Human Ecology

, Volume 42, Issue 5, pp 801–802 | Cite as

Response to Vayda’s Review

  • Leslie E. SponselEmail author

Andrew P. Vayda’s (2014) review of my book, Spiritual Ecology: A Quiet Revolution (Sponsel 2012), is misleading for readers who have not read the book for themselves because his review is so biased and inaccurate.

Vayda begins by questioning the logic of the underlying argument of the book by stating that: “…the very worsening of environmental problems may cause more determined and better application of secular fixes…” This may prove true, but does not invalidate the potential and actual contributions of spiritual ecology as documented in the book.

Next Vayda asserts that: “A second ground for questioning the logic is that spiritual ecology by itself need not be seen as the only alternative to secular fixes.” However, I never state that spiritual ecology is the only alternative. Instead, I argue that secular fixes, although they are certainly necessary and have accomplished much of importance, have proven insufficient after decades, points that apparently Vayda does not dispute. I...


Environmental Problem Early Education Political Ecology Wetland Conservation Conference Statement 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyUniversity of HawaiiHonoluluUSA

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