Advertisement

Human Ecology

, Volume 42, Issue 5, pp 793–799 | Cite as

Impacts of Early Homestead Abandonment on Forests and Soils at Scotia Barrens, Central Pennsylvania: Implications for Altered and Arrested Vegetation Development

  • M. D. AbramsEmail author
  • S. E. Johnson
Article
  • 152 Downloads

Introduction

Land-use history is an important determinant of vegetation patterns in many ecosystems world-wide (Foster 1992, Orwig and Abrams 1994, Verheyen et al. 1999, Dahlstrom et al. 2006). Forest composition has been reported to differ between sites following agricultural abandonment compared with nearby unplowed soils (Glitzenstein et al. 1990, Motzkin et al. 1996). Differences have also been reported in soil chemistry and nutrient cycling processes, including higher pH and calcium in cultivated forest and grassland soils (Glatzel 1991, Connell et al. 1995, Verheyen et al. 1999). However, impacts of land-use history on soil chemistry may be less profound in the U.S. than in Europe (Motzkin et al. 1996, Koerner et al. 1997, Flinn et al. 2005). This has been attributed to the comparatively short history of post-European settlement (150–400 years) in the U.S. relative to Europe (5,000 + years; Foster 1992). Moreover, there is a relative scarcity of detailed studies on the impacts...

Keywords

Shrub Cover Forest Composition Overstory Tree Invasive Shrub Control Forest 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Abrams, M. D. (1996). Distribution, historical development and ecophysiological attributes of oak species in the eastern United States. Annales des Sciences Forestières 53: 487–512.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Abrams, M. D. (1998). The red maple paradox. BioScience 48: 355–364.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Abrams, M. D. (2003). Where has all the white oak gone? BioScience 53: 927–939.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Abrams, M. D., and Hayes, V. L. W. (2008). Impacts of contrasting land-use history and soils on the composition and dynamics in mixed-oak, coastal plain forests on Shelter Island, New York, USA. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Club 135: 37–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Abrams, M. D., and Nowacki, G. J. (1992). Historical variation in fire, oak recruitment, and post-logging accelerated succession in Pennsylvania. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 119: 19–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Abrams, M. D., and Nowacki, G. J. (2008). Native Americans as active and passive promoters of mast and fruit trees in the eastern USA. The Holocene 18: 1123–1137.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Braker, W. I. (1975). Soil Survey of Centre County. USDA Soil Conservation Service, Pennsylvania.Google Scholar
  8. Braun, E. L. (1950). Deciduous Forests of Eastern North America. Macmillan, New York, p. 596.Google Scholar
  9. Clark, J. S. (1986). Coastal forest tree populations in a changing environment, southeastern Long Island, New York. Ecological Monographs 56: 259–277.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Connell, M. J., Raison, R. J., and Khanna, P. K. (1995). Nitrogen mineralization in relation to site history and soil properties for a range of Australian forest soils. Biological Fertility and Soils 20: 213–220.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Dahlstrom, A., Cousins, S. A. O., Ousins, O., and Erikson, O. (2006). The history (1620–2003) of land-use, people and livestock, and the relationship to present plant species diversity in a rural landscape in Sweden. Environmental History 12: 191–212.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Egler, F. E. (1954). Vegetation science concepts 1. Initial floristic composition, a factor in old-field vegetation development. Vegetatio 4: 412–417.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Ehrenfeld, J. G. (1982). The history of the vegetation and the land of Morristown National Historical Park, New Jersey, since 1700. Bulletin of the New Jersey Academy of Sciences 27: 1–19.Google Scholar
  14. Flinn, K. M., Vellend, M., and Marks, P. L. (2005). Environmental causes and consequences of forest clearance and agricultural abandonment in central New York, USA. Journal of Biogeography 32: 439–452.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Foster, D. R. (1992). Land-use history (1730–1990) and vegetation dynamics in central New England, USA. Journal of Ecology 80: 753–772.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Foster, D. R., Motzkin, G., and Slater, B. (1998). Land-use history as long-term broad-scale disturbance: Regional forest dynamics in central New England. Ecosystems 1: 96–119.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Gavin, D. G., Brubaker, L. B., and Lertzman, K. P. (2003). Holocene fire history of a coastal temperate rain forest based on soil charcoal radiocarbon dates. Ecology 84: 186–201.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Glatzel, G. (1991). The impact of historic land use and modern forestry on nutrient relations of central European forest ecosystems. Fertilizer Research 27: 1–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Glitzenstein, J. S., Canham, C. D., McDonnell, M. J., and Streng, D. R. (1990). Effects of environment and land-use history on upland forests of the Cary Arboretum, Hudson Valley, New York. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 117: 106–122.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Horsley, S. B., Stout, S. L., and DeCalesta, D. S. (2003). White-tailed deer impact on the vegetation dynamics of a northern hardwood forest. Ecological Applications 13: 98–118.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Keever, C. (1973). Distribution of major forest species in southern Pennsylvania. Ecological Monographs 43: 303–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Koerner, W., Dupouey, J. L., Dambrine, E., and Benoit, M. (1997). Influence of past land use on the vegetation and soils of present day forest in the Vosges Mountains. France. Journal of. Ecology 85: 351–358.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Kosse, A. (1994). Anthrosols in the World Reference Base (WRB). In Transactions of the 15th World Congress of Soil Science. Etchevers, B. [ed], Acapulco, Mexico, July 10–16, 1994. International Society of Soil Science.Google Scholar
  24. Lorimer, C. G. (1984). Development of the red maple understory in northeastern oak forests. Forest Science 30: 3–22.Google Scholar
  25. Luken, J. O., and Thieret, J. W. (1996). Amur honeysuckle, its fall from grace. BioScience 46: 18–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Motzkin, G., Eberhardt, R., Hall, B., Foster, D. R., Harrod, J., and MacDonald, D. (2002). Vegetation variation across Cape Cod, Massachusetts: Environmental and historical determinants. Journal of Biogeography 29: 1439–1454.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Motzkin, G., Foster, D. R., Allen, A., Harrod, J., and Boone, R. D. (1996). Controlling site to evaluate history: Vegetation patterns of a New England sand plain. Ecological Monographs 66: 345–365.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Munsell Color Company (1975). Munsell soil color charts, 1975th ed. Munsell Color Company, Baltimore.Google Scholar
  29. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). National Climatic Data Center. Climate Data Online website accessed February 2014. http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/cdo-wed.
  30. Nowacki, G. J., and Abrams, M. D. (1992). Community, edaphic, and historical analysis of mixed-oak forests in the Ridge and Valley province of central Pennsylvania. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 22: 790–800.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Nowacki, G. J., and Abrams, M. D. (2008). Demise of fire and mesophication of eastern U.S. forests. BioScience 58: 123–138.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. O’Brien, M. J., O’Hara, K. L., Erbilgin, N., and Wood, D. L. (2007). Overstory and shrub effects on natural regeneration processes in native Pinus radiata stands. Forest Ecology and Management 240: 178–185.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Ohlson, M., and Tryterud, E. (2000). Interpretation of the charcoal record in forest soils: Forest fires and their production and deposition of macroscopic charcoal. The Holocene 10: 519–525.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Orwig, D. A., and Abrams, M. D. (1994). Land-use history (1720–1992), composition, and dynamics of oak-pine forests within the Piedmont and Coastal Plain of northern Virginia. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 24: 2141–2149.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Patterson, D. T. (1976). The history and distribution of five exotic weeds in North Carolina. Castanea 41: 177–180.Google Scholar
  36. Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture (2011). PA Noxious Weed Alert: Multiflora Rose (Rosa multiflora). Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture, Harrisburg.Google Scholar
  37. R Core Team. (2012). R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. http://www.R-project.org
  38. Raich, J. W., and Tufekcioglu, A. (2000). Vegetation and soil respiration: Correlations and controls. Biogeochemistry 48: 71–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Russell, E. W. B. (1997). People and the Land through Time: Linking Ecology and History. Yale University Press, New Haven, p. 306.Google Scholar
  40. Sylvain, Z. A., and Wall, D. H. (2011). Linking soil biodiversity and vegetation: Implications for a changing planet. American Journal of Botany 98: 517–527.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Verheyen, K., Bossuyt, B., Hermy, M., and Tack, G. (1999). The land use history (1278–1990) of a mixed hardwood forest in western Belgium and its relationship with chemical soil characteristics. Journal of Biogeography 26: 1115–1128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Williams, H. M. (1992). The Story of Scotia, Edited by Johnson, B. F. The Centre County Historical Society, State College, Pennsylvania. Original manuscript contained in the Historical Collections and Labor Archives of the Pennsylvania State University, University Park.Google Scholar
  43. Whitney, G. G. (1994). From Coastal Wilderness to Fruited Plain. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, p. 451.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Ecosystem Science and ManagementPenn State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA

Personalised recommendations