, Volume 552, Issue 1, pp 33–44 | Cite as

Incorporating Research Results into Wetland Management: Lessons from Recovery Catchments in Saline Landscapes

  • Stuart A. Halse
  • Tilo Massenbauer


Use of science in wetland management has increased considerably over the last 50 years but there is still scope for improving the transfer of research results into management. Issues that lead to less than optimal transfer include: (1) managers not accessing existing technical information adequately, (2) researchers addressing issues of peripheral importance to management rather than key information needs, (3) managers failing to identify significant information gaps and to resource appropriate research in a timely way, (4) scale of research and certainty of results being inappropriate for application to broad-scale situations by managers responsible for outcomes, and (5) funding bodies not fully recognizing that transfer of research results to management requires a development phase. Establishment of recovery catchments in the Western Australian wheatbelt, with the aim of maintaining regional biodiversity in the face of increasing dryland salinisation, is a program that relies on transferring research results into management. However, the multi-disciplinary nature of managing salinisation is a challenge for many catchment managers and formal management systems are probably an important adjunct to close knowledge of the catchment when making management decisions. An examination of management planning and actions in the Lake Warden Natural Diversity Recovery Catchment, south-west Western Australia, highlights the continuum between research and management, the importance of understanding the physical environment when managing biodiversity, and the fact that much wetland conservation relies on management action in terrestrial landscapes.


catchment management reserve management biodiversity salinisation Western Australia 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Anderson, D. R., Burnham, K. P., Gould, W. R., Cherry, S. 2001Concerns about finding effects that are actually spuriousWildlife Society Bulletin29311316Google Scholar
  2. Bell, D. T., Froend, R. H. 1990Mortality and growth of tree species under stress at Lake Toolibin in the Western Australian wheatbeltJournal of the Royal Society of Western Australia726366Google Scholar
  3. Boulton, A. J., Brock, M. A. 1999Australian Freshwater Ecology: Processes and ManagementGleneaglesAdelaideGoogle Scholar
  4. Burke, C. M., Knott, B. 1997Homeostatic interactions between the benthic microbial communities and the waters of a hypersaline lake, Lake Hayward, Western AustraliaMarine and Freshwater Research48623631CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cale, D. J., Halse, S. A., Walker, C. D. 2004Wetland monitoring in the Wheatbelt of south-west Western Australia: site descriptions, waterbird, aquatic invertebrate and groundwater dataConservation Science Western Australia520135Google Scholar
  6. Coates, D. J., Atkins, K. A. 2001Priority setting and the conservation of Western Australia’s diverse and highly endemic floraBiological Conservation97251263CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cramer, V. A., Hobbs, R. J. 2002Ecological consequences of altered hydrological regimes in fragmented ecosystems in southern Australia: impacts and possible management strategiesAustral Ecology27546564CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cullen, P. 1990The turbulent boundary between water science and water managementFreshwater Biology24201209Google Scholar
  9. Davies, P. E. 2000Development of a national river bioassessment system (AusRivAS) in AustraliaWright, J. F.Sutcliffe, D. W.Furse, M. T. eds. Assessing the Biological Quality of Fresh WatersFreshwater Biological AssociationAmbleside113124Google Scholar
  10. Davis, J. A., Halse, S. A., Froend, R. H. 2001Factors influencing biodiversity in coastal plain wetlands of southwestern AustraliaGopal, B.Junk, W. J.Davis, J. A. eds. Biodiversity in Wetlands: Assessment, Function and ConservationBackhuysLeiden89100Google Scholar
  11. Department of Conservation and Land Management1990Wetlands Nominated by the Government of Western Australia for Inclusion on the List of Wetlands of International ImportanceGovernment of Western AustraliaPerthGoogle Scholar
  12. Department of Conservation and Land Management2004Towards a Biodiversity Conservation Strategy for Western AustraliaGovernment of Western AustraliaPerthGoogle Scholar
  13. Font, X., Flynn, P., Tribe, J., Yale, K. 2001Environmental management systems in outdoor recreation: a case study of a forest enterprise (UK) siteJournal of Sustainable Tourism94460Google Scholar
  14. George, R. J., McFarlane, D. J., Speed, R. J. 1995The consequences of a changing hydrologic environment for native vegetation in southwestern AustraliaSaunders, D. A.,Craig, J. L.Mattiske, E. M. eds. Nature Conservation 4: The Role of NetworksSurrey Beatty & SonsSydney922Google Scholar
  15. Halse, S. A. 1998Wetland R&D requirements in Western AustraliaWilliams, W. D. eds. Wetlands in a Dry Land: Understanding for ManagementEnvironment AustraliaCanberra5966Google Scholar
  16. Halse, S. A. 2004Biological impacts of drainage disposal in wetlands of the Western Australian wheatbeltDogramaci, S.Waterhouse, A. eds. Proceedings of the 1st National Salinity Engineering ConferenceInstitution of EngineersPerth373378Google Scholar
  17. Halse, S. A., Lyons, M. N., Pinder, A. M., Shiel, R. J. 2004Biodiversity patterns and their conservation in wetlands of the Western Australian wheatbeltRecords of the Western Australian Museum Supplement67337364Google Scholar
  18. Halse, S. A., Ruprecht, J. K., Pinder, A. M. 2003Salinization and prospects for biodiversity in rivers and wetlands of south-west Western AustraliaAustralian Journal of Botany51673688CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Halse, S. A., Williams, M. R., Jaensch, R. P., Lane, J. A. K. 1993Wetland characteristics and waterbird use of wetlands in south-western AustraliaWildlife Research20103126CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Hardy, G. E. S., Barrett, S., Shearer, B. L. 2001The future of phosphite as a fungicide to control the soilborne plant pathogen Phytophthora cinnamomi in natural ecosystemsAustralian Plant Pathology30133139CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Hatton, T., Ruprecht, J. 2002Watching the rivers flow: hydrology of the wheatbeltRead, V. A. eds. Dealing with Salinity in Wheatbelt Valleys: Processes, Prospects and Practical OptionsWater and Rivers CommissionPerth115Google Scholar
  22. Hood, C. 1991A public management for all seasons?Public Administration69319Google Scholar
  23. Jaensch, R. P., R. M., Vervest & M. J., Hewish 1988. Waterbird Surveys of Wetland Nature Reserves in South-western Australia: 1981–85, Report 30. Royal Australasian Ornithologists Union, Melbourne.Google Scholar
  24. Keighery, G., Halse, S., McKenzie, N. 2002Why wheatbelt valleys are valuable and vulnerable: the ecology of wheatbelt valleys and threats to their survivalRead, V. A. eds. Dealing with Salinity in Wheatbelt Valleys: Processes, Prospects and Practical OptionsWater and Rivers CommissionPerth18Google Scholar
  25. Kinnear, J. E., Sumner, N. R., Onus, M. L. 2002The red fox in Australia: an exotic predator turned biocontrol agentBiological Conservation108335359CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Knott, B., Bruce, L., Lane, J., Konishi, Y., Burke, C. 2003Is the salinity of Lake Clifton (Yalgorup National Park) increasing?Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia86119122Google Scholar
  27. Lambeck, R. J., Cale, P., Ive, J., Leone, J. 2000Nature conservation in agricultural landscapes: an integrated planning approachCraig, J. L.Mitchell, N.Saunders, D. A. eds. Nature Conservation 5: Nature Conservation in Productive Environments: Managing the MatrixSurrey Beatty & SonsChipping Norton166178Google Scholar
  28. Latta, R. A., Cocks, P. S., Matthews, C. 2002Lucerne pastures to sustain agricultural production in southwestern AustraliaAgricultural Water Management5399109CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Margetts A. R., & J. M. Ellcott (eds), 1985. The scientific basis of inland fisheries management. Journal of Fish Biology 27, Supplement A: 1–300.Google Scholar
  30. Marimuthu, S., D. A. Reynolds, & C. Le Gal La Salle, In press. A field study of hydraulic, geochemical and stable isotope relationships in a coastal wetlands system. Journal of Hydrology.Google Scholar
  31. McKenzie, N. L., Burbidge, A. H., Rolfe, J. K. 2003Effect of salinity on small, ground-dwelling animals in the Western Australian wheatbeltAustralian Journal of Botany51725740CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Mitchell, N. D., Craig, J. L. 2000Managing the matrix: realigning paradigms toward sustainabilityCraig, J. L.,Mitchell, N.Saunders, D. A. eds. Nature Conservation 5: Nature Conservation in Productive Environments: Managing the MatrixSurrey Beatty & SonsChipping Norton2634Google Scholar
  33. Mobbs, C. J. E. 1987Nature Conservation Reserves in Australia (1986), Occasional Paper 12Australian National Parks and Wildlife ServiceCanberraGoogle Scholar
  34. NLWRA, 2001. Australian Dryland Salinity Assessment 2000: Extent, Impacts, Processes, Monitoring and Management Options. National Land and Water Resources Audit, Canberra.Google Scholar
  35. Pinder, A. M., Halse, S. A., McRae, J. M., Shiel, R. J. 2004Aquatic invertebrate assemblages of wetlands and rivers in the wheatbelt region of Western AustraliaRecords of the Western Australian Museum Supplement67737Google Scholar
  36. Pinder, A. M., Trayler, K. M., Mercer, J. W., Arena, J., Davis,  J. A. 1993Diel periodicities of adult emergence of some chironomids (Diptera: Chironomidae) and a mayfly (Ephemeroptera: Caenidae) at a Western Australian wetlandJournal of the Australian Entomological Society32129135Google Scholar
  37. Pouyat, R. V. 1999Science and environmental policy - making them compatibleBioscience49281286Google Scholar
  38. Ratti, J. T., Flake, L. D., Wentz, W. A. 1982Waterfowl Ecology and Management: Selected ReadingsWildlife SocietyBethesda, USAGoogle Scholar
  39. Seddon, G., 1972, Sense of Place. University of Western Australia Press, Perth, 274 pp.Google Scholar
  40. Short, R. J. 2000A Conceptual Hydrogeological Model for the Lake Warden Recovery Catchment, Esperance, Western Australia, Dryland Salinity Theme, Project 3, Technical Report 200National Land and Water AuditPerth, Western AustraliaGoogle Scholar
  41. Short, R., Salama, R., Pollock, D., Hatton, T., Bond, W., Paydar, Z., Cresswell, H., Gilfedder, M., Moore, A., Simpson, R., Salmon, L., Stefanski, A., Probert, M., Huth, N., Gaydon, D., Keating, B., Coram, J., Please, P. 2000Assessment of Salinity Management Options for Lake Warden Catchments, Esperance, WA: Groundwater and Crop Water Balance Modelling, Technical Report 20/00CSIRO Land and WaterPerthGoogle Scholar
  42. Szaro, R. C., Berc, J., Cameron, S., Cordle, S., Crosby, M., Martin,  L., Norton, D., O’Malley, R., Ruark, G. 1998The ecosystem approach: science and information management issues, gaps and needsLandscape and Urban Planning4089101CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Thomas, C. D., Cameron, A., Green, R. E., Bakkenes, M., Beaumont, L. J., Collingham, Y. C., Erasmus, B. F., Siquelera, M. F., Grainger, A., Hannah, L., Hughes, L., Huntley, B., Jaarsveld, A. S., Midgley, G. F., Miles, L., Ortega-Huerta, M. A., Petersen, A. T., Phillips, O. L., Williams, S. E. 2004Extinction risk from climate changeNature427145148CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  44. Trayler, K. M., Pinder, A. M., Davis, J. A. 1994Evaluation of the juvenile hormone mimic Pyriproxyfen (S-31183) against nuisance chironomids (Diptera: Chironomidae), with particular emphasis on Polypedilum nubifer (Skuse)Journal of the Australian Entomological Society33127130Google Scholar
  45. Underwood, A. J. 1998Relationships between ecological research and environmental managementLandscape and Urban Planning40123140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Wallace, K. J. 1995Setting the scene - remnant management during the past decadeWallace, K. J. eds. Remnant Native Vegetation Ten Years On: A Decade of Research and ManagementDepartment of Conservation and Land ManagementPerth5154Google Scholar
  47. Wallace, K. J. 2001State Salinity Action Plan 1996: Review of the Department of Conservation and Land Management’s ProgramsDepartment of Conservation and Land ManagementPerthGoogle Scholar
  48. Wallace, K. J., Beecham, B. C., Bone, B. H. 2003Managing Natural Biodiversity in the Western Australian Wheatbelt: A Conceptual FrameworkDepartment of Conservation and Land ManagementPerthGoogle Scholar
  49. Walters, C. 1986Adaptive Management of Renewable ResourcesMacMillanNew YorkGoogle Scholar
  50. Williams, W. D. 1987Salinization of rivers and streams: An important environmental hazardAmbio16180185Google Scholar
  51. Wills, R. 1993The ecological impact of Phytophthora cinnamomi in the Stirling Range National Park, Western AustraliaAustralian Journal of Ecology18145159Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Conservation and Land ManagementScience DivisionWannerooAustralia
  2. 2.Department of Conservation and Land ManagementSouth Coast RegionEsperanceAustralia

Personalised recommendations