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PcBEHR: patient-controlled blockchain enabled electronic health records for healthcare 4.0

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Industry 4.0 has ushered in a new era in the manufacturing industry. Healthcare delivery, like manufacturing, is on the verge of a fundamental shift into the new era of smart and connected health care, termed Health Care 4.0. Sharing healthcare data is an important step in improving the healthcare system’s intelligence and service quality. Healthcare data, which is a personal asset of the patient, should be owned and managed by the patient rather than being dispersed among several healthcare systems, preventing data exchange and jeopardizing patient privacy. Electronic Health Records (EHRs) assist individuals by allowing them to combine and manage their medical data. On the other hand, today’s EHR systems fall short of providing patients with traceable, trustworthy, and secure ownership over their medical data, creating serious security risks. Furthermore, the most of present EHR techniques and systems are centralized, making it difficult to share medical data and increasing the danger of a single point of failure. Blockchain technology can enable dependable, transparent, and auditable computing in the healthcare industry by utilizing a decentralized network of peers and a public ledger. In this article, we propose Patient-Controlled Blockchain Enabled Electronic Health Records as a way for patients to have safe control over their data that is decentralized, immutable, transparent, traceable, and trustworthy. Decentralized Interplanetary file storage is used in the suggested technique. Two main performance criteria are used to evaluate the suggested solutions: cost and accuracy.

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Correspondence to Bipin Kumar Rai.

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Rai, B.K. PcBEHR: patient-controlled blockchain enabled electronic health records for healthcare 4.0. Health Serv Outcomes Res Method 23, 80–102 (2023).

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