Journal of the History of Biology

, Volume 38, Issue 1, pp 19–32 | Cite as

Revisiting the eclipse of Darwinism

Article

Abstract

The article sums up a number of points made by the author concerning the response to Darwinism in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, and repeats the claim that a proper understanding of the theory’s impact must take account of the extent to which what are now regarded as the key aspects of Darwin’s thinking were evaded by his immediate followers. Potential challenges to this position are described and responded to.

Keywords

anti-Darwinism Darwinism eclipse of Darwinism 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bartholomew, Michael 1975“Huxley’s Defence of Darwinism,”Annals of Science32525535CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bowler, Peter J. 1976a“Malthus, Darwin and the Concept of Struggle.”Journal of the History of Ideas37631650CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bowler, Peter J. 1976bFossils and Progress: Paleontology and the Idea of Progressive Evolution in the Nineteenth CenturyScience History PublicationsNew YorkGoogle Scholar
  4. Bowler, Peter J. 1983The Eclipse of Darwinism: Anti-Darwinian Evolution Theories in the Decades around 1900Johns Hopkins University PressBaltimoreGoogle Scholar
  5. Bowler, Peter J. 1986. Theories of Human Evolution: A Century of Debate, 1845–1945. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press and Oxford: Basil BlackwellGoogle Scholar
  6. Bowler, Peter J. 1988The Non-Darwinian Revolution: Reinterpreting a Historical MythJohns Hopkins University PressBaltimoreGoogle Scholar
  7. Bowler, Peter J. 1989. The Mendelian Revolution: The Emergence of Heredtiarian Concepts in Modern Science and Society. London: Athlone and Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Bowler, Peter J. 1993Biology and Social Thought, 1850–1914Office for the History of Science and Technology, University of CaliforniaBerkeleyGoogle Scholar
  9. Bowler, Peter J. 1996Life’s Splendid Drama: Evolutionary Biology and the Reconstruction of Life’s Ancestry, 1860–1940University of Chicago PressChicagoGoogle Scholar
  10. Bowler, Peter J. 2001Reconciling Science and Religion: The Debates in Early Twentieth-Century BritainUniversity of Chicago PressChicagoCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Bowler, Peter J. 2004

    “The Specter of Darwinism: The Popular Image of Darwinism in Early Twentieth-Century Britain.”

    Abigail, LustigRobert, J. RichardsMichael, Ruse eds. Darwinian HeresiesCambridge University PressCambridge4868
    CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. De Beer, Gavin 1963Charles DarwinNelsonLondonGoogle Scholar
  13. Desmond, Adrian 1989The Politics of Evolution: Morphology, Medicine and Reform in Radical LondonUniversity of Chicago PressChicagoGoogle Scholar
  14. Eiseley, Loren 1958Darwin’s Century: Evolution and the Men Who Discovered ItDoubledayNew YorkGoogle Scholar
  15. Greene, John C. 1959The Death of Adam: Evolution and its Impact on Western ThoughtIowa State University PressAmesGoogle Scholar
  16. Greene, John C. 1999Debating Darwin: Adventures of a ScholarRegina BooksClaremont, CAGoogle Scholar
  17. Haeckel, Ernst 1998Art Forms in Nature: The Prints of Ernst HaeckelPrestelMunichGoogle Scholar
  18. Hodge, M.J.S. 1972“The Universal Gestation of Nature: Chambers’ Vestiges and Explanations.”Journal of the History of Biology5127152CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Maienschein, Jane 1991Transforming Traditions in American Biology, 1880–1915Johns Hopkins University PressBaltimoreGoogle Scholar
  20. Mayr, Ernst 1982The Growth of Biological Thought: Diversity, Evolution and InheritanceHarvard University PressCambridge, MassGoogle Scholar
  21. Moore, James R. 1979The Post-Darwinian Controversies: A Study of the Protestant Struggle to Come to Terms with Darwinism in Britain and America, 1870–1900Cambridge University PressCambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Ospovat, Dov 1976“The Influence of Karl Ernst von Baer’s Embryology, 1828–1859: A Reappraisal in Light of Richard Owen and William B. Carpenter’s ‘Paleontological Application of von Baer’s Law.’”Journal of the History of Biology9128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Richards, Robert J. 1991The Meaning of Evolution: The Morphological Construction and Ideological Reconstruction of Darwin’s TheoryUniversity of Chicago PressChicagoGoogle Scholar
  24. Richards, Robert J. 2002The Romantic Conception of Life: Science and Philosophy in the Age of GoetheUniversity of Chicago PressChicagoCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Ruse, Michael 1996Monad to Man: The Concept of Progress in Evolutionary BiologyHarvard University PressCambridge, MassGoogle Scholar
  26. Secord, James A. 2001Victorian Sensation: The Extraordinary Publication, Reception and Secret Authorship of Vestiges of the Natural History of CreationUniversity of Chicago PressChicagoGoogle Scholar
  27. Young, Robert M. 1985Darwin’s Metaphor: Nature’s Place in Victorian CultureCambridge University PressCambridgeGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Anthropological StudiesQueen’s UniversityBelfastUK

Personalised recommendations