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Use of Phytoplankton Assemblages for Monitoring Ecological Status of Lakes within the Water Framework Directive: The Assemblage Index

Abstract

On basis of recent developments in phytoplankton ecology an assemblage index, Q, was developed to assess ecological status of different lake types established by the Water Framework Directive (WFD). Since 5 ≥ Q ≥ 0, the developed index can provide 5-grade qualification required by WFD. Case studies from very different lake types support the usefulness of the developed index. Straights and weaknesses of the Q index for monitoring purposes are discussed. Without arguing for the superiority of the assemblage index in comparison with any other measures of ecological status of lakes, we aim to open a discussion about its possible applications.

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Padisák, J., Borics, G., Grigorszky, I. et al. Use of Phytoplankton Assemblages for Monitoring Ecological Status of Lakes within the Water Framework Directive: The Assemblage Index. Hydrobiologia 553, 1–14 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10750-005-1393-9

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10750-005-1393-9

Keywords

  • Water Framework Directive
  • phytoplankton
  • functional assemblages
  • lake types
  • monitoring