Journal of the History of Biology

, Volume 48, Issue 1, pp 137–167 | Cite as

The Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole) and the Scientific Advancement of Women in the Early 20th Century: The Example of Mary Jane Hogue (1883–1962)

Historiographic Essay

Abstract

The Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL) in Woods Hole, MA provided opportunities for women to conduct research in the late 19th and early 20th century at a time when many barriers existed to their pursuit of a scientific career. One woman who benefited from the welcoming environment at the MBL was Mary Jane Hogue. Her remarkable career as an experimental biologist spanned over 55 years. Hogue was born into a Quaker family in 1883 and received her undergraduate degree from Goucher College. She went to Germany to obtain an advanced degree, and her research at the University of Würzburg with Theodor Boveri resulted in her Ph.D. (1909). Although her research interests included experimental embryology, and the use of tissue culture to study a variety of cell types, she is considered foremost a protozoologist. Her extraordinary demonstration of chromidia (multiple fission) in the life history of a new species of Flabellula associated with diseased oyster beds is as important as it is ignored. We discuss Hogue’s career path and her science to highlight the importance of an informal network of teachers, research advisors, and other women scientists at the MBL all of whom contributed to her success as a woman scientist.

Keywords

Marine Biological Laboratory in Woods Hole Goucher College experimental embryology 20th century women in science female pioneers in protozoology history of biology biography 

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Hogue’s Scientific Publications (Peer-reviewed)

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  33. Hogue, M.J., and de Rényi, G.S. 1939. “Giant Muscle Cells in Tissue Cultures.” Arch exp Zellforsch 23: 122–124.Google Scholar
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  35. de Rényi, G.S., and Hogue, M.J. 1944. “The Behavior of Trichomonas vaginalis in a Semi-Solid Medium.” American Journal of Tropical Medicine 24: 255–258.Google Scholar
  36. de Rényi, G.S., and Hogue, M.J. 1946. “Tissue Cultures of the Brain. Intercellular Granules.” The Journal of Comparative Neurology 85: 519–530.Google Scholar
  37. de Rényi, G.S., and Hogue, M.J. 1947a. “The Behavior of Trichomonas vaginalis in Tissue Cultures: A Movie.” Journal of Parasitology 33: 199–200.Google Scholar
  38. de Rényi, G.S., and Hogue, M.J. 1947b. “Human Fetal Brain Cells in Tissue Cultures: Their Identification and Motility.” Journal of Experimental Zoology 106: 85–107.Google Scholar
  39. de Rényi, G.S., and Hogue, M.J. 1947c. “Human Fetal Ependymal Cells in Tissue Cultures.” Anatomical Record 99: 523–529.Google Scholar
  40. de Rényi, G.S., and Hogue, M.J. 1947d. “Intercalated Disks in Tissue Cultures.” Anatomical Record 99: 157–162.Google Scholar
  41. de Rényi, G.S., and Hogue, M.J. 1949a. “Human Fetal Choroid Plexus Cells in Tissue Cultures.” Anatomical Record 103: 381–399.Google Scholar
  42. de Rényi, G.S., and Hogue, M.J. 1949b. “A Method for Preventing Moisture Condensation During Photography of Tissue Cultures in Hanging Drops.” Science 110: 188–189.Google Scholar
  43. de Rényi, G.S., and Hogue, M.J. 1950. “Brain Cells from Human Fetuses and Infants, Cultured In Vitro After Death of the Individuals.” Anatomical Record 108: 457–475.Google Scholar
  44. de Rényi, G.S., and Hogue, M.J. 1952a. “Nuclear Activities of Human Fetal Brain Cells in Tissue Cultures.” Experimental Cell Research 3: 360–366.Google Scholar
  45. de Rényi, G.S., and Hogue, M.J. 1952b. “Review of Studies of Human Fetal Brain Cells in Tissue Cultures.” Études NÉo-Natales 1: 1–13.Google Scholar
  46. de Rényi, G.S., and Hogue, M.J. 1953. “A Study of Adult Human Brain Cells Grown in Tissue Cultures.” American Journal of Anatomy 93: 397–427.Google Scholar
  47. Rubin, A., Springer, G.F., and Hogue, M.J. 1954. “The Effect of Deuterium Glucosamine Hydrochloride and Related Compounds on Tissue Cultures of the Solid Form of Mouse Sarcoma 37.” Cancer Research 14: 456–458.Google Scholar
  48. Hogue, M.J., McAllister, R., Greene, A.E., and Coriell, L.L. 1955. “The Effect of Poliomyelitis Virus on Human Brain Cells in Tissue Culture.” Journal of Experimental Medicine 102: 29–36.Google Scholar
  49. Hogue, M.J., and Rubin, A. 1955. “Studies on the Solid Form of Mouse Sarcoma 37 Grown in Tissue Culture.” Cancer Research 15: 462–463.Google Scholar
  50. Hogue, M.J., McAllister, R., Greene, A.E., and Coriell, L.L. 1958. “A Comparative Study of the Effect of the Poliomyelitis Virus Types 1, 2, and 3 on Human Brain Cells Grown in Tissue Culture.” American Journal of Hygiene 67: 267–275.Google Scholar

Hogue’s Publications in the Goucher Alumnae Quarterly

  1. Hogue, M.J. 1925. “To the Older Alumnae.” Goucher Alumnae Quarterly 5(1): 17–21.Google Scholar
  2. Hogue, M.J. 1926c. “Woods Hole.” Goucher Alumnae Quarterly 5(4): 17–19.Google Scholar
  3. Hogue, M.J. 1929. “Margaret Reed Lewis.” Goucher Alumnae Quarterly 7(3): 49–52.Google Scholar
  4. Hogue, M.J. 1938b. “Birthday Party.” Goucher Alumnae Quarterly 17(1): 19–21.Google Scholar
  5. Hogue, M.J. 1940. “Maynard Mayo Metcalf.” Goucher Alumnae Quarterly 18(3): 28–29.Google Scholar
  6. Hogue, M.J. 1943b. “The New Alumnae Trustee.” Goucher Alumnae Quarterly 22(1): 5.Google Scholar
  7. Hogue, M.J. 1951. “The Contribution of Goucher Women to the Biological Sciences.” Goucher Alumnae Quarterly 29(4): 13–22.Google Scholar
  8. Peebles, F., and Hogue, M.J. 1934. “An Appreciation of Dr. Metcalf.” Goucher Alumnae Quarterly 12(2): 16.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of BiologyWilliams CollegeWilliamstownUSA
  2. 2.Marine Biological LaboratoryWoods HoleUSA
  3. 3.Institut für Zellbiologie und Neurowissenschaft, Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am MainFrankfurt am MainGermany

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