Inhibition of Mussel Suspension Feeding by Surfactants of Three Classes

Abstract

Effects of three surfactants on the filtration rates by marine mussels were studied. The xenobiotics tested represented anionic, cationic and non-ionic surfactants (tetradecyltrimethylammonium bromide, a representative of a class of cationic surfactants; sodium dodecyl sulphate, a representative of anionic alkyl sulfates; and Triton X-100, a representative of non-ionic hydroxyethylated alkyl phenols). All three surfactants inhibited the clearance rates. The significance of the results for the ecology of marine ecosystems is discussed.

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Abbreviations

CR:

clearance rate

EMIS:

the electromagnetic induction system

SDS:

sodium dodecyl sulphate

TDTMA:

tetradecyltrimethylammonium bromide

TX100:

Triton X-100

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Ostroumov, S.A., Widdows, J. Inhibition of Mussel Suspension Feeding by Surfactants of Three Classes. Hydrobiologia 556, 381 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10750-005-1200-7

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Keywords

  • surfactants
  • filter-feeders
  • clearance rates
  • marine mussels
  • toxicity