Human Ecology

, Volume 43, Issue 4, pp 613–620 | Cite as

Persistence of Two Small Antelope Species in the Degraded Mutara Rangelands (Akagera Ecosystem) Based on Pastoralists’ and Farmers’ Perceptions

  • Ann Apio
  • Prosper Umuntunundi
  • Hannes Lerp
  • David Bierbach
  • Martin Plath
  • Torsten Wronski


For many endangered wildlife populations, scientific information necessary for sustainable conservation management is insufficient and difficult to obtain. In such cases, possible alternative sources of information on wildlife populations and their habitats should be sought out, evaluated, and integrated into management decisions and monitoring programs (Nadasdy 1999; Gilchrist et al.2005). Traditional and local ecological knowledge are increasingly recognized as potential sources of information to complement conventional scientific approaches (e.g., Chemilinsky 1991; Berkes et al.2000). Human communities, especially those living in and around protected areas, often have intimate and long-standing relationships with those areas (Trakolis 2001; Uddin and Foisal 2007), and their local knowledge is increasingly integrated in conservation biology, ecosystem management, and ecological restoration (Berkes et al.2000; Kimmerer 2002; Charnley et al.2008). For example, rangeland...


Habitat Type Encounter Rate Local Ecological Knowledge Game Reserve Transect Belt 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We wish to thank the people of the Mutara, Eastern Province of Rwanda, for their hospitality and generous willingness to provide information. Furthermore, we would like to thank Godfrey Kanyoge Bagire for assisting with some interviews. Financial support was provided by a post-doc research grant from the University of Rwanda, granted by the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA) and a joint grant by the Third World Academy of Science and the German Science Foundation (TWAS-DFG; PL 470/4-1) as well as the BTypes project funded by the Leibniz Competition (SAW-2013-IGB-2).

Supplementary material

10745_2015_9753_MOESM1_ESM.doc (26 kb)
ESM 1 Semi-structured questionnaire for gardeners, cattle owners and herdsmen to receive information on the abundance of bushbuck (Impongo) and duiker (Ishi) (DOC 26 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ann Apio
    • 1
  • Prosper Umuntunundi
    • 1
  • Hannes Lerp
    • 2
  • David Bierbach
    • 3
  • Martin Plath
    • 4
  • Torsten Wronski
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Wildlife and Aquatic Resources Management, College of Veterinary Medicine and AgricultureUniversity of RwandaNyagatareRwanda
  2. 2.Natural History Collections, Museum WiesbadenWiesbadenGermany
  3. 3.Department of Biology and Ecology of Fishes, Leibniz-Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland FisheriesBerlinGermany
  4. 4.Northwest A&F University, College of Animal Science and TechnologyYanglingPeople’s Republic of China

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