Human Ecology

, Volume 44, Issue 5, pp 577–594 | Cite as

Seed Sharing in Amazonian Indigenous Rain Forest Communities: a Social Network Analysis in three Achuar Villages, Peru

  • Christian Abizaid
  • Oliver T. Coomes
  • Mathilde Perrault-Archambault
Article

Abstract

Farmer-to-farmer seed transfers are important for plant domestication, the dissemination of improved crops and in building and maintaining agricultural diversity. Seed sharing may be conceptualized as networks through which planting material flows and landraces are disseminated and conserved. To date, research on seed sharing networks has focused on sociograms and network measures to describe their structure and key actors within them; their bivariate or multivariate correlates have been studied using conventional statistics. We conducted a study of home garden agrobiodiversity and seed networks in three Achuar communities along the upper Corrientes River in Peru. We examine the distribution of home garden crop species within and across communities and apply multivariate techniques within Social Network Analysis (SNA) to analyse the formation and structure of seed networks and to identify key actors in seed sharing. Of particular interest is the relationship among crop diversity, farmer expertise, kinship, and seed sharing behavior. Our results point to the importance of kinship relations, community size, and the ‘knowledge-plant transfer’ nexus in shaping seed networks.

Keywords

Agrobiodiversity Farmer seed exchange Ethnobotanical knowledge Home gardens Indigenous peoples Peru Amazonia 

Supplementary material

10745_2016_9852_MOESM1_ESM.xlsx (10 kb)
ESM 1 Supplementary Material Table S1(XLSX 10 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christian Abizaid
    • 1
  • Oliver T. Coomes
    • 2
  • Mathilde Perrault-Archambault
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Geography and School of the EnvironmentUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  2. 2.Department of GeographyMcGill UniversityMontrealCanada
  3. 3.Independent ScholarLyonFrance

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