Human Ecology

, Volume 44, Issue 3, pp 375–391 | Cite as

Impacts and Implications of Researcher Identity and Academic Practice: Future Directions for Public Engagement and Ecological Research

  • Amanda E. SorensenEmail author
  • Rebecca C. Jordan


Citizen science has extensively been reported as a useful tool for scientists gathering large quantities of information (Silvertown et al.2011; Dickinson et al.2010; Bonney et al.2009). Citizen Science has been broadly defined in previous literature. We employ the following for purposes of this paper: partnerships between scientists and the public where data are collected, shared, and analyzed (Jordan et al. 2012). These partnerships result in projects that range in participation capacity, participation design, and project goals. On one hand, there are participatory action research projects (Cooper et al. 2007), initially defined by Caren Cooper as projects initiated by non-scientist members of the public and developed hand-in-hand with scientists or scientists hired by the project as consultants (see also Shirk et al. 2012). On the other hand there are crowdsourced or contributory citizen science projects (Bonney et al. 2009), which allow researchers to gather large...


Citizen Science Identity Variable Academic Practice Public Outreach Citizen Science Project 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We would like to thank Daniel Betz and David Howe for their thoughtful review of this manuscript.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

All human subjects work was approved by Rutgers University IRB Protocol Approval Number E15–264.

Conflict of Interest Statement

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Program in Science Learning, Rutgers UniversityThe State University of New JerseyNew BrunswickUSA

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