Higher Education

, Volume 68, Issue 6, pp 891–908 | Cite as

Understanding the concept of the entrepreneurial university from the perspective of higher education models

  • Chanphirun Sam
  • Peter van der Sijde


Over the last few decades, globalization and ever-increasing demands of the knowledge-based economy have caused higher education in most countries around the world to undergo significant transformation. Notwithstanding the dramatic changes in higher education, it is clearly noticed that the influence of the European higher education models is still present despite the fact that the American model has then become dominant on higher education in Europe or even worldwide. The changes have been seen in the evolutionary roles of universities, which share the common trend from traditional missions of teaching and research to the third mission for economic development. Despite various viewpoints about the third mission, the common one concerns the entrepreneurial role of university for socio-economic development, underlying the concept of entrepreneurial university in which the collaboration between university and external stakeholders is emphasized. This paper is aimed to present a review of the taxonomy of the three European higher education models, namely the Humboldtian, Napoleonic, and Anglo-Saxon model, which is followed by a discussion on the emergence of the Anglo-American model of higher education. The paper then presents the third mission in relation to the roles of a university in developed countries, which is followed by the elaboration on the transformation from mode 1 to mode 2 in knowledge production, and a pathway toward entrepreneurial universities.


University Research Third mission Entrepreneurial university Globalization Knowledge-based economy/society Mode 1 Mode 2 


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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Organization Sciences, Faculty of Social SciencesVU University AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands

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