Human Ecology

, Volume 42, Issue 2, pp 249–266 | Cite as

Landscape Agency and Evenki-Iakut Reindeer Husbandry Along the Zhuia River, Eastern Siberia

  • David G. Anderson
  • Evgenii M. Ineshin
  • Natalia V. Kulagina
  • Mika Lavento
  • Oksana P. Vinkovskaya
Article

Abstract

This interdisciplinary study applies a series of environmental tests developed in Fennoscandia to elaborate the patterns created by contemporary and past reindeer husbandry along the Zhuia River, Bodaibo district, Irkutsk oblast’, Russian Federation. We successfully used pollen and fungal spore analysis to document the long-term use of one site by ungulates–although it remains unclear if these animals were ‘domestic’ reindeer or not. The date of occupation could go as far back as the fourteenth century. The on-site phosphate analysis, attempted for the first time in Eastern Siberia, proved a useful tool for locating the sites of animal action although failed to specify the boundaries of that action. It did emphasise the importance of accounting for the agency of wind in ordering reindeer behaviour. Finally, the combined phosphate, botanical, and pollen work documented a history of succession of types of land-use from the hunting of Rangifer, to holding Rangifer, to the maintenance of meadows for horses or cattle, to the formation of cereal crops and vegetable patches. The combined use of these methods and a discussion of the ambiguities they produced suggests that they are best employed to find distinctive sites in the landscape which attract both people and animals and are less effective in documenting a Euro-American vision of trust or domination in human-animal relations.

Keywords

Siberia Evenki Reindeer Pastoralism Landscape Ethnography Pollen Phosphate History of Science 

Supplementary material

10745_2013_9632_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (305 kb)
Table S1% of area occupied by specific plant species by phytozone (PDF 304 KB)
10745_2013_9632_MOESM2_ESM.pdf (62 kb)
Figure S1aComplete Nechera Pollen Chart–Part 1 [Trees, Shrubs, Herbs] (by Dr. Edward Schofield) (PDF 61.8 KB)
10745_2013_9632_MOESM3_ESM.pdf (57 kb)
Figure S1bComplete Nechera Pollen Chart–Part 2 [cryptogram and spores] (by Dr. Edward Schofield) (PDF 57.2 KB)
10745_2013_9632_MOESM4_ESM.pdf (74 kb)
Figure S2aComplete Tolondo Pollen Chart–Part 1 [Trees, Shrubs, Herbs] (by Dr. Edward Schofield) (PDF 73.6 KB)
10745_2013_9632_MOESM5_ESM.pdf (64 kb)
Figure S2bComplete Tolondo Pollen Chart–Part 2 [cryptogram and spores] (by Dr. Edward Schofield) (PDF 63.5 KB)
10745_2013_9632_MOESM6_ESM.pdf (3.9 mb)
Figure S3Complete Age-Depth Model for Lake Tolondo (by Dr. Dmitri Maquoy). The model presents a graphic representation of the most likely ages for the four AMS dates given the minimum, maximum and error spread given by the INTECAL09 calibration and the most like permutations as calculated by the statistical package ‘Bacon’ at a 95% confidence level. The curve is calibrated with a standard algorithm for sediments (PDF 3.87 MB)
10745_2013_9632_MOESM7_ESM.pdf (57.4 mb)
Figure S4Soil characteristics at Lake Tolondo (PDF 57.4 MB)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • David G. Anderson
    • 1
  • Evgenii M. Ineshin
    • 2
  • Natalia V. Kulagina
    • 3
  • Mika Lavento
    • 4
  • Oksana P. Vinkovskaya
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyUniversity of AberdeenAberdeenUK
  2. 2.Laboratory of Archeology, Paleoecology and the Livelihoods of the Peoples of Northern AsiaIrkutsk State Technical UniversityIrkutskRussia
  3. 3.Institute of the Earth’s Crust, Siberian BranchRussian Academy of SciencesIrkutskRussia
  4. 4.Department of Philosophy, History, Culture and Arts/ArchaeologyUniversity of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland
  5. 5.Irkutsk State Agricultural AcademyIrkutskRussia

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