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Evaluation by different mechanisms of the protective effects of vitamin B12 on methotrexate nephrotoxicity


Methotrexate is used for cure of many cancer types. It has many side effects. For this reason, obtaining a nephroprotective agent is obligatory. In the study, our aim is to determine probable effects of Vitamin B12 on MTX caused kidney damages in rats. Rats were randomly divided into 4 groups, including 8 animals in each group. Control group, VitB12 group (3 μg-kg-ip B12 throughout 15 days), MTX group (at the 8th day of experiment, a single dose of 20 mg-kg-ip MTX), Vit B12 + MTX group (3 μg-kg-ip B12 throughout 15 days and at the 8th day of experiment, a single dose of 20 mg-kg-ip MTX) Animals were anesthetized and kidney tissues were removed to evaluate biochemically, immunohistochemically and histopathologycally. There were histopathological deteriorations, rises of apoptotic cells, expressions of heat shock proteins, endoplasmic reticulum stress and inflammation markers in the MTX group. In the MTX group, Superoxide Dismutase (SOD), Total Antioxidant Status (TAS) and Catalase (CAT) levels decreased, but Total Oxidant Status TOS, Malondialdehyde (MDA) and interleukin-6 (IL6) levels increased. In addition, there was amelioration in kidney tissue in Vit B12 + MTX group compared to the MTX group. We suggest that Vit B12 can be used to reduce the toxic effects of MTX.

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This study was supported by Erciyes University Scientific Research Projects Unit (TSA-2019-8673)

Author information




EÖ, DK and BY designed the study, EÖ, DK, EK, ATA, NK and MS performed the experiment. EK, ATA contributed in analyzing the data. EÖ and BY wrote the manuscript.

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Correspondence to E. Ozturk.

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Ozturk, E., Karabulut, D., Akin, A.T. et al. Evaluation by different mechanisms of the protective effects of vitamin B12 on methotrexate nephrotoxicity. J Mol Histol (2021).

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  • Biochemistry
  • Histopathology
  • İmmunohistochemia
  • MTX
  • Rat