Journal of the History of Biology

, Volume 48, Issue 1, pp 137–167 | Cite as

The Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole) and the Scientific Advancement of Women in the Early 20th Century: The Example of Mary Jane Hogue (1883–1962)

  • Steven J. Zottoli
  • Ernst-August Seyfarth
Historiographic Essay


The Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL) in Woods Hole, MA provided opportunities for women to conduct research in the late 19th and early 20th century at a time when many barriers existed to their pursuit of a scientific career. One woman who benefited from the welcoming environment at the MBL was Mary Jane Hogue. Her remarkable career as an experimental biologist spanned over 55 years. Hogue was born into a Quaker family in 1883 and received her undergraduate degree from Goucher College. She went to Germany to obtain an advanced degree, and her research at the University of Würzburg with Theodor Boveri resulted in her Ph.D. (1909). Although her research interests included experimental embryology, and the use of tissue culture to study a variety of cell types, she is considered foremost a protozoologist. Her extraordinary demonstration of chromidia (multiple fission) in the life history of a new species of Flabellula associated with diseased oyster beds is as important as it is ignored. We discuss Hogue’s career path and her science to highlight the importance of an informal network of teachers, research advisors, and other women scientists at the MBL all of whom contributed to her success as a woman scientist.


Marine Biological Laboratory in Woods Hole Goucher College experimental embryology 20th century women in science female pioneers in protozoology history of biology biography 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.



We thank the late Lynn Margulis for her encouragement and enthusiasm for this manuscript and her willingness to review an earlier version. She was a self-proclaimed “Hogue fan, chromidia investigator and propagule-seeker” and we will miss her dearly. We also would like to thank John F. Alderete and Patricia Johnson for their comments on Hogue’s T. vaginalis research. We appreciate the aid we received from librarians at the many institutions with which Hogue was associated. We are particularly grateful to Helena Warburg, Head of the Schow Science Library and Alison O’Grady, Interlibrary Loan Supervisor at Williams College for their help and patience during the preparation of this manuscript. We are also indebted to Miss Marion Strode, Assistant Librarian of the Chester County Historical Society, West Chester, PA; Christiane Groeben, Curator of Historical Archives and the History of Science Unit at the Stazione Zoologica “Anton Dohrn,” Napoli; Crawford Keenan, The Alan Mason Chesney Medical Archives of The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore; Sydney Roby, Special Collections Librarian, Goucher College, Baltimore; Guenther E. Roth, Freie Universität, Berlin and Diane M. Rielinger, Co-Director of the MBLWHOI Library, Woods Hole, MA.


  1. Alderete, J.F., and Pearlman, E. 1984. “Pathogenic Trichomonas vaginalis Cytotoxicity to Cell Culture Monolayers.” The British Journal of Venereal Diseases 60: 99–105.Google Scholar
  2. Allen, G.A. 1978. Life Science in the Twentieth Century. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press.Google Scholar
  3. Alvarez-Sanchez, M.E., et al. 2000. “A Novel Cysteine Proteinase (CP65) of Trichomonas vaginalis Involved in Cytotoxicity.” Microbial Pathogenesis 28: 193–202.Google Scholar
  4. Arroyo, R., and Alderete, J.F. 1995. “Two Trichomonas vaginalis Surface Proteinases Bind to Host Epithelial Cells and are Related to Levels of Cytoadherence and Cytotoxicity.” Archives of Medical Research 26: 279–285.Google Scholar
  5. Baltzer, F. 1967. Theodor Boveri, Life and Work of a Great Biologist, 1862–1915. Los Angeles: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  6. Benson, K.R. 1988. “From Museum Research to Laboratory Research: The Transformation of Natural History into Academic Biology.” R. Rainger, K.R. Benson, and J. Maienschein (eds.), The American Development of Biology. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, pp. 49–86.Google Scholar
  7. Boveri, T. 1904. “Protoplasmadifferenzierung als auslösender Faktor für Kernverschie-denheit”. Sitz-Ber d phys.-med Ges Würzburg 1904: 1–5.Google Scholar
  8. Boveri, T., and Hogue, M.J. 1909. “Über die Möglichkeit, Ascaris-Eier zur Teilung in zwei gleichwertige Blastomeren zu veranlassen.” Sitz-Ber d phys-med Ges WÜrzburg 1909: 44–48.Google Scholar
  9. Budington, R.A. 1941. “Memorial to Dr. M.M. Metcalf.” The Biological Bulletin 81: 21–22.Google Scholar
  10. Calkins, G.N. 1933. The Biology of the Protozoa, 2nd ed. Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger.Google Scholar
  11. Calkins, G.N., and Summers, F.M. 1941. Protozoa in Biological Research. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  12. Cattell, J.M. 1960. American Men of Science, 10th ed. Tempe: The Jaques Cattell Press Inc., Arizona State University.Google Scholar
  13. Chieco, P., and Derenzini, M. 1999. “The Feulgen Reaction 75 Years on.” Histochemistry and Cell Biology 111: 345–358.Google Scholar
  14. Christian, R.T., et al. 1963. “A Study of Trichomonas vaginalis in Human Cell Culture.” American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 85: 947–954.Google Scholar
  15. Cope, G. 1899. Genealogy of Dunwoody and Hood Families and Collateral Branches. Minneapolis: Tribune Printing Co.Google Scholar
  16. Corliss, J.O. 1991. “The Impact of the “Blue Bible” (Calkins & Summers, 1941) on the Twentieth-Century Protozoology.” Revista de la Sociedad Mexicana de Historia Natural 42: 37–41.Google Scholar
  17. Corliss, J.O. 1993. “The Contributions of Women to the Science of Protozoology.” Acta Protozoologica 32: 129–134.Google Scholar
  18. Creese, M.R.S. 1998. Ladies in the Laboratory? American and British Women in Science, 1800–1900. A Survey of Their Contributions to Research. Lanham: The Scarecrow Press Inc.Google Scholar
  19. Davidson, E.H. 1968, 1976. Gene Activity in Early Development, 1st and 2nd eds. New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  20. Dobell, C.C. 1907. “Observations on the Life-history of Adelia ovata, Aimé Schneider, with a Note on a New Gregarine from the Gut of Lithobius forficatus.” Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 79: 155–163.Google Scholar
  21. Dobell, C.C. 1909. “Chromidia and the Binuclearity Hypotheses: A Review and a Criticism.” The Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science 53: 279–326.Google Scholar
  22. Dobell, C.C. 1913. Observations on the Life-history of Cienkowski’s “Arachnula.” Archiv für Protistenkunde 31: 317–353.Google Scholar
  23. Dogiel, V.A. 1965. General Protozoology, 2nd ed. (Revised by J.I. Poljanskij and E.M. Chejsin.). Oxford: The Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  24. Draper, D.W., et al. 1995. “Trichomonas vaginalis Weakens Human Amniochorion in an In Vitro Model of Premature Membrane Rupture.” Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology 2: 267–274.Google Scholar
  25. Enzien, M., McKhann, H.I., and Margulis, L. 1989. “Ecology and Life History of an Amoebomastigote, Paratetramitus jugosus, from a Microbial Mat: New Evidence for Multiple Fission.” Biological Bulletin 177: 110–129.Google Scholar
  26. Farris, V.K., and Honigberg, B.M. 1970. “Behavior and Pathogenicity of Trichomonas vaginalis Donné in Chick Liver Cell Cultures.” Journal of Parasitology 56: 849–882.Google Scholar
  27. Fiori, P.L., Rappelli, P., and Addis, M.F. 1999. “The Flagellated Parasite Trichomonas vaginalis: New Insights into Cytopathogenicity Mechanisms.” Microbes and Infection 2: 149–156.Google Scholar
  28. Gardiner, M.S. 1941. Bryn Mawr College Meeting in Memory of David Hilt Tennent, Feb. 16, 1941, Bryn Mawr Archives.Google Scholar
  29. Gardiner, M.S. 1949. “Biographical Memoir of David Hilt Tennent 1873–1941.” National Academy Sciences 26: 98–119.Google Scholar
  30. Gilbert, S. 2010. Developmental Biology, 9th ed. Sunderland: Sinauer.Google Scholar
  31. Gilbert, R.O., et al. 2000. “Cytopathogenic Effect of Trichomonas vaginalis on Human Vaginal Epithelial Cells Cultured In Vitro.” Infection and Immunity 68: 4200–4206.Google Scholar
  32. Graves, A., and Gardner, Jr., W.A. 1993. “Pathogenicity of Trichomonas vaginalis.” Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology 36: 145–151.Google Scholar
  33. Grinstein, L.S., Biermann, C.A.,and Rose, R.K. 1997. Women in the Biological Sciences. A Biobibliographic Sourcebook. Westport: Greenwood Press.Google Scholar
  34. Harvey, A.M. 1975. “Johns Hopkins—The Birthplace of Tissue Culture: The Story of Ross G. Harrison, Warren H. Lewis, and George O. Gey.” Johns Hopkins Medical Journal 136: 142–149.Google Scholar
  35. Heath, J.P. 1981. “Behaviour and Pathogenicity of Trichomonas vaginalis in Epithelial Cell Cultures.” The British Journal of Venereal Diseases 57: 106–117.Google Scholar
  36. Hegner, R.W. 1924. “Some Investigations on Entozoic Protozoa.” American Naturalist 58: 5–23.Google Scholar
  37. Heger, R.W. 1940. “Contributions of Maynard M. Metcalf to Protozoology.” Journal of Parasitology 26: 522–524.Google Scholar
  38. Herzenberg, C.L. 1986. Women Scientists from Antiquity to the Present: An Index: An International Listing and Biographical Directory of Some Notable Women Scientists from Ancient to Modern Times. St. Stephen’s Church: Locust Hill Press.Google Scholar
  39. Honigberg, B.M. 1990. “Host Cell–Trichomonad Interactions and Virulence Assays in In Vitro Systems.” BM Honigberg (ed.), Trichomonads Parasitic in Humans. New York: Springer, pp. 155–388.Google Scholar
  40. Honigberg, B.M., et al. 1964. “The Behavior and Pathogenicity of Two Stains of Trichomonas gallinae in Cell Cultures.” Journal of Protozoology 11: 447–465.Google Scholar
  41. Howes, D (ed.). 1981. American Women 1935–1940: A Composite Biographical Dictionary, 1 vol. Detroit: Gale Research Company, Book Tower.Google Scholar
  42. Hyde, I. 1938. “Before Women were Human Beings.” Journal of the American Association of University Women 31: 226–236.Google Scholar
  43. Kass-Simon, G., and Farnes, P. (eds.). 1990. Women of Science. Righting the Record. Indianapolis: Indiana University Press.Google Scholar
  44. Knipp, A.H., and Thomas, T.P. 1938. The History of Goucher College. Baltimore, MD: Goucher College.Google Scholar
  45. Kotcher, E., and Hoogasian, A.C. 1957. “Cultivation of Trichomonas vaginalis, Donné, 1837, in Association with Tissue Cultures”. Journal of Parasitology 43(suppl.): 39.Google Scholar
  46. Kudo, R.R. 1931. Handbook of Protozoology, 1st ed. Baltimore: Charles C. Thomas.Google Scholar
  47. Kudo, R.R. 1954. Handbook of Protozoology, 4th ed. Baltimore: Charles C. Thomas.Google Scholar
  48. Kulda, J. 1967. “Effect of Different Species of Trichomonads on Monkey Kidney Cell Cultures.” Folia Parasitologica 14: 295–310.Google Scholar
  49. Kulda, J., and Honigberg, B.M. 1969. “Behavior and Pathogenicity of Tritrichomonas foetus.” Journal of Protozoology 16: 479–495.Google Scholar
  50. Lubick, K.J., and Burgess, D.E. 2004. “Purification and Analysis of a Phospholipase A2-Like Lytic Factor of Trichomonas vaginalis.” Infection and Immunity 72: 1284–1290.Google Scholar
  51. Lushbaugh, W.B. et al. 1989. “Characterization of a Secreted Cytoactive Factor from Trichomonas vaginalis.” American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 41: 18–28.Google Scholar
  52. MacLennan, R.F. 1941. “Cytoplasmic Inclusions.” G.N. Calkins, and F.M. Summers (eds.), Protozoa in Biological Research. New York: Columbia University Press, pp. 111–190.Google Scholar
  53. Margulis, L., Enzien, M., and McKhann, H.I. 1990. “Revival of Dobell’s “Chromidia” Hypothesis: Chromatin Bodies in the Amoebomastigote Paratetramitus jugosus.” Biological Bulletin 178: 300–304.Google Scholar
  54. McDonald, H.M., et al. 1992. “Prenatal Microbiological Risk Factors Associated with Preterm Birth.” British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 99: 190–196.Google Scholar
  55. Metcalf, M.M. 1922. University Research. University of Buffalo Studies II(3): 95.Google Scholar
  56. Meyers, E.H. 1935. “The Life History of Patellina corrugata Williamson, a Foraminifer.” Bulletin of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography Technical Services 3: 355–391.Google Scholar
  57. Morgan, T.H. 1927. Experimental Embryology. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  58. Moritz, K.B., and Sauer, H.W. 1996. “Boveri’s Contributions to Developmental Biology – A Challenge for Today.” International Journal of Developmental Biology 40: 27–47.Google Scholar
  59. Ogilvie, M.B. 1993. Women in Science: Antiquity Through the Nineteenth Century. Cambridge: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  60. Ogilvie, M.B., and Harvey, J.D. (eds.). 2000. The Biographical Dictionary of Women in Science: Pioneering Lives from Ancient Times to the Mid-20th Century, Vols. 1 & 2. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  61. Oliver, B.C., and Shen, S.S. 1986. “Cytoplasmic Control of Chromosome Diminution in Ascaris suum.” Journal of Experimental Zoology 239: 41–45.Google Scholar
  62. Page, F.C. 1971. “Two Marine Species of Flabellula (Amoebida, Mayorellidae)*.” Journal of Protozoology 18: 37–44.Google Scholar
  63. Page, F.C. 1983. Marine Gymnamoebae. Cambridge: NERC Institute of Terrestrial Ecology.Google Scholar
  64. Parkinson, P.W. 1967. The Utah Woolley Family. Salt Lake: Desert News Press.Google Scholar
  65. Pindak, F.F., Gardner, Jr., W.A., and de Pindak, M.M. 1986. “Growth and Cytopathogenicity of Trichomonas vaginalis in Tissue Cultures.” Journal of Clinical Microbiology 23: 672–678.Google Scholar
  66. Pindak, F.F., de Pindak, M.M., and Gardner, Jr., W.A. 1993. “Contact-Independent Cytotoxicity of Trichomonas vaginalis.” Genitourinary Medicine 69: 35–40.Google Scholar
  67. Proffitt, P. (ed.). 1999. Notable Women Scientists. Boston: Gale Group.Google Scholar
  68. Richmond, M.L. 1989. “Protozoa as Precursors of Metazoa: German Cell Theory and Its Critics at the Turn of the Century.” Journal of the History of Biology 22: 243–276.Google Scholar
  69. Rossiter, M.W. 1982. Women Scientists in America. Struggles and Strategies to 1940. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  70. Rossiter, M.W. 1995. Women Scientists in America. Before Affirmative Action 19401972. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  71. Sander, K. 1994. “Of Gradients and Genes: Developmental Concepts of Theodor Boveri and His Students.” Roux’s Archives of Developmental Biology 203: 295–297.Google Scholar
  72. Satzinger, H. 2008. “Theodor and Marcella Boveri: Chromosomes and Cytoplasm in Heredity and Development.” Nature Reviews Genetics 9: 231–238.Google Scholar
  73. Sawyer, T.K. 1975. “Marine Amoebae from Surface Waters of Chincoteague Bay, Virginia: Two New Genera and Nine New Species Within the Families Mayorellidae, Flabellulidae, and Stereomyxidae.” Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 94: 71–92.Google Scholar
  74. Schaeffer, A.A. 1926. Taxonomy of the Amoebas. Publ. No. 345, Dept. Mar. Biol. Washington: Carnegie Inst. Washington.Google Scholar
  75. Singer, S.L. 2003. Adventures Abroad: North American Women at German-Speaking Universities, 1868–1915. Santa Barbara: Praeger.Google Scholar
  76. Smedley, S., and Brown, A.H. 1945. Catalog of Westtown Through the Years, Westtown Alumni Association, Westown, PA. Philadelphia: Lyon & Armor Inc.Google Scholar
  77. Sprague, V. 1971. “Diseases of Oysters.” Annual Review of Microbiology 25: 211–330.Google Scholar
  78. Thomas, G.A. 1956. “Tissue Culture in the Study of the Nervous System.” Guy’s Hospital Reports 105: 14–26.Google Scholar
  79. Treide, B.B. 1962. Mary Jane Hogue. Goucher Alumnae Quarterly Fall, 1905.Google Scholar
  80. Wall, R. 1990. This Side Up: Spatial Determination in the Early Development of Animals. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  81. Weinberg, R.A. 2008. “In Retrospect: The Chromosome Trail.” Nature 453: 725.Google Scholar
  82. Wiley, S.T. 1893. Biographical and Portrait Cyclopedia of Chester County, Pennsylvania: Comprising a Historical Sketch of the County by Samuel T. Wiley, Together with More Than Five Hundred Biographical Sketches of the Prominent Men and Leading Citizens of the County. London: Gresham Publishing Co.Google Scholar
  83. Wilson, E.B. 1925. The Cell in Development and Heredity, 3rd ed. New York: The Macmillan Co.Google Scholar
  84. Wilson, E.B. 1928. The Cell in Development and Heredity, 4th ed. New York: The Macmillan Co.Google Scholar
  85. Wright, M.R. 1997. “Marcella O’Grady Boveri (1863-1950): Her Three Careers in Biology.” Isis 88: 627–652.Google Scholar
  86. Zettler, L.A.A., et al. 2000. “A Molecular Reassessment of the Leptomyxid Amoebae.” Protist 151: 275–282.Google Scholar
  87. Zottoli, S.J., and Seyfarth, E.-A. 1994. “Julia B. Platt (1857–1935): Pioneer Comparative Embryologist and Neuroscientist.” Brain, Behavior and Evolution 43: 92–106.Google Scholar

Hogue’s Scientific Publications (Peer-reviewed)

  1. Tennent, D.H., and Hogue, M.J. 1906. “Studies on the Development of the Starfish Egg.” Journal of Experimental Zoology 3: 517–541.Google Scholar
  2. Stevens, N.M. (edited from contributions of M.A. Cannon, M.J. Hogue and, E.B. O’Neil). 1907. “A Histological Study of Regeneration in Planaria simplicissma, Planaria maculata and Planaria morgani.” Archiv f Enwickelungsmechanik der Organismen 24: 350–373.Google Scholar
  3. Boveri, T., and Hogue, M.J. 1909. “Über die Möglichkeit, Ascaris-Eier zur Teilung in zwei gleichwertige Blastomeren zu veranlassen.” Sitz-Ber d phys-med Ges WÜrzburg 1909: 44–48.Google Scholar
  4. Hogue, M.J. 1910. “Über die Wirkung der Centrifugalkraft auf die Eier von Ascaris megalocephala.” Archiv fÜr Entwicklungsmechanik der Organismen. 29: 109–145.Google Scholar
  5. Hogue, M.J. 1914. “Studies in the Life History of an Amoeba of the Limax Group, Vahlkampfia calkensi.” Archiv für Protistenkunde 35: 154–163.Google Scholar
  6. Hogue, M.J. 1917. “The Effect of Media of Different Densities on the Shape of Amoebae.” Journal of Experimental Zoology 22: 565–572.Google Scholar
  7. Hogue, M.J. 1919. “The Effect of Hypotonic and Hypertonic Solutions on Fibroblasts of the Embryonic Chick Heart in Vitro.” Journal of Experimental Medicine 30: 617–648.Google Scholar
  8. Hogue, M.J. 1921a. “Waskia intestinalis: Its Cultivation and Cyst Formation.” Journal of American Medical Association 77: 112–113.Google Scholar
  9. Hogue, M.J. 1921b. “The Cultivation of Trichomonas hominis.” American Journal of Tropical Medicine 1: 211–214.Google Scholar
  10. Hogue, M.J. 1921c. “Studies on the Life History of Vahlkampfia patuxent N. Sp., Parasitic in the Oyster, with Experiments Regarding Its Pathogenicity.” American Journal of Hygiene 1: 321345.Google Scholar
  11. Hogue, M.J. 1922a. “A Comparison of an Amoeba, Vahlkampfia patuxent, with Tissue-Culture Cells.” Journal of Experimental Zoology 35: 1–11.Google Scholar
  12. Hogue, M.J. 1922b. “Spirochaeta eurygyrata. A Note on Its Life History and Cultivation.” Journal of Experimental Medicine 36: 617–626.Google Scholar
  13. Hogue, M.J. 1922c. “A study of Trichomonas hominis, Its Cultivation, Its Inoculation into Animals and Its Staining Reaction to Vital Dyes.” Johns Hopkins Hospital Bulletin 33: 437–444.Google Scholar
  14. Hogue, M.J, and Van Winkle, C. 1923. “The Effect of Carbon Tetracholoride on Intestinal Protozoa.” American Journal of Tropical Medicine 3: 197–202.Google Scholar
  15. Hogue, M.J. 1923. “Contractile Vacuoles in Amoebae – Factors Influencing Their Formation and Rate of Contraction.” The Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society 39: 49–55.Google Scholar
  16. Hogue, M.J. 1926a. “Staining Protozoa with Janus Green B.” Stain Tech 1: 35–36.Google Scholar
  17. Hogue, M.J. 1926b. “Studies on Trichomonas buccalis.” American Journal of Tropical Medicine 6: 75–89.Google Scholar
  18. Hogue, M.J. 1927. “Trichomonas in Urine.” American Journal of Tropical Medicine 7: 327–330.Google Scholar
  19. Hogue, M.J. 1928a. “The Effect of Bacilus pyocyaneus on Cultures of Trichomonas hominis.” American Journal of Hygiene 8: 85–88.Google Scholar
  20. de Rényi, G.S., and Hogue, M.J. 1931. “Studies Made by Means of Microdissection on Skeletal Muscle Grown in Tissue Culture.” Arch exper Zellforschg 11: 304.Google Scholar
  21. de Rényi, G.S., and Hogue, M.J. 1928b. “Trichomonas in Tissue Cultures.” American Journal of Tropical Medicine 8: 325–337.Google Scholar
  22. de Rényi, G.S., and Hogue, M.J. 1932a. “The Effect of Four Amoebicidal Drugs on the Tissues of the Digestive Tract Grown In Vitro.” American Journal of Tropical Medicine 12: 149–171.Google Scholar
  23. de Rényi, G.S., and Hogue, M.J. 1932b. “The Reaction of Tissue-Culture Cells to Barium (X-ray) Sulphate.” Anatomical Record 54: 307–323.Google Scholar
  24. de Rényi, G.S., and Hogue, M.J. 1933. “A New Variety of Retortamonas (Embadomonas) intestinalis from Man.” American Journal of Hygiene 18: 433–441.Google Scholar
  25. de Rényi, G.S., and Hogue, M.J. 1934. “Studies on Skeletal Muscle Grown in Tissue Cultures.” Arch exper Zellforschg 16: 167–186.Google Scholar
  26. de Rényi, G.S., and Hogue, M.J. 1934. “Further Studies on the Effect of Amoebicidal Drugs on Tissue Culture Cells (Arsenious Trithio Salicylic Acid, Carbarsone, Kurchi Bismuth Iodide, Proparsamide, Vioform).” American Journal of Tropical Medicine 14: 443–456.Google Scholar
  27. de Rényi, G.S., and Hogue, M.J. 1936. “Four Races of Retortamonas (Embadomonas) intestinalis.” American Journal of Hygiene 23: 80–84.Google Scholar
  28. de Rényi, G.S., and Hogue, M.J. 1937a. “Studies of Heart Muscle in Tissue Cultures.” Anatomical Record 67: 521–535.Google Scholar
  29. de Rényi, G.S., and Hogue, M.J. 1937b. “Notes on Culturing Certain Protozoa and a Spirochaete Found in Man.” P.S. Galtsoff, F.E. Lutz, P.S. Welch, and J.G. Needham (eds.), Culture Methods for Invertebrate Animals. Ithaca: Comstock Publishing Co., pp. 65–68.Google Scholar
  30. de Rényi, G.S., and Hogue, M.J. 1938. “Studies on Cardiac Muscle Cells, from Chick Embryos, Grown in Tissue Culture.” Anatomical Record 70: 441–449.Google Scholar
  31. de Rényi, G.S., and Hogue, M.J. 1938a. “The Effect of Trichomonas foetus on Tissue Culture Cells.” American Journal of Hygiene 28: 288–298.Google Scholar
  32. de Rényi, G.S., and Hogue, M.J. 1939. “Infection of Trichomonas foetus in Chick Embryos and Young Chicks.” American Journal of Hygiene 30: 65–67.Google Scholar
  33. Hogue, M.J., and de Rényi, G.S. 1939. “Giant Muscle Cells in Tissue Cultures.” Arch exp Zellforsch 23: 122–124.Google Scholar
  34. de Rényi, G.S., and Hogue, M.J. 1943a. “The Effect of Trichomonas vaginalis on Tissue-Culture Cells.” American Journal of Hygiene 37: 142–152.Google Scholar
  35. de Rényi, G.S., and Hogue, M.J. 1944. “The Behavior of Trichomonas vaginalis in a Semi-Solid Medium.” American Journal of Tropical Medicine 24: 255–258.Google Scholar
  36. de Rényi, G.S., and Hogue, M.J. 1946. “Tissue Cultures of the Brain. Intercellular Granules.” The Journal of Comparative Neurology 85: 519–530.Google Scholar
  37. de Rényi, G.S., and Hogue, M.J. 1947a. “The Behavior of Trichomonas vaginalis in Tissue Cultures: A Movie.” Journal of Parasitology 33: 199–200.Google Scholar
  38. de Rényi, G.S., and Hogue, M.J. 1947b. “Human Fetal Brain Cells in Tissue Cultures: Their Identification and Motility.” Journal of Experimental Zoology 106: 85–107.Google Scholar
  39. de Rényi, G.S., and Hogue, M.J. 1947c. “Human Fetal Ependymal Cells in Tissue Cultures.” Anatomical Record 99: 523–529.Google Scholar
  40. de Rényi, G.S., and Hogue, M.J. 1947d. “Intercalated Disks in Tissue Cultures.” Anatomical Record 99: 157–162.Google Scholar
  41. de Rényi, G.S., and Hogue, M.J. 1949a. “Human Fetal Choroid Plexus Cells in Tissue Cultures.” Anatomical Record 103: 381–399.Google Scholar
  42. de Rényi, G.S., and Hogue, M.J. 1949b. “A Method for Preventing Moisture Condensation During Photography of Tissue Cultures in Hanging Drops.” Science 110: 188–189.Google Scholar
  43. de Rényi, G.S., and Hogue, M.J. 1950. “Brain Cells from Human Fetuses and Infants, Cultured In Vitro After Death of the Individuals.” Anatomical Record 108: 457–475.Google Scholar
  44. de Rényi, G.S., and Hogue, M.J. 1952a. “Nuclear Activities of Human Fetal Brain Cells in Tissue Cultures.” Experimental Cell Research 3: 360–366.Google Scholar
  45. de Rényi, G.S., and Hogue, M.J. 1952b. “Review of Studies of Human Fetal Brain Cells in Tissue Cultures.” Études NÉo-Natales 1: 1–13.Google Scholar
  46. de Rényi, G.S., and Hogue, M.J. 1953. “A Study of Adult Human Brain Cells Grown in Tissue Cultures.” American Journal of Anatomy 93: 397–427.Google Scholar
  47. Rubin, A., Springer, G.F., and Hogue, M.J. 1954. “The Effect of Deuterium Glucosamine Hydrochloride and Related Compounds on Tissue Cultures of the Solid Form of Mouse Sarcoma 37.” Cancer Research 14: 456–458.Google Scholar
  48. Hogue, M.J., McAllister, R., Greene, A.E., and Coriell, L.L. 1955. “The Effect of Poliomyelitis Virus on Human Brain Cells in Tissue Culture.” Journal of Experimental Medicine 102: 29–36.Google Scholar
  49. Hogue, M.J., and Rubin, A. 1955. “Studies on the Solid Form of Mouse Sarcoma 37 Grown in Tissue Culture.” Cancer Research 15: 462–463.Google Scholar
  50. Hogue, M.J., McAllister, R., Greene, A.E., and Coriell, L.L. 1958. “A Comparative Study of the Effect of the Poliomyelitis Virus Types 1, 2, and 3 on Human Brain Cells Grown in Tissue Culture.” American Journal of Hygiene 67: 267–275.Google Scholar

Hogue’s Publications in the Goucher Alumnae Quarterly

  1. Hogue, M.J. 1925. “To the Older Alumnae.” Goucher Alumnae Quarterly 5(1): 17–21.Google Scholar
  2. Hogue, M.J. 1926c. “Woods Hole.” Goucher Alumnae Quarterly 5(4): 17–19.Google Scholar
  3. Hogue, M.J. 1929. “Margaret Reed Lewis.” Goucher Alumnae Quarterly 7(3): 49–52.Google Scholar
  4. Hogue, M.J. 1938b. “Birthday Party.” Goucher Alumnae Quarterly 17(1): 19–21.Google Scholar
  5. Hogue, M.J. 1940. “Maynard Mayo Metcalf.” Goucher Alumnae Quarterly 18(3): 28–29.Google Scholar
  6. Hogue, M.J. 1943b. “The New Alumnae Trustee.” Goucher Alumnae Quarterly 22(1): 5.Google Scholar
  7. Hogue, M.J. 1951. “The Contribution of Goucher Women to the Biological Sciences.” Goucher Alumnae Quarterly 29(4): 13–22.Google Scholar
  8. Peebles, F., and Hogue, M.J. 1934. “An Appreciation of Dr. Metcalf.” Goucher Alumnae Quarterly 12(2): 16.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of BiologyWilliams CollegeWilliamstownUSA
  2. 2.Marine Biological LaboratoryWoods HoleUSA
  3. 3.Institut für Zellbiologie und Neurowissenschaft, Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am MainFrankfurt am MainGermany

Personalised recommendations