lake morphometry, pH, nutrients and temperature are important. Due to the complex environmental patterns in the Arctic, lakes in both the northern and southern portion of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago have warmer temperatures and the chironomid assemblages of these two regions resemble each other more than those of the intervening central islands. Chironomid diversity is lowest in the central arctic islands, primarily Devon and Cornwallis Island, where the combination of low nutrients and cold temperatures provide the most severe environment for chironomid survival.

Keywords

Canadian Arctic Chironomidae lake sediments limnology paleolimnology Abiskomyia Corynocera ambigua response surface Canonical Correspondence Analysis 

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Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Gajewski
    • 1
    Email author
  • G. Bouchard
    • 1
  • S.E. Wilson
    • 2
  • J. Kurek
    • 3
  • L.C. Cwynar
    • 3
  1. 1.Laboratory for Paleoclimatology and Climatology Department of GeographyUniversity of OttawaOttawaCanada
  2. 2.Wilson Research Associates, Inc 27OttawaCanada
  3. 3.Department of BiologyUniversity of New BrunswickFrederictonCanada

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